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Hinduism's concept of death lies on the basis that it believes that the soul is immortal and imperishable. The soul is merely part of a body, which temporarily and eventually comes to an end. Thus, the Sanskrit word for death, "dehanta," means "the end of the body" but not the end of life. Hinduism holds a strong belief in the rebirth and reincarnation of souls based upon their karma, it believes that every thought and action has its repercussions; a soul becomes what it does. Thus, unless the soul achieves moksha and becomes one with the supreme i.e., the universe neither life nor life is permanent. They are both illusions for the soul to keep walking towards self-knowledge.
It is interesting to note the parallel of this Hinduism belief in science as similar to Hinduism belief that souls (life energy of beings) are immortal and can't be destroyed, science states, "Energy can neither be created nor destroyed."
The Rig Veda defines death as:
When he goes on the path that leads away from the breath of life.
Then he will be led by the will of the gods
May your eye go to the sun, your life's breath to the wind
Go to the sky or the earth, as is your nature.
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There are four courses that a soul may follow after death.
The first course, Devayana
Devayana is the realm of lights. Those who follow the way of the gods are the spiritually advanced soul who led the life of extreme purity and wholeheartedly devoted the Brahman ascent to return to god. They go to the Brahmaloka, the apex of heaven to attain liberation. This path leads the soul to the Brahman and it attains liberation from the cycle of rebirths.
The second course, Pitriyana
The soul returns to the cycle of rebirth on the earth as they still hold earthly desires.Unsplash
Pitriyana means the path of darkness, the souls who follow the ways of their ancestors walk on this path. It is followed by the ritualists who have cherished a desire for the results of their charity, austerity, worship, and vows. They receive joy and happiness as a reward for their good actions. However, they are returned to the cycle of rebirth on the earth as they still hold earthly desires within self.
The third course, Hell
Souls who led impure lives and performed actions that are forbidden in the scriptures. They are reborn as sub-human species as punishment for their bad karma. After atoning for their evil deeds, they are reborn in human bodies as a chance to lead a pure life to achieve enlightenment and be free from the endless cycle of birth.
The fourth course
Souls who are extremely dreadful in their thoughts and actions walk on this path. They are reborn multiple times as insignificant creatures like mosquitoes and fleas. And eventually, after repenting for their evil actions, they return to earth in human bodies to walk the path of goodness.
ALSO READ: Karma cycle: From Helpless to Wise
When a soul assumes a human body, it takes up the thread of spiritual evolution of its previous human birth and continues to evolve toward Self-knowledge. The souls that have attained spiritual enlightenment before death or upon death, their souls are absorbed in Brahman, and the elements of their body-mind complex, their life energy finally returns to their source.
Keywords: Hinduism, death, afterlife, karma, enlightenment, the cycle of rebirth, eternal soul
Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Saturday asked the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) to prevent dumping of toxic wastes in India. Speaking at an event to celebrate DRI's 64th foundation day, Sitharaman lauded DRI's compact strength of about 800 officers for their relentless efforts despite the imminent risks. The Finance Minister stated that the officers may be keeping a low profile, but they are acting like the frontline defence forces, doing spectacular work in safeguarding the economic frontiers of the country. "The recent smuggling attempts of huge quantities of narcotics, gold, red sanders, ivory, cigarettes etc. unearthed by DRI were appreciated by the Finance Minister," the Ministry of Finance said in a statement.
"Sitharaman said that the message through such enforcement actions should be such that these acts of brazen attempts at smuggling are nipped in the bud," the statement added. The Finance Minister also said that better coordination among the law enforcement and intelligence gathering agencies and sharing of actionable intelligence are the way forward in protecting the frontiers of the country more efficiently. "Sitharaman also asked the DRI to focus on interdicting dual use technology items as well as preventing the dumping of toxic wastes in our country," the statement said. (IANS/ MBI)
(Keywords: Directorate of Revenue Intelligence, Nirmala Sitharaman, India, Toxic Wastes)
Tech giant Amazon has expanded the sound detection capabilities of Alexa along with more features. Alexa can now identify the sounds of running water and appliances beeping, reports Android Central. This means users can set up an Alexa routine to notify themselves when the washer beeps to indicate that laundry is finished, the report said.
When Alexa detects that the faucet has been left open, it will send users a notification as well so they can take appropriate action, it added. Amazon previously said at its event in September that it would add the ability to programme Alexa to recognise custom sounds, but that feature has yet to arrive. Having said that, the two new sound detection capabilities not only help users save energy, but they also make it easier to avoid paying for unnecessary charges on your home utilities, the report said.
The retail giant has also announced ultrasound motion detection, which will allow you to set up "Occupancy Routines" on additional Echo devices. This feature allows your smart speaker to detect nearby motion and initiate a routine, such as turning on the lights. It is compatible with many of the best Alexa speakers including the 4th-gen Echo, Echo Dot and Echo Dot with Clock. (IANS/ MBI)
(Keywords: laundry, appliances, beeping, running water, Sound, Alexa , Amazon)
By Olivia Sarkar
Comforting Christmas cocktails help you enjoy the celebrations and get into the festive spirit. The Leela Palaces, Hotels, and Resorts offer distinctive cocktails ranging from Hot Toddies to Decadent Egg Nogs. Sit back and enjoy one martini at a time to make the festive season a little brighter.
Dirty Chai Eggnog:
30 ml Bourbon
30 ml Baileys
90 ml Hot milk tea
Sweet cream foam to top up
Cinnamon powder and star anise.
1. In a heavy bottomed med sauce pot, prepare tea with milk. Strain and let it cool.
2. In a cocktail shaker add egg white, Bourbon, Baileys with whole spices. Shake well.
3. Pour the tea in the glass followed by ingredients from cocktail shaker.
4. Garnish with nutmeg and cinnamon powder, whole star anise
Eggnog is a Christmas favourite that is accustomed to toasts for good health and prosperity.| Pikist
Inspired by the Christmas Spirits and holiday flavours is a wonderful concoction of warm whisky, sweet vanilla, and thick butter.
45 ml Butter fat washed Whiskey
20 ml Ginger bread syrup
15 ml Spiced Apple liquor
2 dashes of Bitters
1/2 teaspoon Vanilla extract
1. Pour all ingredients into a cocktail shaker
2. Shake well
3. Pour into an old-fashioned glass
4. Garnish with Gingerbread cookie
Inspired by the Christmas Spirits and holiday flavors is a wonderful concoction of warm whisky, sweet vanilla, and thick butter. | Flickr
(Keywords: Santa's Apple, Egg Nogs, December, Cocktail, Cocktail, Christmas, holiday, celebrations)