Friday April 3, 2020

Distinctive Bacteria in The Gut May Be Associated With High Blood Pressure

Gut microbiota are constantly changing, depending on what we eat, our environment and especially our genetic makeup

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Bacteria
Gut microbiota are constantly changing, depending on what we eat, our environment and especially our genetic makeup. Pixabay

Researchers, including one of Indian-origin, have identified a distinct collection of bacteria found in the gut that may contribute to and predict the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).

PAH is a chronic and progressive disease in which the arteries that supply blood to the lungs are constricted, resulting in symptoms such as shortness of breath, heart palpitations, fatigue and others.

In PAH, persistently high blood pressure in lung arteries makes the right side of the heart work too hard to pump blood, resulting in right-sided heart failure. According to the study, published in the journal Hypertension, everyone has a collection of bacteria in their gut — known as microbiota — that aid in digestion.

The researchers found that having a specific microbiota profile in their gut predicted the presence of PAH with 83 per cent accuracy.

“We showed for the first time that specific bacteria in the gut are present in people with PAH. While current PAH treatments focus on the lungs, looking at the lung/gut axis could open the door to new therapies centered in the digestive system,” said Indian-origin researcher and study lead author Mohan Raizada from University of Florida in the US.

For the study, stool samples were collected from 18 PAH patients and 12 people without a history of cardiopulmonary disease. The microbiota DNA from the stool samples were isolated and sequenced. The testing revealed a group of bacteria unique in the PAH patients that were associated with PAH.

Blood Pressure
In PAH, persistently high blood pressure in lung arteries makes the right side of the heart work too hard to pump blood, resulting in right-sided heart failure. Pixabay

According to the study, this is the first link between a specific collection of bacteria and pulmonary arterial hypertension. However, it is not the first time that gut bacteria have been connected to medical conditions. A variety of different gut microbiota profiles have been linked to a variety of cardiovascular diseases including high blood pressure, the study added.

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Gut microbiota are constantly changing, depending on what we eat, our environment and especially our genetic makeup. “However, the bacteria associated with PAH are unique and do not seem to change. We believe these particular bacteria are constant,” Raizada said. (IANS)

Next Story

Time to Make Your Immune System Stronger

10 easy steps to build a stronger immune system

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food immune system
Add some superfoods in your diet to build up your immune system. Pixabay

We often see how people around us get affected by viral infections and fevers easily; they have to keep making visits to the doctor at regular intervals.

Dr Sheryl Salis, Registered Dietician and Certified Diabetes Educator states that this is all a result of their poor immune system and shares easy ways to boost your immunity.

Salis adds, “The immune system acts as a defense mechanism against disease-causing microorganisms and protects us from all viruses and microbes that our body is exposed to daily.

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Can you imagine having no gatekeeper to fight and defend your body against various germs and microbes exposed every day? No right? Well, that’s how important it is to build a strong immune system by improving your diet and making the necessary lifestyle changes.”

Follow these ten steps to to build a strong immune system:

1. Switch/Add Morigna Green teas/Green Teas/Green Coffees for health benefits

Sip on Superfood Moringa Green tea, it is formulated to give you all the benefits of Green Tea combined with the power of the superfood Moringa. It is packed with vitamins and minerals. It is rich in vitamin C and has antioxidants properties which helps boost immunity. It helps maintain bone and joint health, helps regulate metabolism and aids in weight management.

food immune system
Vitamin C can strengthen your immune system. Pixabay

Similarly, unlike regular coffee, Green Coffee is unroasted and hence it has three times more antioxidant potential which is otherwise lost during the roasting process. It is a health booster that is high in antioxidants which helps boost immunity and aids in weight control and management.

2. Wash the Germs Away

Well, we’ve all heard this right since our school days and that’s how important it actually is. Wash all fruits and vegetables thoroughly, particularly leafy vegetables, cauliflower and broccoli as a precautionary measure before using them.

3. A Colorful Plate

Include colourful fruit and vegetables like pumpkin, bell peppers, carrots, tomatoes, papaya that add flavour to your palate. These are essentially rich in antioxidants and help you build a stronger immune system.

4. The Major Player – ‘Vitamin C’

Include foods rich in Vitamin C like orange, sweet lime, lemon, gooseberry, bell pepper, berries, tomato, dark leafy vegetables, cashew fruit, kiwi, strawberry, Brussel sprouts, broccoli, etc. which boost your immune system.

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Did you know? Amla has the highest Vit C content which is almost equal to the Vit C of two oranges. Amla has potent anti -viral and antioxidant properties. Dried amla is as good as fresh amla as it contains substances which partially protect the vitamin C from destruction on heating or drying.

5. Add Zinc to your diet

Foods rich in zinc such as nuts, whole grains, legumes, yeast, dairy products also help boost immune function and are highly recommended to be incorporated in the diet.

6. Soups with Superfoods

Soups are one of the best options for those evening hunger pangs. Soup essentially makes for the ultimate evening snack as it is not only low in calories but also gives much needed satiety. It is a convenient and nourishing option to keep you warm and agile. These days, you get instant-ready soup with superfoods; they are so nutritious that it has up to four times the protein content compared to regular soups.

food immune system
Soups with superfoods are considered to be very healthy for your immune system. Pixabay

7. Enhance Digestion and stay Hydrated

It surely helps if you use garlic, pepper, ginger, asafetida (hing), cumin seeds/powder, turmeric, moringa, lemongrass, basil, and coriander in cooking as they help enhance digestion and improve immunity. Did you know that adding black pepper to the turmeric helps in the absorption of active ingredients in turmeric? You can mix and add it to food especially soups.

8. Spice Up Your Meal

Pepper rasam and sambhar has all the essential spices and is just right to boost your immune system. Spices tend to be very helpful in building a strong defense mechanism against viral infections. Ensure to include sambhar and rasam to your meals.

9. Kill the Virus with these anti-viral foods

Garlic, Fennel, Basil, Cloves and Tulsi have anti-viral properties that help you maintain and boost your immune system whilst you stay prepared to fight the viral infections and flus

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10. Drink Healthy Juices

Try these healthy juice combinations like Beetroot + Carrot + Spinach + Amla + Ginger or Apple + Beetroot + Carrot + Ginger + Lemon + Celery. These juices not only energize you and help you maintain youthfulness but also help boost your immune system in an efficient manner.

We can boost our immune systems by adding the above mentioned foods easily available in our kitchen to build a stronger immune system without letting us compromise on our favorite meals.

Also Read- Researchers Develop AI Algorithm That Can Diagnose Skin Diseases

It is extremely important to build a strong immune system which will work in our defense during times of distress.

Stay safe and healthy! (IANS)