Sunday August 18, 2019

Diabetes can hamper your reproductive health

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By NewsGram Staff Writer

Today India is facing a potential health epidemic – diabetes. Millions in India have been diagnosed with Diabetes, which earns India a place among the list of top diabetic countries in the world. It’s not just a malady that affects blood sugar level, but it has vital ramifications on the overall functioning of your body. It can lead to vision loss, gangrenes, nerve damages, heart attacks as well as cause infertility.

Alarming reports by WHO state that more than 180 million people worldwide have diabetes, and the number is likely to more than double by 2030.

How does diabetes affect your reproductive Health?

The effect of diabetes on both the male and female fertility quotient is equal. In males, diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with very subtle disorders, and affects, either directly or indirectly, various functions of the male reproductive system. The T synthesis condition is instigated by molecular deviations at the level of Leydig cells, and may lead to other disorders in all target organs and tissues, which reduces erection, causing impotence, and other libido dissociations.

It has been estimated that approximately 35–75% of men with diabetes experience, at least some degree of erectile dysfunction during their lifetime. While in the case of females, diabetes has a massive effect on reproductive health. The women with diabetes tend to have less sexual desires because of hormonal imbalances. The reproductive period of diabetic women may be reduced due to delayed menarche and premature menopause.

Diabetic females face a lot of menstrual abnormalities; hence, they need a broader evaluation, which will include the examination of the hypothalamic–pituitary–ovarian axis, along with evaluation of hormonal status, checking for the presence of autoimmune thyroid disease, antiovarian autoantibodies, and checking for hyperandrogenism. Diabetes is considered fatal for both mother and child. It can create a life and death situation for both of them when women with diabetes conceive.

How  many types Diabetes are there?

Diabetes is  mainly classified  into three types, Type1, Type2 and Gestational Diabetes. In Type 1, the pancreas produces very little or no insulin, and insulin directly controls the burning of sugar; thus, this leads to excess levels of sugar in the blood stream. This condition is commonly noticed in youth. In Type 2 diabetes, body does not produce insulin at all, leading to fertility alterations in the length of the menstrual cycle, and the age of onset of menopause and  Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that is seen or diagnosed in a pregnant woman. Obesity is a general problem in both PCOS-affected women and women with Type 2 diabetes. Experts say  that an overweight lady seeking gestation faces longer time to conceive.This is unrelated to age and to cyclic variations. If you are trying to conceive and are diabetic, it is always advised to plan your pregnancy; otherwise it can result in complications.

Working out should be an integral part of daily life.It is recommended that there has to be  at least 150 minutes of physical activity in a week. It can be a 10-minute brisk walk a day or anything like that.

Healthy food is also very significant, but keeping a check on diet never means to eat less. Eating less poses a threat of lowering down of blood sugar level drastically and suddenly,which can be risky.

Another thing that every  woman with diabetes must  follow, is to be in constant touch with your doctor before and during gestation. As, for a diabetic person, medication differs in both the phases; also, keeping an account of blood sugar is mandatory.

So, If you are diabetic and are trying to conceive, but still have not been able to, please consult a doctor immediately.

Mr. Yogesh Vaidya, founder and Chairman of Ivfgurus.com says,“We get a lot of patients who are suffering from diabetes and have failed to conceive, despite being in constant touch with the doctors; as diabetes and pregnancy don’t go well together. We refer them to appropriate doctors as per their medical condition based on what suits them best, for both health and pocket”

Dr. Ruchi Malhotra, Managing director of Fertile solutions IVF & Research Center, says, “Diabetes is a tough disease and also, apart from  medication, diet and physical exercise, one more important thing that is required, is emotional strength. Diabetic patients tend to have more mood swings, in the case of fertility  issues, it is  very difficult for them to keep calm. We always take special care of a diabetic patient’s emotional needs, as it affects the pregnancy directly “.

If multiple trials and constant doctors consult for having a little angel in your life have failed, please do not get disheartened, because science has progressed considerably, and IVF has been discovered long back in 1986. By IVF procedures, it is possible to successfully conceive and have your own child biologically.

Next Story

Study: Intake of Dietary Supplements May do More Harm than Benefit

The doctor suggested that people should include more green vegetables in their diet

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Vitamin A is known to be essential for the healthy growth and maturation of skin cells but prior studies on its effectiveness in reducing skin cancer risk have shown mixed results. Pixabay

Researchers have found that intake of some vitamins, minerals and other dietary supplements may not benefit the heart and, in some cases, may even prove to be injurious.

According to the study published in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine, supplements combining calcium and vitamin D may be linked to a slightly increased stroke risk. However, there was no evidence that calcium or vitamin D taken alone had any health risks or benefits.

“Our analysis carries a simple message that although there may be some evidence that a few interventions have an impact on death and cardiovascular health, the vast majority of multivitamins, minerals and different types of diets had no measurable effect on survival or cardiovascular disease risk reduction,” said study lead author Safi U. Khan, Assistant Professor at the West Virginia University.

For the study, the researchers used data from 277 randomised clinical trials that evaluated 16 vitamins or other supplements and eight diets for their association with mortality or heart conditions including coronary heart disease, stroke and heart attack.

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“People should focus on getting their nutrients from a heart-healthy diet, because the data increasingly show that the majority of healthy adults don’t need to take supplements,” Michos said. Wikimedia Commons

They included data gathered on 992,129 research participants worldwide. The analysis showed possible health benefits only from a low-salt diet, omega-3 fatty acid supplements and possibly folic acid supplements for some people.

“The panacea or magic bullet that people keep searching for in dietary supplements isn’t there,” said senior author of the study Erin Michos from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in the US.

“People should focus on getting their nutrients from a heart-healthy diet, because the data increasingly show that the majority of healthy adults don’t need to take supplements,” Michos said.

According to Abhishek Singh, Consultant Cardiologist at Columbia Asia Hospital in Ghaziabad, dietary supplements do not have a measurably positive impact on cardiac health.

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The doctor suggested that people should include more green vegetables in their diet. Pixabay

“It’s more important to follow a healthy dietary regimen and avoid foods that are bad for the heart. Trans fatty acids are harmful and have to be curtailed. Refined sugars and simple carbohydrates are to be kept at a minimum,” Singh told IANS.

The doctor suggested that people should include more green vegetables in their diet. They are rich in vitamin K and dietary nitrates, which help protect the arteries and reduce blood pressure, he said.

ALSO READ: Fatal Drug Overdoses Decline in US; First Drop in Two Decades

“Studies like this raise concerns about harm from calcium and Vitamin D supplement use. As far as Vitamin D supplements (without calcium) are concerned, there has been no evidence on whether it has any impact on cardiovascular disease risk reduction,” Anupama Singh, Senior Consultant, Internal Medicine at Vimhans Nayati Super Specialty Hospital in Delhi, told IANS.

“The quality of the evidence base of these various nutritional supplements and dietary interventions still needs to be evaluated to ascertain the effectiveness of the study,” she added. (IANS)