Tuesday October 23, 2018
Home Lead Story Despite &#821...

Despite ‘Donald Trump effect’, global momentum gained on climate change

Environmental advocates believe that, amidst the shadow of the US decision, 2017 has seen progress in new climate action.

0
//
60
Despite Trump pulling out of Climate Agreement, the issue is still gaining momentum globally. Pixabay
Despite Trump pulling out of Climate Agreement, the issue is still gaining momentum globally. Pixabay
Republish
Reprint
  • Trump pulled out of 2015’s Paris Climate  Change Agreement, earlier this year.
  • Despite, Trump puling out, the issue of climate change is still gaining global momentum.
  • After the US pulled its funds out, European union is now providing a fund of 9 million euros.

The Trump administration’s decision earlier this year to pull out of the historic 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, saying the Obama-era deal was an attempt to diminish the US economy and take jobs away, has not stopped incredible global momentum to curb global warming.

Paris summit
Obama’s was an attempt to diminish the US economy and take jobs away.

Environmental advocates believe that, amidst the shadow of the US decision, 2017 has seen progress in new climate action, ranging from the World Bank announcing it won’t fund upstream oil and gas projects after 2019 to a range of commitments from brown to green investments by companies joining the Global Big Shift campaign.In a major initiative, the World’s No.1 polluter, China, this week announced plans to start a market-based carbon-trading system, initially in over 1,700 power-generating firms, to keep global warming within 1.5 degrees Celsius and aiming to cut greenhouse gases from burning fossil fuels.

Taking the lead, French President Emmanuel Macron this month called “The One Planet” summit in Paris — the birthplace of the Paris Agreement — to mark its second anniversary, to speed up development of decarbonisation pathways by nations and to do something serious about climate mitigation and adaptations.

Observers say the summit was both a celebration of the historic achievement of the Paris Agreement and an opportunity for the countries that are willing to go further and faster in transitioning their economies to demonstrate the action they are taking.

“President Macron deserves a lot of credit for marking the second anniversary of the Paris Agreement by getting world leaders together. The climate challenge needs more than a single champion, but President Macron is certainly doing his bit,” British charity Christian Aid’s Senior Climate Change Advisor, Mohamed Adow, told IANS.

At The One Planet summit, more than 200 civil society organisations from nearly 60 countries released a letter calling on multilateral development banks, including the World Bank Group, and G20 governments to end public financial support for fossil fuels by 2020 at the latest.

With the US government withdrawing funds to deal with climate change, such as the $2 billion pledge to the Green Climate Fund, the European Union announced nine billion euro climate finance contribution at The One Planet summit to achieve climate goals.

In a related announcement at the summit, 225 of the most influential global institutional investors, with more than $26.3 trillion in assets under management, launched a new collaborative initiative to engage with the world’s largest corporate greenhouse gas emitters to step up action on climate change.

The Paris gathering took place less than a month after the successful conclusion of the UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn (COP-23) in November and was the first in a series of international summits to help countries to raise the bar and bolster their national climate action plans — crucial to achieving the Paris Agreement’s goals.

Interestingly, Trump is continuing support to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, one of the most successful international environmental treaties that celebrated its 30th anniversary in Montreal last month.

Trump still supporting Montreal protocol, though. VOA
Trump still supporting Montreal protocol, though. VOA

India, a signatory to the Protocol since 1992, has been proactive in compliance and played a key role in achieving the historic Kigali Amendment last year for phasing down hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), powerful greenhouse gases that contribute to global climate change.

The parties to the Montreal Protocol committed $540 million for the developing nations during the joint 11th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention and the 29th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol that were held in Canada last month.

And the US alone will take a nearly 25 per cent share of the total funding.

“We’ve seen incredible support for the Kigali Amendment, and much of this is due to the fact that we’ve also had strong support from businesses,” UN Environment head Erik Solheim told IANS.

“The process is proceeding very well and financial support for the mechanism has also been very strong. As such, I’m optimistic that this trend will continue,” Solheim added.

Climate change has been emerging as one of the biggest issues in recent times.
Climate change has been emerging as one of the biggest issues in recent times.

At the UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn, India reiterated provisions for finance — both for adaptation and mitigation – and technology transfer for climate actions from the developed nations.A day after a major victory for India and developing countries on climate action before 2020 that the developed world agreed to discuss in subsequent two years, Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Harsh Vardhan told IANS that provisions for finance, technology transfer and capacity-building support to developing nations are critical.

Stressing that COP-23 was crucial as it would set the stage for the 2018 Facilitative Dialogue, accelerate pre-2020 action and firm up the modalities for implementing the Paris Agreement, he said India has undertaken ambitious mitigation and adaptation action.

The Centre for Science and Environment’s Deputy Director, Chandra Bhushan, however, believes this year was a damp squib as far as global environmental negotiations and actions are concerned.

“There is a big gap between the global action required and the collective action of countries to address issues like climate change. In 2017, this gap was further widened with the withdrawal of the US from the Paris Agreement; 2017, therefore, was a damp squib as far as global environmental negotiations and actions were concerned,” Bhushan, who was given the Partnership Award by UN Environment last month for providing policy and research support to the negotiations during the Kigali Amendment, told IANS. IANS

Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2018 NewsGram

Next Story

How To Score Maximum Marks In Chemistry In NEET Examination

Do not panic on the day of the examination. Too much stress often leads to mistake and confusion.

0
NEET
The main thing you need to keep in mind while preparing for such competitive exams is that you need to be accurate. Flickr

NEET Examination is organized every year for the students who aspire to study graduate medical courses like MBBS, BHMS, BAMS, and BDS in the prestigious medical colleges of India.

The NEET paper consists of three sections Physics, Chemistry, and Biology; with a total of 720 marks- of which 50% weight is given to biology, and rest 25% to each of physics and chemistry. Nowadays, more than 3000 students secure over 600+ marks; which means the students have good command over all the three sections. So, you need to be well enough in all the three papers to secure a good rank in NEET exam, and by putting a little extra effort one can turn their dreams to the reality of securing a seat in top medical colleges.

NEET
Be consistent in your studies. Have faith in yourself. Plan your preparation well and execute it diligently. Flickr

Chemistry being one of the top scoring subjects, an aspirant can maximize the chances of getting good rank by dedicating additional time to this subject, during their preparation. First thing that you need to do is to go through the NCERT textbooks of XI and XII and while doing you have to know how to read between the lines. This will help you clear the basic concepts and cover every topic which is considered important from the NEET point of view. If you manage to gain good command over the NCERTs, then you can start reading some high-level books like Modern’s ABC book of chemistry, Concise inorganic Chemistry by JD LEE etc. Avoid being selective. Read the topics included in the syllabus thoroughly and remember the formulas. Remembering the formulae will help to answer the question that are directly asked which in turn will save your time, and by doing so you can give your time to the questions that are

The main thing you need to keep in mind while preparing for such competitive exams is that you need to be accurate. This is because, for every correct answer you will score +4 against a negative marking of -1 for every wrong answer. So accuracy is a must to score good marks in your paper.

How to maintain accuracy:

The first thing you need to do is to cover your entire syllabus. Highlight the topics which seem to be little difficult for you. Set a target and try to complete that target daily. Say, you can fix the target like, you will solve n number of questions from this topic daily until and unless you are confident enough that you can answer every question is asked from that part. Analyze the previous year papers and note down the pattern. You can join a test series and attempt mock test regularly, watch videos and lectures on the internet. Plan your activities in such a way that you complete the entire syllabus a month or two before the date of exam. This will boost your confidence.

NEET
NEET 2017 Examination: Eligibility criteria for 15 percent All India . Flickr

Practice the numerical from physical chemistry and derivations has to be practiced multiple times. Remember each and every point from inorganic part as most questions are directly asked from that part. In organic chemistry, understand the mechanism and practice them a number of times. Follow these steps and you will for sure get 130+ in Chemistry.

During the examination, avoid attempting the questions from the topics which you are not sure of and attempt these questions only when your total attempt count is low. Along with this, you have to be quick while answering the questions, as the duration of the examination is 180 minutes and you need to solve a total of 180 questions.

Some additional tips: Be consistent in your studies. Have faith in yourself. Plan your preparation well and execute it diligently.

NEET
The NEET paper consists of three sections Physics, Chemistry, and Biology; with a total of 720 marks. Flickr

Do not panic on the day of the examination. Too much stress often leads to mistake and confusion. Do not let your hard work go in vain. So, remain calm and focused. Answer the questions with a cool head in order to avoid silly mistakes. Utilize your time wisely and you can always maximize your score.

You can also download NEET preparation app for NEET medical entrance exam. It provides free study notes, quizzes, mock test, practice set, question papers, & test series.

Good luck!!