Thursday September 20, 2018

Dental Cavities To Be Treated With Natural Products Now

Natural products to treat the dental cavities soon!

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A picture of a person's teeth.
Teeth. Pixabay
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If you dread paying a visit to the dentist, here’s some good news. Researchers have designed a convenient and natural product that could rebuild teeth and cure dental cavities without today’s costly and uncomfortable treatments.

The new biogenic dental product uses the body’s own natural tooth-forming proteins to rebuild tooth enamel and treat dental cavities, according to the study published in the journal ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering.

“Remineralisation guided by peptides is a healthy alternative to current dental health care,” said lead author Mehmet Sarikaya, Professor at the University of Washington, Seattle.

A child at a dental care center.
Dentist along with her patient. Pixabay

“Peptide-enabled formulations will be simple and would be implemented in over-the-counter or clinical products,” Sarikaya added.

Although tooth decay is relatively harmless in its earliest stages, once the cavity progresses through the tooth’s enamel, serious health concerns arise.

If left untreated, it may result in severe tooth loss and cause adverse consequences on the remaining teeth, which also includes life-threatening conditions.

According to the World Health Organisation, dental cavities affect nearly every age group and they are accompanied by serious health concerns.

Also Read: Poor Dental Health can Lead to Obesity in Children

To find a way to repair the tooth enamel, the researchers captured the essence of amelogenin — a protein crucial to forming the hard crown enamel — and designed amelogenin-derived peptides that help in restoring the mineral structure found in native tooth enamel.

The bio-inspired repair process restores the mineral structure found in native tooth enamel, the study said.

“These peptides are proven to bind onto tooth surfaces and recruit calcium and phosphate ions,” said Deniz Yucesoy, a co-author and a doctoral student at the University of Washington.

A patient for a regular check up of their teeth.
Dental Care.

The peptide-enabled technology allows the deposition of 10 to 50 micrometers of new enamel on the teeth after each use.

Once fully developed, the researchers believe that the technology can be used in both private and public health settings, in biomimetic toothpaste, gels, solutions and composites as a safe alternative to existing dental procedures and treatments. IANS

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Study: Drinking and Smoking can cause Problems to the Dental Fillings

Failure of Dental fillings in smokers and alcohol drinkers.

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Smoking causes failure of Dental fillings
Smoking causes failure of Dental fillings. Pixabay
  • Indulging in smoking or drinking alcohol may not only damage your teeth but also lead to increased incidences of failure in dental fillings, warned researchers.

The findings, led by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh, showed that within two years of the dental procedure, Dental fillings failed more often in patients who drank alcohol, while the overall filling failure rate was higher in men who smoked.

Furthermore, people with a difference in the gene for matrix metalloproteinase (MMP2) — an enzyme found in teeth — were at increased risk of Dental filling failure.

This could be because MMP2 might be able to degrade the bond between the filling and the tooth surface, potentially leading to failure, the researchers said.

The results, published in the journal Frontiers in Medicine, suggest that genetic analysis might help dentists to personalize treatments for their patients, which could lead to improved outcomes.

“A better understanding of individual susceptibility to dental disease and variation in treatment outcomes will allow the dental field to move forward,” said Alexandre Vieira, a researcher from the varsity.

“In the future, genetic information may be used to personalize dental treatments and enhance treatment outcomes,” Vieira added.

For the study, the team from America and Brazil analyzed dental records of 807 patients.
Fillings can fail for a variety of reasons, including re-emergence of the initial tooth decay or the filling becoming detached.

The researchers also examined if newer composite resin Dental fillings are as durable as traditional amalgam fillings, which have been in use for more than 150 years but which contain mercury, a toxic metal.

The researchers found that overall, there were no major differences between patients receiving amalgam or composite Dental fillings in terms of filling failure rates. (IANS)