Never miss a story

Get subscribed to our newsletter


×
A third of those who survive a stroke are left with severe and chronic disabilities. Unsplash

Time is brain when it comes to the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. For every minute of delay in seeking treatment for a stroke, 1.9 million neurons die. In cases with completed reperfusion in acute ischemic stroke, 1.2 billion neurons die. A third of those who survive a stroke are left with severe and chronic disabilities.

There are three levels of disabilities that could impact an individual affected by a stroke:


Physical Impairment

Those who suffer from a major stroke tend to have significant disabilities. In those with dominant brain strokes (left side in most individuals), along with the weakness on the right side, they have residual language issues (difficulty in comprehending or expression) and in the majority, swallowing issues. Some posterior circulation strokes (affecting the back area of your brain) can cause vision changes (Hemianopia), gait imbalance, and at times, swallowing difficulty. There may be issues with bladder and bowel control as well.

Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news.

Cognitive Impairment

Cognition and memory abnormality is seen commonly after a major stroke or those involving strategic areas of the brain. Up to 30 percent stroke, survivors can have lasting cognitive impairment leading to dementia in the years to come.

Emotional and Behavioural Impairment

The dependence on seeking help with basic functions can lead to frustration and embarrassment. In addition, those who are disabled by stroke often feel guilty and anxious about being dependent on others. Stroke can also lead to emotional outbursts which can be distressing for both the patient and their caregiver.

Follow NewsGram on Facebook to stay updated.

Early stroke rehabilitation is important after an acute stroke. Depending on the dominant disability

(weakness, loss of coordination, swallowing problems, bladder bower control, or emotional/ cognition deficits), exercise regimes are planned. Apart from the severity of the residual disability, successful Stroke Rehabilitation is also dependent on the patient’s mood and motivation and also support from friends and family.


Recovering from a Stroke can take time, leaving them frustrated. However, a good rehabilitation program, a motivated patient, and support from the family will help overcome these hurdles. Unsplash

Stroke rehabilitation should start in the hospital inpatient rehabilitation unit, on discharge in the outpatient unit and eventually, home-based programs should be planned. The duration and frequency of these exercises depend on the nature and severity of the disability.

Follow NewsGram on Instagram to keep yourself updated.

What is involved in Stroke Rehabilitation?

Improvement of Physical Function

Motor skill exercises- These are aimed to improve limb muscle strength, coordination, and also swallowing exercises. The physiotherapist can take the help of technology to improve motor function in selected muscles: use of a computer or video games to simulate real-life situations like cooking, picking up objects from the floor, or crossing the road, to help train the brain better. Some centers use robotic devices that assist impaired limbs to perform repetitive action and help in regaining lost function. Functional electric stimulation is used commonly to stimulate weakened muscles. The use of an ankle or knee brace and the use of walking aids like walkers or canes add to gait stability during therapy. An interesting concept used is �Constraint-Induced Therapy’. Here the unaffected limb is restrained and the patient is encouraged to use the affected limb to help recover lost function in that limb.

Cognition and Psychological Treatment

Speech and cognitive therapy are aimed at improving memory, problem-solving, and judgment. A trained Psychologist is an integral part of this rehabilitation that helps the patient get adjusted to their disability, and also keep them motivated for rehabilitation.

Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: दुनिया सुनेगी अब पन्ना के ‘हीरे’ की कहानी

Medication

Patients need to be reassessed periodically for stiffness in the limbs or use of anti-depressants to improve outcomes from the rehabilitation program.

Also Read: Connaught Place Witnesses Dull Business During Diwali

In most individuals, recovering from a Stroke can take time, leaving them frustrated. However, a good rehabilitation program, a motivated patient, and support from the family will help overcome these hurdles. (IANS)


Popular

Designer Payal Singhal launched her first ever shop in New Delhi at Aza, Ambawatta One, Mehrauli.| Photo by Hannah Morgan on Unsplash (Photo used for representation)

By IANSlife

Designer Payal Singhal launched her first ever shop in New Delhi at Aza, Ambawatta One, Mehrauli. At this new location, she also unveiled "Suroor" her Winter Festive' 2021 collection for Women that stays true to the brand's DNA of deconstructing and reimagining traditional Indian silhouettes for the modern aesthete.

The collection is replete with hybrid lehenga with cut-outs, sharara sets, kaftan kurtas and anarkalis; all enhanced with intricate mukaish, zardozi, gota, nakshi, pitta and mirror work. Statement yokes, the latest take on the House's signature back-tie choli, and a new burst of #PSPrints are also an integral part of the collection. For the first time, Payal has worked with bandhanis developed in Jaipur, but with her inimitable twist - using the technique on tussar instead of silks. (IANS/ MBI)


Keep Reading Show less
Photo by Wikimedia Commons

Today marks the 114th birth anniversary of Harivansh Rai Bachchan, a renowned Indian poet. He is popularly known for his poem ‘Madhushala’.

Today marks the 114th birth anniversary of Harivansh Rai Bachchan, a renowned Indian poet. He is popularly known for his poem ‘Madhushala’.

Early life of Harivansh Rai Bachchan

Keep Reading Show less
unsplash

The new master plan extends from the Ring Road

The Yogi Adityanath government in Uttar Pradesh is setting up industrial corridors along both sides of Lucknow-Faizabad-Gorakhpur four-lane national highway within the 65 km periphery of the Ayodhya Development Authority's (ADA) jurisdiction.

The industry hub, spread over 100 acres, will form part of Ayodhya Master Plan-2031 that is being prepared by the ADA.

According to ADA Vice Chairman Vishal Singh, the master plan is expected to be finalised next month and will be sent for state government's approval.

Follow NewsGram on Facebook to stay updated.

Keep reading... Show less