Monday October 22, 2018

Daily Exercise May Boost Better Lung Function Among Smokers

For the study, published in the journal Thorax, researchers used information collected from a long-standing collaboration between 25 European research centers in 11 countries

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According to the researchers, leisure-time vigorous physical activity is associated with better lung function among smokers. Pixabay
According to the researchers, leisure-time vigorous physical activity is associated with better lung function among smokers. Pixabay
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If you are a smoker try doing regular physical activities as it may help you to have better lung function, a new study suggests.

“This result highlights the importance of physical activity among current smokers specifically, which are a group at higher risk of poor lung function,” said the lead author of the study Elaine Fuertes, a researcher from the Barcelona Institute of Global Health (ISGlobal).

“One possible explanation for this result may be that physical activity improves respiratory muscle endurance and strength via a short or moderate-term effect that requires sustained physical effort to maintain it,” Fuertes added.

ALSO READ: Pollution, the silent killer in metros; 35 per cent children in India have poor lung capacity 

For the study, published in the journal Thorax, researchers used information collected from a long-standing collaboration between 25 European research centers in 11 countries. Pixabay
For the study, published in the journal Thorax, researchers used information collected from a long-standing collaboration between 25 European research centers in 11 countries. Pixabay

Over a 10-year period, 3,912 adults (aged between 27 to 57-years-old at the start of the study) were considered as being active if they exercised with a frequency of two or more times a week and a duration of one hour a week or more.

Associations between physical activity and lung function were only apparent among current smokers, suggesting the existence of an inflammation-related biological mechanism, the researchers said.

ALSO READ: Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) May Combat Lung Function Decline in Women: Study

The researchers also found that participants who were active at the end of the study, either by becoming active or remaining active throughout, had significantly higher lung function than those consistently inactive.

“The results of this study strengthen the epidemiological evidence supporting an association between physical activity and respiratory health,” said co-author Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Head of the Non-Communicable Diseases and Environment Programme at ISGlobal.

“This evidence should be used to inform and support public health messages that promote increasing and maintaining physical activity as a way of preserving respiratory health in middle-aged adults,” Garcia-Aymerich noted.

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Daily Cigarette Smokers Develop Greater Risk of Heart Attack, Says Study

The risk of heart attack starts to drop immediately after you stop smoking. Our results suggest the same is true when they stop using e-cigarettes

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Smoking conventional, e-cigarettes daily can be more dangerous. Pixabay

Daily usage of conventional and electronic cigarette together can increase your chances of heart attack by five times, a new study has warned.

The findings showed that the use of both cigarettes in a day — which was the most common pattern observed among e-cigarette users — appeared to be more dangerous than using either product alone.

The research team also found that the use of electronic cigarettes everyday can nearly double the odds of a heart attack.

“Most adults who use e-cigarettes continue to smoke cigarettes. While they may think they are reducing their health risks, we found that the heart attack risk of e-cigarettes adds to the risk of smoking cigarettes,” said senior author Stanton Glantz, Professor at University of California, San Francisco (UCSF).

E-cigarettes deliver aerosol of nicotine and other flavours by heating a liquid, and are promoted as a safer alternative to conventional cigarettes, which generate the nicotine aerosol by burning tobacco.

The study found that while e-cigarettes deliver lower level of carcinogens than conventional cigarettes, they deliver both ultrafine particles (about 1/50 the size of human hair) and other toxins that have been linked to cardiovascular and non-cancer lung disease risks.

e-cigarette
The research team also found that the use of electronic cigarettes everyday can nearly double the odds of a heart attack. Pixabay

For the study, the team involved 69,452 people. The participants were asked if they had ever used e-cigarettes and/or cigarettes, and whether they had ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had a heart attack.

Among the 9,352 current and former e-cigarette users, 333 (3.6 per cent) had experienced a heart attack at some point, with the highest percentage (6.1 per cent) among those who used e-cigarettes daily.

Also Read- Australia Bans Chinese Tech Huawei From Selling 5G Tech Over Security Concerns

In the study, a quarter of the 2,259 people who currently used e-cigarettes were former smokers of conventional cigarettes and about 66 per cent of current e-cigarette users were also current cigarette smokers.

However, the research also reported some good news if smokers quit.

“The risk of heart attack starts to drop immediately after you stop smoking. Our results suggest the same is true when they stop using e-cigarettes,” Glantz mentioned. (IANS)