Sunday December 8, 2019

Deficiency of Vitamin D in Body Can Lead to Muscle Weakness

Maintaining muscle function is incredibly important, and often overlooked, in promoting healthy ageing

0
//
Muscle
Based on more complex statistical analysis, the study showed that vitamin D deficiency significantly increased the likelihood of impaired Muscle strength and performance. Pixabay

Vitamin D deficiency may lead to poor skeletal Muscle function in adults aged 60 years and over, suggests new research.

Maintaining skeletal muscle function throughout life is a crucial component of successful ageing, in promoting independence, mobility, quality of life and reducing falls and frailty.

While resistance exercise is known to preserve muscle function, there is growing evidence that adequate vitamin D status may also be protective.

“Our results show that vitamin D deficiency increased the likelihood of poor muscle function in older adults and confirms the protective effect of physical activity,” said one of the study authors Maria O’Sullivan, Associate Professor in Nutrition at Trinity College Dublin in Ireland.

“Maintaining muscle function is incredibly important, and often overlooked, in promoting healthy ageing. Addressing this through multimodal approaches that incorporate physical activity, reversing vitamin D deficiency and other modifiable diet and lifestyle components require further investigation,” O’Sullivan said.

The findings are based on the analysis of data from over 4,000 adults aged 60 years and over, from the English Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSA).

The prevalence of muscle weakness was twice as high among older adults with vitamin D deficiency compared with vitamin D adequacy, showed the findings published in the international journal Clinical Interventions in Ageing.

Muscle
Vitamin D deficiency may lead to poor skeletal Muscle function in adults aged 60 years and over, suggests new research. Pixabay

Similarly, impaired “muscle performance” was three times higher in older adults with vitamin D deficiency compared with vitamin D adequacy.

Based on more complex statistical analysis, the study showed that vitamin D deficiency significantly increased the likelihood of impaired muscle strength and performance.

ALSO READ: Xiaomi Patents New Smartphone With Dual-Display, Quad Camera

The study confirmed the associated benefits of physical activity. Older adults partaking in regular moderate physical activity had significantly lower likelihood of poor muscle strength and physical performance. (IANS)

Next Story

Here are Ways to Protect your Bones as you Age

Here's how to protect your bones as you age

0
Bones
Here are ways to take care of your bones and improve your bone health as you age. Lifetime Stock

The skeleton system of our body plays a vital role throughout our lifetime. It acts as pillar of support for our body’s framework and protects our vital organs. Additionally, bones help in storing minerals like calcium and phosphorous, as well as support the muscles for locomotion. From birth to old age our bones go through series of changes.

By the age of 30, the bone mass density reaches its peak. After which it tends to lose more bone mass than it is deposited. Osteoporosis is a frequently occurring condition developed by people as they grow old. In this condition, bones become weak and fragile. Consequently, it becomes difficult to heal a broken bone after an osteoporotic fracture.

According to statistics, adult population above the age of 50 tends to break their bones easily. Where it is seen, 1 in 2 women and 1 in 4 men fracture their bones due to osteoporosis. Hence, it is important to take care of our bones from young to old age.

Skeleton bones
By the age of 30, the bone mass density reaches its peak. Lifetime Stock

There are certain risk factors which may act as a catalyst for accelerating osteoporosis early. Lack of vitamin D and calcium in diet, lack of physical activity, being underweight, smoking and drinking, irregular hormonal levels and intake of certain medications are some common examples of risk factors.

The risk factors increase the vulnerability of osteoporosis as we age. Dr Harish Ghoota, Additional Director-Orthopaedics, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad shares the following steps to incorporate in your lifestyle to better bone health:

  • Incorporating food and drinks rich in calcium and vitamin D is a good step. For example, low-fat dairy, tofu, soy milk, green leafy vegetables, leguminous pulses, salmon and nuts are good sources for calcium. Exposing one’s body to sunlight for 10-15 minutes twice or thrice a week acts as a good source for vitamin D. Food products like fortified milk and cereals, salmon, tuna, shrimp and oysters are also good sources for vitamin
  •  Indulging in regular exercise for minimum half an hour keeps the muscles and bones strong. Strength building, weight training exercises and dancing are one of the best ways to keep fit and healthy bones
  • Avoid tobacco and alcohol abuse. According to medical advice, women should not consume more than one drink per day and men should not consume more than two drinks per day
  • With increasing age, regular bone density tests and health check-ups with doctors helps prevent excessive bone density loss.
    Exercise bones
    Exercising everyday is beneficial for your bones. Lifetime Stock

    Taking care of your bones from a young age becomes essential to prevent poor bone health. During childhood and adolescent years, bones rapidly grow. These form crucial years for developing good bone health. Proper balanced diet with increased intake of calcium rich foods and minimum one hour of physical exercise everyday helps to maintain good bone health. Additionally, adults after 30 years of age must integrate healthy lifestyle practices. These activities help to prevent poor bone health after the age of 30:

  • Exercising daily for 30 minutes least
  • Being cautious from falls or accidents
  • Going for regular check-ups
  • Regular bone density tests. Especially, after age of 50 with a fractured bone

Also Read- 6 DIY Home Decor Ideas and Tips for Indian Homes

  • Additional intake of calcium and vitamin D over the age of 50
  • Regular medication, if prescribed by doctor, for bone density
  • Periodic Dexa scan test for high risk or vulnerable patients. (IANS)