Diabetics At Increased Risk Of Lung Diseases

Diabetics also had increased pulmonary fibrosis -- a condition where the air sac in the lung becomes stiff and scarred

The researchers found that women with diabetes were 27 per cent more likely to develop cancer than women without diabetes but for men the risk was 19 per cent higher.
High calorie meal for dinner may up heart disease, diabetes risk. Pixabay

People with Type-2 diabetes may be more at risk of developing restrictive lung disease (RLD) characterized by breathlessness, than non-diabetic patients, a study has found.

“Increased breathlessness, RLD, and interstitial lung anomalies can be associated with Type-2 diabetes,” said lead author Stefan Kopf from the University Hospital Heidelberg in Germany.

Previous findings from animal experiments also show a significant connection between restrictive lung diseases and diabetes mellitus.

“We therefore suspect that lung disease is a late consequence of Type-2 diabetes,” said Peter P. Nawroth, Professor at the varsity.

The study also showed that RLD is associated with albuminuria — a condition where urinary albumin levels are elevated. This may be an indication that lung disease and kidney disease may be associated with nephropathy — diabetic kidney disease.

Previous findings from animal experiments also show a significant connection between restrictive lung diseases and diabetes mellitus.
Previous findings from animal experiments also show a significant connection between restrictive lung diseases and diabetes mellitus.(IANS)

For the study, published in the journal Respiration, the team analysed data from 110 patients with long-term Type-2 diabetes, 29 patients with newly diagnosed Type-2 diabetes, 68 patients with pre-diabetes and 48 non-diabetic patients, who were the controls.

The participants were examined for metabolic control, diabetes-related complications, breathlessness and lung function.

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The results showed that RLD was found in 27 per cent of patients with long-term Type-2 diabetes, 20 per cent in patients with newly diagnosed diabetes, and nine per cent in patients with pre-diabetes.

Further, patients with pronounced symptoms and RLD also showed CT-morphologically, a fibrosating interstitial lung disease.

Diabetics also had increased pulmonary fibrosis — a condition where the air sac in the lung becomes stiff and scarred. (IANS)