Wednesday December 11, 2019

DASH Diet May Reduce Depression Risk

People in the two groups that followed the DASH diet most closely were less likely to develop depression than people in the group that did not follow the diet closely

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Depression

People who eat vegetables, fruits, and whole grains to reduce hypertension may also have lower rates of depression over time, a new study suggests.

The study found that people whose diets adhered more closely to the “Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension” (DASH) diet was less likely to develop depression than people who did not closely follow the diet.

Dash diets emphasize on receiving a proper amount of food and nutrients like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains along with low or fat-free dairy, fish, poultry, beans, seeds, and nuts.

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“Depression is common in older adults and more frequent in people with memory problems, vascular risk factors such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol, or people who have had a stroke,” said co-author Laurel Cherian, from the Rush University Medical Centre in Chicago.

Depression
For the study, people were monitored for symptoms of depression such as being bothered by things that usually didn’t affect them and feeling hopeless about the future.

For the study, to be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 70th Annual Meeting in Los Angeles, 964 participants with an average age of 81 were evaluated yearly for an average of six-and-a-half years.

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They also filled out questionnaires about how often they ate various foods.

Participants were divided into three groups based on how closely they adhered to the diets.

People in the two groups that followed the DASH diet most closely were less likely to develop depression than people in the group that did not follow the diet closely.

The odds of becoming depressed over time was 11 percent lower among the top group of DASH adherers versus the lowest group. On the other hand, the more closely people followed a western diet — a diet that is high in saturated fats and red meats and low in fruits and vegetables — the more likely they were to develop depression. (IANS)

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High Fibre Diet Can Cut The Risk of Diabetes, Hypertension: Study

The researchers found a high fibre diet is inversely related to cardiovascular risk factors and plays a protective role against cardiovascular disease

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Fibre Diet
According to guidelines from the National Institute of Nutrition and the Indian Council of Medical Research, the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for Fibre Diet is 40gm/2000kcal. Pixabay

Indian researchers have found that patients with hypertension and Type 2 diabetes who consumed a high Fibre diet witnessed an improvement in their blood pressure, cholesterol and fasting glucose.

For the study, the research team from Care Well Heart and Super Specialty Hospital in Amritsar, investigated the relationship between a high fibre diet and its impact on cardiovascular disease risk factors.

“Comprehensive evaluation of etiological effects of dietary factors on cardiometabolic outcomes, their quantitative effects and corresponding optimal intakes are well-established,” said the study’s lead author Rohit Kapoor.

According to guidelines from the National Institute of Nutrition and the Indian Council of Medical Research, the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for dietary fibre is 40gm/2000kcal.

Patients in this study had Type 2 diabetes and a calorie intake of 1,200-1,500kcal, causing their RDA for fibre to be 24-30gm.

The fibre intake of these patients was increased up to 20 to 25 per cent from the recommended allowances for them to be consuming a high fibre diet.

The study tracked 200 participants’ fibre intake for six months and included check-ups at the start of the study, three months and six months.

Participants were provided with diet prescriptions, which included detailed lists of different food groups with portion sizes in regional languages.

Fibre Diet
Indian researchers have found that patients with hypertension and Type 2 diabetes who consumed a high Fibre Diet witnessed an improvement in their blood pressure, cholesterol and fasting glucose. Pixabay

The researchers tracked participants’ fibre intake several ways, including having patients send photos of their meals on WhatsApp, which not only helped in knowing their fibre intake but also helped approximate portion sizes, and telephone calls three times a week during which detailed dietary recall was taken.

Participants on a high fibre diet experienced significant improvement in several cardiovascular risk factors, including a nine per cent reduction in serum cholesterol, 23 per cent reduction in triglycerides, 15 per cent reduction of systolic blood pressure and a 28 per cent reduction of fasting glucose.

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The researchers found a high fibre diet is inversely related to cardiovascular risk factors and plays a protective role against cardiovascular disease. (IANS)