India has a strong population of its people outside the country. It is estimated that there are over 25 million people of Indian origin spread across the globe. In fact, according to a recent survey result released by the UN, India has the largest diaspora in the world.
In this article, we shall focus specifically the regions or countries, where people of Indian origin constitute over 20 % of the total population.
Mauritius: Surrounded by the waters of Indian Ocean, this small island of Africa having 1.3 million of people out of which 69% of the total population is of Indian community. English is the official language of Mauritius but many Indian languages (Tamil, Bhojpuri) are also spoken. Indo-Mauritian people have a great impact on politics and economy. Indian culture is a dominating face as most Hindu celebrations are public holidays. Apart from the popularity of Indian films, the beautiful island has its own group of Bhojpuri and Tamil Sega (An African music genre).
Suriname: A neighbour of Guyana, a densely forested state on the north-eastern Atlantic coast of South America has around 28% of its population as Indian Diasporas. Indians residing here mainly speaks Dutch (official language), Hindi (more, specifically, called sarnami language), and Bhojpuri. The majority religion among the community is Hinduism followed by Islam and Christianity. A Surinamese Indian originEducation MinisterAshwin Adhin said, “Indians did not change after reaching Suriname. Everything is still there- the songs, the dances and the food like dal-puri.”
Guyana: Adjacent to the coastline of Atlantic Ocean, Guyana is the 4th smallest country in the mainland of South America. Guyana was once a part of British colony. Around 44% of Guyanese population comprises of people from Indian origin. English is widely spoken, but Hindi, Tamil and Telugu constitute the mother tongue of significant proportion of Indians living here. Hinduism, Islam, Catholicism and Protestantism are the major religions being followed. Phagwah (Holi), Diwali, Eid and many other Indian festivals are celebrated in Guyana. To mark the arrival of Indians to Guyana, Indian Arrival Day is celebrated on May 5.
Trinidad and Tobago: Located off the coast of Venezuela as the southernmost Antillean Island, these twin islands have combined population of 1.3 million people in which 40% are Indians. In terms of religion, Christianity is the main religion, then Hinduism, Islam and other African faiths are also practiced. Talking of language, English and many Indian languages (Hindi, Urdu, Gujarati, Bhojpuri, Awadhi, Bengali, Kannada, Tamil and Telugu) are spoken here. Also, Indo-Trinidadians have maintained their unique culture. Indian cooking, music and movies has become a part of the mainstream life style of Trinidad and Tobago.
MIDDLE EAST (The Gulf)
United Arab Emirates: UAE is one of the most liberal countries in the Gulf. Over a million of Indian migrants are living in the UAE who form over 50% of the total population of the country. Vegetarian South Indian food, Mughlai or tandoor cuisines are very popular in the restaurants of UAE. Bollywood and Malayalam cinemas are famous among Indian expatriates and are shown in most theatres of Emirates. Indian people interact with each other in Hindi, Tamil, Urdu and Malayalam. The major religion followed is Islam.
Kuwait: Indians fans of Bollywood movies must have heard this country’s name in recent days. “Airlift”, a Bollywood movie centred on ‘Kuwait City’ clearly shows the number of Indians residing there. This country shares its borders with Iraq and Saudi Arabia. 21% of Kuwaiti population comprises of Indians. Most Indians in Kuwait are practicing Hinduism with a few Muslims, Christians and Buddhists. All communities have religious freedom and can freely celebrate their festivals. Kuwait is an Islamic country but Malayalam, Tamil, English and Arabic are the major languages spoken widely. Several Indian schools exist in Kuwait.
Fiji: An archipelago of more than 330 islands, Fiji is an island country in the western Pacific Ocean constituting 40% of the population as Indians. Most Indo-Fijians are the descendants of indentured labourers brought to Fiji during the 19th century by the British. The overwhelming majority of Indo-Fijians speak Fiji-Hindi (developed out of contact between speakers of Hindi and their bosses during the colonial era). Famous epic stories and myths such as Ramayana and Mahabharata are read, chanted and even performed during religious festivals. Diwali and Holi are celebrated by Indian Hindu while Indian Muslims observe the month of Ramadan. Also, the standard greeting in Fiji Hindi is “Namaste”.
Apart from these countries, India’s neighbour Nepal and Sri Lanka have 15% and 5% of Indian communities respectively.
Aakash Sinha is an engineering student who likes to write on different social issues.(images-wikimedia)
On Tuesday, the US government released its State Department’s International Religious Freedom Report for 2016
The report lists the growing attacks against Hindus in India as well as abroad
Particularly in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Malaysia, the attacks against Hindus is common
US, August 17, 2017: On Tuesday, August 17, the US Government released its State Department’s International Religious Freedom Report (IRFR) for the year 2016. The report lists growing number of attacks against Hindus in India as well as abroad.
The report, released by Secretary of State Rex Tillerson in Washington, particularly talks about the growing number of assaults on Hindus in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Malaysia. Furthermore, there were also mentioned incidents of assault against Sikhs in Denmark and France.
Interestingly, the recent incidents of Gau Rakshaks of India are also presented in the report. It has highlighted the increasing attack against individuals from minority groups by cow-protection activists.
In Bangladesh especially, there has been a sharp increase in the attacks against Hindus who constitute the religious minority of the country. This can be attributed to the presence of terrorist groups such as ISIS and Al-Qaeda.
The IRFR also reports an incident from October in Bangladesh. Over a Facebook post that some may find offensive to Islam, more than 50 Hindu families and over 15 Hindu temples were ruined by hundreds of villagers. This attack claimed the lives of 25 people.
The report has also recognized Pakistan government’s inability to help safeguard the rights of religious minorities, particularly Hindus. But a larger problem that exists in Pakistan is the forced conversions of Hindus and Christians.
There have also been offenses against the Sikh community present in France and Denmark. In France, Turbans are banned in schools, offices, and other public spaces. In Denmark, court judges are prohibited from wearing the turbans. These bans include the religious symbols as well as crucifixes.
In England and Wales, 1,055 crimes against other religions such as Hindus, Sikhs, and few Christians were recorded by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in the US government report.
From April-November 2016, eight Hindu temples were vandalized in Malaysia. Hindu leaders of the country have alleged that the police is ignorant of the problems.
[bctt tweet=”US Government released its State Department’s International Religious Freedom Report (IRFR) for the year 2016.” username=”NewsGramdotcom”]
Zakir Naik, controversial figure in India, was warmly received by the Malaysian government as Hindus protested his speaking tour. Zakir Naik’s speech is always intended to insult Hindus and promote extremism. Bangladesh, on the other hand, had banned Zakir Naik’s Peace TV Bangla as it was spreading extremist ideologies.
In Fiji, three Hindu temples were desecrated in 2016. In Mauritius, no religious violence took place despite the growing tensions between Hindus and Muslims.
This report by the US Commission has come under heavy fire from the Hindu American Foundation. The leaders of the foundation have asserted that the International Religious Freedom Report was outsourced to writer and activist Dr. Iqtidar Karamat Cheema than being written by the staff of the US commission. The Foundation’s allegations have raised questions about the nature of credibility of the commission.
Furthermore, the Foundation claims that the author has cited “alternative facts.” Also interesting to note is that Dr. Cheema has been honored by several Pakistani government bodies previously who has supported separatist agendas.
– prepared by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter: @Saksham2394
NewsGram is a Chicago-based non-profit media organization. We depend upon support from our readers to maintain our objective reporting. Show your support by Donating to NewsGram. Donations to NewsGram are tax-exempt.
Raymond Ramcharitar, a columnist with the Trinidad Guardian, is quite accurate when he wrote that “the oppressor these days in the minds of many Trinidadians is not the white world, but local Indian. It’s a narrative relentlessly repeated on talk radio, in newspaper columns, in academia.
Blacks in Trinidad and Tobago are describing the situation of the black community as a “crisis” and as one requiring urgent attention. The main areas of concern are the crime situation affecting the black community, the black on black violence, the murders of young black men and the gang warfare.
They point to the prison population as being black in composition, and the under 18-year-old prisoners at the Youth Training Centre (YTC). The recent outbreak of young black men from the St Michael’s Boys’ Home is also a serious concern to them.
Another area of expressed concern is the under-achievement of blacks in education. This becomes an emotional issue annually when the results of the SEA, CSEC, and CAPE are released and the lists of the top achievers and scholarship winners are announced. There is a visible under-representation of blacks as top scorers in these exams.
[bctt tweet=” Blacks are constantly comparing their situation of crisis with the perceived success of Indians ” username=”NewsGramdotcom”]
The 2017 SEA exam results
An example is the results of the 2017 SEA exams in which the first three top places were attained by Indian students from denominational schools. Success in business and the professions are also referred constantly by blacks. They point out the absence of blacks.
Trinidad is a plural society and blacks are constantly comparing their situation of crisis with the perceived success of Indians – Indians are their point of reference and comparison.
One tendency in this obvious comparison of ethnicities is to blame Indians for the crisis in the black community. This aspect of black analysis of their situation has the potential to lead to tension and conflict. Sometimes the United National Congress (UNC) and its leader, Mrs Kamla Persad Bissesser, are singled out for attack especially since she led the government for five years (2010 – 2015), and the UNC political base lay in the Hindu and Indian community.
The black talk-shows, articles, letters, etc.
The sources of black opinion are expressed in the many call-in talk shows on the radio, in letters to the editor, and articles in the print media such as the weekly TnT Mirror which is virtually an Afro-centric weekly newspaper. These media outlets are followed by the Trinidad Express in which the black position is given widespread publicity by several columnists who are clearly Afro-centric in their worldview and position on issues. There is the complete absence of any alternate Indian-orientated opinion in this daily newspaper. In this sense, the Trinidad Express can be deemed to be an urban Afro-centric newspaper and certainly not “national” or “independent” as it proclaims itself to be.
Aiyegoro Ome of the National Joint Action Committee (NJAC) and its cultural arm, the National Action Cultural Committee (NACC), in a letter to the Express (“Mark Emancipation Day in Every Home.” June 24, 2017 p. 15) suggested that Emancipation Day should be celebrated widely. “Let’s face it, the African family is in crisis. The signs are everywhere. Communities which are primarily African are going through torture. Young African males, in particular, are the frequent perpetrators and well as, the victims of crime, notwithstanding the accomplishments of many Africans youths, the status of Africans is tainted with a lot of nonsense.”
Mayday, Mayday! SOS, SOS
Using the language of distress and trauma in a lengthy letter to the press (Guardian. June 20, 2017, p 21), another black writer, Michael Joseph, wrote: “Mayday, Mayday, Mayday! SOS, SOS, SOS to our leaders. Where are they? The Afro-centric community is leaderless and without voice. ” He continued: “Our predicament: We are experiencing a period of genocide in the black communities, where the system is geared towards our demise and we are in full co-operation shown by our actions and attitudes towards to each other.” Joseph stated that the “system” is working for others and not for blacks:
Michael Joseph added: “This multi-ethnic, multi-racial society is exactly what it is, every ethnic group is looking out for themselves and nothing is wrong with that. What is wrong is the fact that the Afro-centric communities are without voice. We are still being sold to the highest bidder, depending on the education and indoctrination. And so, we contribute to the progress and success of everyone else but ourselves. Where are our leaders?”
“Wake up black man!”
Joseph called upon blacks to “wake up black man – we are in no position to feed ourselves and protect our families and communities, and that is not good for a people.” He added: “Strength in numbers seems to have no meaning in the black communities. When will the killing stop? Who is benefiting from it?” He hoped the black youths would “stop killing each other, our youths in due course would put away the guns for the real war.” This black predicament affects others: “Children growing up angry with no love of one parent or another, “as such the well-off in society “get robbed or killed by the same disgruntled youths.” Thus blacks pose a real danger to society. This is a point repeated by other black writers on the black condition – the national price the country has to pay because of the black condition and crisis.
The criminal attack by bandits on Fr Clyde Harvey on Monday, June 13, 2017, on the Roman Catholic compound at Hermitage Road, Gonsales, in Belmont, Port-of-Spain, is viewed by the black intelligentsia as the epitome of the black crisis. The Prime Minister’s reaction was first published in condemnation of the attack of Fr Clyde Harvey: “The attack on Father Clyde Harvey by able-bodied, gun-toting men sadly represents the worst that exists within our communities. Notwithstanding what difficulties one may be facing in life there are limits beneath which the human form should not sink.” Dealing with the family background of the criminals, he said: “The miscreants have parents and I hope that somewhere in this country today, there are a few parents who are hanging their heads in shame as they reflect in private as to what more they might have done to prevent any of our citizens from behaving in this despicable way.”
“This is a black crisis. Don’t put lipstick on it!””
Dr Keith Rowley did not identify the ethnicity of the criminals or reacted in any ethnic-orientated way to the crime. The identity of the banditswere known when the police arrested four young men between the ages of 17 and 24 years, all from the Gonsales area in Belmont in Port-of-Spain. The many other responses to this high-profile crime against a popular priest were generally to condemn the crime. This was not the case of others.
Dr Theodore Lewis is professor emeritus of the University of Minnesota in the United States, retired and residing in Trinidad. He reported on a conversation he had with Fr Harvey before the crime in an article in the Express, about the crime in the Laventille area, and about “his parishioners who bear the brunt of the crime.” Lewis wrote: “But he (Fr Harvey) went further and yes, it is black boys whom he says can see no avenue for escape. Fr Harvey is not afraid to name the problem. He is not putting water in his mouth. This is a black crisis. Don’t put lipstick on it.”
“He (Fr Harey) points to the white-collar dimension of crime, crime in suit and tie, hiding behind the cloak of respectability.” In fact, in response to the attack on his person and church, Fr Harvey said that “in a sense, I cannot blame them. Some have identified the men as two wicked young men. They are not wicked, they are victims of our society. It is not about forgiveness. I don’t see them as guilty or see them as misguided – they are victims.”
Thieving black people’s money
When Fr Harvey was forced to open the church vault with a gun at his head, he recounted the event that one of the bandits, when they saw the cheques, one of them said: “All these cheques, you must have money, allyuh pastors have money, allyuh thieving black people money.”
Fr Harvey’s comment on the incident was that the thieves did not distinguish between a “pastor” and a “priest.” He completely ignored, and had no comment to make on, the psychology of the criminal mind, the black young men, who view him and his church as “thieving black people money” and feel justified in robbing and assaulting him, and from what one of them told the policeman, other victims as well, motivated by a sense of victimhood of blacks.
White collar criminals responsible for black crime
Fr Harvey blamed “society” and “white collar criminals in suit and tie” as responsible for the actions of the black criminals, while the black criminals blame him and his church for “thieving black people money,” a truly interesting divergence of positions.
Theodore Lewis commented on the crime against Fr Harvey: “Black boys behind the bridge do not have the means to do that [white collar crime]. They are not accepted in prestige schools, primary and secondary. The university is blind to the absence of blacks in medicine and engineering despite what Noel Kallicharan says. Fr Harvey was the victim of ‘societal forces that are at play.’”
Lewis added: “Fr Harvey is the one person there is in this country who can sit with gangsters and reason with them to end their war, the main casualties of which are young black men. Men are fighting for their lives daily, while the sons of Mr Big go to university, and while politicians fight for State land for sugar workers, Black men are dying too soon, their beautiful children left without a daddy to read to them at night, black children born into a country that does not tell them about the prowess of Courtney Bartholomew …“
At no point does Lewis place responsibility at the door of the black leaders. The absence of black men at university in medicine and engineering, it seems, is at the expense of Indians who are students of these disciplines. The “sugar workers” are mainly Indians, the prestige schools are populated by Indian children. By being successful in school and university, especially in medicine, law, and engineering, Indians are accused of contributing to the black condition in Trinidad and Tobago.
Blame the PPP Government (2010 – 2015)
Errol Pilgrim followed the Theodore-Lewis’ warped line of thought in his article, “The African Condition in Tatters in T&T” (TnT Mirror. June 16, 2017, p. 11). He identified the criminals who attacked Fr Harvey as black men and placed the African condition of crisis, not within the African community, but on the People’s Partnership Government (2010 – 2015), and more particularly, at the feet of Mrs. Kamla Persad-Bissesser.
The criminals who attacked Fr Harvey are described as “cowardly young Black miscreants.” Pilgrim wrote that “as we move towards our thirty-second-year celebration of emancipation, it is difficult to identify anything in the condition of Africans in our nascent society that is worthy of celebration. For far too long, the character of the young African male, existing on the margins of society, has been largely defined by unrelenting brutality and brutishness and an aversion to anything that is decent and lawful.”
Errol Pilgrim referred to the Selwyn Ryan Report and proceeded to lay the condition of African crisis with Kamla Persad Bissesser and the PP government. He stated that the cancellation of the off-shore vessels by the PP government is responsible for crime among blacks. Pilgrim’s language is quite extreme: “The drugs and gun smugglers enjoyed a long uninterrupted reign, getting their mindless minions, consisting of young Black men, to reign terror on the streets and to set the indigent pockets of African habitation along the East-West corridor awash with African blood.”
Pilgrim wrote that the recommended national service scheme was a “stepped up servile CEPEP scheme” and the recommended use of sports was answered by the PP government “racially-orientated decision to seek to lay waste and ruin the monument that the previous government had started to erect.” He added that the PP’s Life Sport programme “burgeoned into a mammoth criminal enterprise.” This is political propaganda which fail to address the real causes of the black crisis, but puts blame for the black condition on others.
Blame Kamla Persad-Bissessar
Errol Pilgrim quoted the Ryan Report which asked the question: “What does increased youth criminality say about the failure of two earlier generations to provide ample role models and institutional support to guide the current generation?” Pilgrim’s answer is limited to five years, 2010 to 2017, when Kamla Persad-Bissessar was prime minister. He blames her for everything negative in the black community. His subsequent week’s article, “Hard To Be Black and Proud In T&T,” carried a photo of Kamla Persad-Bissessar with the caption: “Whereas the PNM has sought to be all things to all people, the UNC has openly and quite effectively sought to promote as a matter of policy, the interests and development of their East Indian political base …“
Errol Pilgrim’s article is a comparative account of the failures of Africans and the successes of Indians with the conclusion that Indians are responsible for the African condition. Pilgrim’s final article in the month of June, 2017, “I’ll Keep Writing Until Black Justice Happens,” (TnT Mirror, June 30, 2017, p. 11) disclosed his purpose of writing: “ … the racial and ethnic perils that the Black man in Trinidad and Tobago has had to endure to the advantage of other racial and ethnic groups. I propose to persist in my focus on this taboo of race and ethnicity.”
Blacks are never held accountable for their situation, and do not take responsibility for the crisis which they proclaim is facing them. The continuous administrations of Eric Williams from 1956 to the time of his death in 1981 and the PNM in power for 30 continuous years is never mentioned. Discussion of the continuation of PNM in government under Patrick Manning is avoided, and now under Dr. Keith Rowley.
The new oppressors are Indians
Are we to accept that these PNM administrations did not foster the interests of PNM black supporters? There is silence on this topic. To give a historical background of the black condition would create distress – it is better to avoid Eric Williams altogether.
Raymond Ramcharitar, a columnist with the Trinidad Guardian, is quite accurate when he wrote that “the oppressor these days in the minds of many Trinidadians is not the white world, but local Indian. It’s a narrative relentlessly repeated on talk radio, in newspaper columns, in academia. In last week’s Express Selwyn Cudjoe began to beat the drum again saying that Indians were brought here to stymie the economic progress of Africans” (“The View From AL Jaeera ” Guardian. May 24, 2017 p. 20)
Ramcharitar was referring to Cudjoe’s article in the Sunay Express (“Getting It Right.” March 26, 2017, p. 14) in which Cudjoe wrote that “Indians were brought to Trinidad to undercut the progress that Africans were making at the economic front” and “Indian labor had managed to put Africans back in their place.” Cudjoe concluded that “when Kamla talks next, I hope she talks about the impact indentureship had on her African brothers and sisters and how, in 2017, we can rectify the conditions of poor Africans who still remain at the bottom of the economic pie.” It is as though Indians and whites owe reparation to Africans.
There is no Indian voice in the Express and Mirror
The black blame of Indians for their condition of crisis is now given historical justification, and as such, Indians must pay for black reparation, an argument based on historical fabrication and falsification. When Indians are mentioned in this discussion of the black crisis, it is the black view of Indians which is published. There is virtually no Indian voice (columnist) published in the Express and the TnT Mirror, very few letters in response to the issues raised by blacks. There is no discussion of the Indian condition in Trinidad and Tobago or analysis of issues from an Indian viewpoint.
In a Newsday article (“Indo-Trinidadians Position Today.” June 12, 2017, p 12), Trevor Sudama wrote that “we do not know a great deal about the Indo-Trinidadians’ presence in the society today because not much relevant and informative research has been done. To argue for such a program is to run the risk of being accused of having an obsession with race and engaging in race rhetoric. In a polite society, it is considered taboo to talk openly about race.” Yet blacks are engaged in race discussion about themselves and Indians daily, and the media give enormous time and space to entertain this discussion.
One expects that this discussion of the black crisis, as defined by blacks themselves, would continue with great intensity, and the Indian presence would continue to be ignored. When Indians are mentioned at all, it is by blacks who are engaged in comparison of the Indian condition as they perceive it or to blame Indians for the black crisis
This situation cannot continue and Indians must find avenues to respond to black attacks on Indians and to give as far as possible, objective assessment of the reality in Trinidad and Tobago.
Kamal Persad (BA & MA in History, UWI) is from Carapichaima, Trinidad and Tobago. He is an Indian academic Ideologue.
Flights attendants are often sharing stories and complaining about passengers from India
The problem is not just their behavior, but what they carry for travel as well
A couple of studies reveal exactly why Indian passengers drive the flight attendants crazy
July 07, 2017: Flight attendants are often sharing funny and weird stories about Indian passengers on board to an international flight. They often complain about Indians being ‘different passengers’ that others.
A middle aged man once peed on the aisle as he got drunk out of his mind. Another time, on a flight from Melbourne to Delhi, a man got drunk and assaulted two passengers as a result of which he had to be tied down to his seat.
And surveys and study has revealed it is not only what Indians do on board, but also what they carry along with their travel. Recent study and survey show exactly what is wrong.
Virgin Atlantic, a UK based airline, studied the most bizarre check in requests from all over the world. It reveals about the Indians’ requests to carry beddings and broom on their travel. Bed-heads, folding beds and brooms are often requested by Indians on their travel to the UK.
Another study about the 2016 crash-landing of Emirates flight (consisting 80% Indians on board) and more broadly about passenger behavior carried out by UAE aviation authorities highlight that Indians do not follow instructions, even at the times of crisis. For example, Indians carry their handbags during evacuation after repeated requests by the crew not to do so.
Not putting phones on airplane mode, stealing in-flight headphones and blankets, not making way for fellow passengers and of course taking too many selfies are some of the other things listen out by UAE authorities.