Tuesday December 12, 2017

Cure of Diabetes may be just a few years away

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Feb. 11, 2016: This video produced by Voice of America and brought to you by NewsGram highlights 2 things:
1. Insulin Pumps currently are automated, ie, you have to keep monitoring glucose levels and then decide the insulin dose to be given via Insulin pumps. The scientists say, in next 5 years, automated insulin pumps would become a reality.
2. Ongoing experiments in mice give hope that even the cure of diabetes may not be far away.

Scientists at two of the top U.S. universities say they have made significant advances in their quest to find a more efficient treatment for diabetes and eventually a cure. According to the International Diabetes Federation, the disease affects more than 370 million people worldwide. VOA’s George Putic reports.

Excess sugar, or glucose, in your blood is not good.  But a healthy body regulates it through insulin, produced in the organ called the pancreas. If the body fails to do that, either because of genetics, or an unhealthy lifestyle, diabetics have to adopt a grueling routine of constant monitoring of blood sugar and injecting insulin for the rest of their lives.

Both insulin monitors and delivery devices called insulin pumps, are available, but so far, creating an automatic injector that does not require monitoring has proved to be a difficult problem.

After working on it for almost 20 years, scientists at Harvard University say they may be close to solving it.

Frank Doyle of Harvard University says: “In essence, we use a patient model, a computational model, a mathematical model, to forecast into the future. So we get a sense of how past insulin affects future glucose, how the past trajectory of glucose is going to play out for the next hour or two.”

Scientists say automatic insulin pumps should be on the market within five years.

Finding a cure for diabetes would be even better and these mice may  hold the key.

In the type of diabetes caused by genetic disposition, the human immune system kills pancreas cells that produce insulin.  A jello-like substance engineered in the laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology shields those cells from the attack.

Daniel Anderson of Massachusetts Inst of Technology says: “We can take these human islets from stem cells and actually cure these diabetic mice for months. We have also shown that in primates we can put these little balls of new material in the abdominal space of primates and see that they don’t form scar tissue which is an important step towards thinking of using them in people.”

Scientists are optimistic that one way or another, or maybe with a combination of approaches, they will bring relief to diabetes sufferers within a few years. (GEORGE PUTIC, VOANEWS, WASHINGTON)

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Intake of Coffee can Reduce the risk of Death for Kidney Patients

Drinking Coffee may increase the lifespan of patients with chronic kidney disease.

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Drinking Coffee reduces mortality in Kidney patients
Drinking Coffee reduces mortality in Kidney patients. Pixabay
  • Want to live longer? Charge up on your cup of coffee. According to a study, caffeine consumption may prolong the lifespan of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Drinking coffee can Reduce mortality 

The findings showed a dose-dependent inverse association between caffeine and all-cause mortality.

People who had the highest intake of coffee had 24 percent lower risks of dying, while those in the second, third quartile of caffeine consumption had 12 percent and 22 percent lower risk.

“These results suggest that advising patients with CKD to drink more caffeine may reduce their mortality. This would represent a simple, clinically beneficial, and inexpensive option,” said Miguel Bigotte Vieira from Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, in Portugal.

However, “this benefit should ideally be confirmed in a randomised clinical trial”, Vieira added.

For the study, the team examined the association of caffeine consumption with mortality among 2328 patients with CKD. The results will be presented at the ongoing ASN Kidney Week 2017 in New Orleans.

Moreover, this observational study cannot prove that drinking coffee reduces the risk of death in patients with CKD, but only suggests the possibility of such a protective effect, Vieira stressed.

Drinking coffee can also reduce diabetes risk, revealed a reported in the American Chemical Society Journal of Natural Products.(IANS)

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Health Benefits of eating more Whole Grains

Having a whole grain diet helps lose weight, as compared to refined grains -- rich in starch, gluten and devoid of natural fiber.

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Whole grains
Whole grains.Pixabay
  • Regularly consuming whole grain foods such as barley, brown rice, millet, oatmeal and rye may help lose weight
  • It also decreases the risk of heart disease and diabetes, a study has claimed.

Why should you eat more whole grains? Here is all you need to know

The findings showed that study participants who ate whole grains had less inflammation, particularly in overweight people, which increases the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.

Further, participants were also found to eat less when whole grain products were on the menu because whole grain consumption causes satiety.

Importantly, having a whole grain diet helps lose weight, as compared to refined grains — rich in starch, gluten and devoid of natural fiber.

“Our analysis confirmed that there is a sound scientific basis for the dietary recommendation to eat whole grains. This may particularly apply to people who are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease or Type 2 diabetes,” said Tine Rask Licht, professor at the Technical University of Denmark.

Additionally, the researchers used DNA sequencing to analyze stool samples from the participants in order to examine whether the different diet types affected the participants’ gut bacteria composition.

Overall, the analysis did not show major effects of the dietary grain products on the composition of the lose weight.

“However, even though the analysis did not reveal significant changes in the average gut microbiota after whole grain consumption, it may well be that the individual components of our gut microbes has an impact on the individual reaction of our body to dietary whole grains,” Licht explained.

For the study, described in the journal Gut, the team included adults at risk of developing cardiovascular disease or Type 2 diabetes. The participants were divided randomly into two groups, with whole grain diet and refined varieties for eight weeks.(IANS)

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Are you suffering from Diabetes? Include these Fruits for your Diabetic Diet Plan

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Diabetes or diabetes mellitus occurs when the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin or when our cells become irresponsive to insulin. This results in the increase in blood glucose or blood sugar levels in your body.

  • A chronic disease like diabetes requires a strict diabetic diet with no cheat days.
  • The per day calorie intake ranges between 1500 to 1800 calories.
  • A diabetic diet plan should have at least three vegetables and two fruits per day. 

Include these relishing healthy fruits in your regular diabetic diet to maintain and treat your diabetes in a way which gives you essential balance in your taste.

Pomegranates

Diabetic Diet
Pomegranates are healthy for treating diabetes. Pixabay.

Acting as antioxidants, pomegranates serve as the best antidote for curing several chronic diseases. Pomegranate juice also helps to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The tiny red titbits should be added in your diabetic diet to maintain your blood circulation and blood sugar level.

Watermelon

Diabetic Diet
Add Watermelons in your diabetic diet to have a healthy heart. Pixabay.

The sugar content in watermelon is at a moderate level. It helps achieve a healthy combined mix of sugar and hydration if taken in controlled portions. It has a high water content, minerals, and fiber that will reduce your hunger by filling up your stomach with the required amount of water and sugar intake. To avoid overeating, you may add watermelon in your diabetic diet plan.

Strawberries

Diabetic Diet
Strawberries must form a major part of your diabetic diet. Pixabay.

Strawberries are a rich source of vitamin C, fibers, folate and manganese which must form a major part of your diabetic diet plan. They attain a low glycemic level that lowers the rate of release of blood glucose and maintains normal blood sugar level. It enhances immunity against diseases like cancer by increasing metabolism.

Kiwi

Diabetic diet
Eat kiwi and strawberry salad to have a healthy diabetic diet. Pixabay.

Kiwis also have a low glycemic level that does not increase the blood sugar level to a high extent. These are full of vitamin c and fibers that are capable of getting digested slowly. To maintain a healthy diabetic diet, kiwi’s would be beneficial to satisfy your tongue.

Apples

Diabetic diet
Apples in your diabetic diet will help you treat type 2 diabetes. Pixabay.

Undoubtedly, An apple a day keeps the doctor away. Apples are antioxidants filled with fibers that can treat diabetes in the best way. Apples are used to treat the risk of type 2 diabetes and should be counted up in your diabetic diet plan.

-Prepared by Bhavana Rathi of NewsGram. Twitter @tweet_bhavana