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Diversifying the crops in India can be an effective way to adapt its food-production systems to the growing influence of extreme climate change, said US researchers including Indian-origin.
The team studied the effects of climate change on five major crops: finger millet, maize, pearl millet, sorghum and rice which make up the vast majority of grain production during the June-to-September monsoon season in India — with rice contributing three-quarters of the grain supply for the season.
Taken together, the five grains are essential for meeting India’s nutritional needs. In a paper published in Environmental Research Letters, Kyle Davis, environmental data scientist from the Data Science Institute at Columbia University found that the yields from grains such as millet, sorghum and maize are more resilient to extreme weather.
Their yields vary significantly less due to year-to-year changes in climate and generally experience smaller declines during droughts. But yields from rice, India’s main crop, experience larger declines during extreme weather conditions.
“By relying more and more on a single crop — rice — India’s food supply is potentially vulnerable to the effects of varying climate,” said Davis, the lead author on the paper.
“Expanding the area planted with these four alternative grains can reduce variations in Indian grain production caused by extreme climate, especially in the many places where their yields are comparable to rice.
“Doing so will mean that the food supply for the country’s massive and growing population is less in jeopardy during times of drought or extreme weather,” he noted.
The co-authors on the paper are Ashwini Chhatre, Associate Professor at the Indian School of Business in Hyderabad; Narasimha D. Rao, Assistant Professor at Yale’s School of Forestry and Environmental Studies; Deepti Singh, Assistant Professor at Washington State University in Vancouver; and Ruth DeFries, University Professor of Ecology and Sustainable Development at Columbia University.
Temperatures and rainfall amounts in India vary from year-to-year and influence the amount of crops that farmers can produce.
With episodes of extreme climate such as droughts and storms becoming more frequent, it’s essential to find ways to protect India’s crop production from these shocks, according to Davis.
To reach this conclusion, the authors combined historical data on crop yields, temperature and rainfall. Data on the yields of each crop came from state agricultural ministries across India and covered 46 years (1966-2011) and 593 of India’s 707 districts.
“This study adds to the evidence that increasing the production of alternative grains in India can offer benefits for improving nutrition, for saving water, and for reducing energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture,” said Davis. (IANS)
Money Heist's (La Casa De Papel) Netflix journey concludes in December 2021 with the release of Volume 2, Season 5. Netflix released the full-length official trailer for Money Heist season 5, Volume 2 on the 3rd of November 2021. The Spanish sensation has been one of the most popular shows of the last five years, overcoming language barriers and engaging tens of millions of non-Spanish speakers worldwide. The series has resulted in a significant increase in global demand for Spanish entertainment, including numerous new Spanish-language projects.
It's been a difficult and long journey, but we can't wait to see what the last segment of Money Heist will have in store for us. The fifth and current season of "Money Heist" is set to be the final one, but Netflix chose to break it into two volumes. All of us surely want to watch volume 2 of the series but nobody wants it to end. Volume 1 of Season 5 has already been released in September 2021, and Volume 2 will be released in December 2021. A bunch of pictures from Money Heist season 5 "Volume 2" have been released by Netflix.
Money Heist's (La Casa De Papel) Netflix journey concludes in December 2021 with the release of Volume 2, Season 5. | Photo by Ayiman Mohanty on Unsplash
Money Heist season 5 “Volume 2” trailer:
The trailer begins with the professor driving away in a red car, surrounded by tones of people and we can see soldiers lining up with professors car right outside the bank of Spain. The shot is cut and we can see Denver repeating the shocking revelation from season 5's, Volume 1 – “Tokyo is dead.” Lisbon consoles Rio and comforts him. Meanwhile, Alicia Sierra, the cop, comments in on what The Professor is going through: “You see the disappointed faces of the people you failed. It's as if a javelin was hurled through your chest.”
As The Professor seems to drive away in a car, the trailer pans to the soldiers, and we can hear Sagasta (Chief of soldiers) say: “We came in here to complete a mission: put an end to this heist. And that's what we're gonna do.” The soldiers prepare to get in the bank and Palermo is heard saying: “I really doubt we're gonna get out of here.” To which Helsinki replies: “You'll get me out of here. You promised, and you'll do it.” The rest of the trailer is filled with scenes which give us short ideas about the rest of the season, giving us goose bumps and a tone of thrill, mystery, action and drama.
The end of the series will surely be an emotional moment for the fans that have a lot going on in their minds | Pixabay
There's a lot to look forward to in the last portion of Money Heist. The end of the series will surely be an emotional moment for the fans that have a lot going on in their minds, “Will Alicia Sierra betray the professor?” “Will Alicia Sierra join the team?” “Will the professor’s plan fail?” “Will Rafael (Berlin’s Son) join the heist?” “Will Tokyo end up alive?."
Keywords: Money Heist, La Casa De Papel, Berlin, Tokyo, Professor, Rio, Denver, Alicia Sierra, season 5, netflix, trailer
By Dr. Vihan Sanyal
Most teenagers use social media accounts like Facebook and Instagram these days. It keeps a person connected to friends across the globe and gives them a window into the lives of people they are connected with.
Multiple studies have shown that teenagers who use social media excessively do so because they are either bored, need an escape from their immediate physical environment, are feeling overwhelmed and stressed, are lonely, have few real-time friends or need to feel appreciated and validated.
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Using social media in moderation isn't bad. In fact, it can help boost serotonin and other feel-good chemicals in the brain and can help uplift a person's mood. Most people take a selfie of themselves and post it on social media, and feel good about themselves when people like their post and comment on it. It becomes a problem when this becomes a habit. Many people feel compelled to post photos of themselves multiple times a day and then keep checking their accounts for the number of likes they have received.
Also Read : Staying up late linked to Asthma in Teenagers
Let's now go a little deeper and see the signs a person, a parent, or a loved one can look for to differentiate between social media usage and addiction. We can safely say a person is addicted to social media when we can spot some of the following:
- If a person is thinking about and talking about social media most of the time.
- If they have formed a ritual of using social media multiple times a day
- If they are using social media instead of attending to other important things in their life.
- If they are procrastinating on other important tasks and using social media instead.
- If they get frustrated and throw anger tantrums if they are unable to use social media
- If there is a fear of missing out on "life" if they don't stay connected on social media
- If social media usage has affected their studies.
- If they keep checking their social media accounts during conversations.
- If a person avoids social events to be on social media.
- If they lie about the time they spend on social media
- If they have not been able to reduce the time they spend on social media.
Multiple studies have shown that teenagers who use social media excessively do so because they are either bored, need an escape from their immediate physical environment, are feeling overwhelmed and stressed, are lonely, have few real-time friends or need to feel appreciated and validated.Unsplash
A Few Tips For Parents
The following things parents have found to be effective in teenage social media addiction:
- Discuss the teenager's use of social media in a non-hostile and loving manner. Keep reminding them that you are coming from a place of concern for their well-being.
- Help them to plan their day and follow the set schedule.
- Set a "no mobile phone" policy at different times of the day/night. No cell phones during meal times, while watching TV, during family time and at bedtime.
- Set tasks that require a person to be busy offline.
- Enroll them in a new hobby.
- Use less of social media yourself to set an example for your teens'.
- Seek help early from a mental health professional.
The use of social media has also resulted in many teenagers globally being subjected to name-calling, harassment, embarrassment, humiliation, stalking, threats and becoming victims of fraud through social media. It has led to a spike in teenage mental health issues and even death.
If a teenager is subjected to any form of online bullying, it can leave a lasting negative impact that can stay with the individual for years to come. The power of social media, in my opinion, is not fully comprehended by many. In school, a person may be subjected to an incident of bullying or harassment, which is usually restricted to a small group of people. Negative or derogative comments about a person posted on social media reach a wider and global audience. It is also permanent, and can be seen by all. This can really damage an individual's self-esteem and level of confidence.
There is also a correlation between excessive social media usage and mental disorders like anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, ADHD, paranoia, delusions, suicidal thoughts, and self-harm. It is very important for users to keep a check on the amount of time they spend on social media. They need to recognise the signs of social media addiction and take the necessary steps quickly to ensure they do not become addicted to social media.
The use of social media has also resulted in many teenagers globally being subjected to name-calling, harassment, embarrassment, humiliation, stalking, threats and becoming victims of fraud through social media. It has led to a spike in teenage mental health issues and even death.Unsplash
How Much Time Should Someone Spend On Social Media
Studies have found that thirty minutes of social media usage helps give a boost to a person's mood, while using social media for more than two hours a day can increase the risk of developing depressive symptoms. One needs to strike a balance and use social media tools effectively. When social media platforms are used responsibly, then they become a source of enjoyment and fulfilment. They can help a person feel good about themselves, help them stay socially connected with friends globally, connect with other like-minded people, share ideas and thoughts, and stay informed of current affairs. They are also made aware of social events and have the opportunity to demonstrate their talents and skills.
What Can You Do If You Are Addicted To Social Media?
There are many effective modalities in psychotherapy that can help young adults break free from the excessive use of social media. Here are some effective tools professionals use to help people:
Counselling: Mental health counselling allows a person to explore their inner feelings and emotions in a safe and non-judgemental environment. It promotes awareness and helps a person come up with alternative options to deal with the situation.
CBT: CBT stands for Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. CBT helps a person to recognise unhelpful thoughts and the errors they are making in their thinking. A trained CBT professional help clients recognise such thoughts and help them to correct the errors they may be making in thinking. This helps to correct the behaviour and results in better moods and feelings.
Mindfulness: Mindfulness is another very effective way to help build awareness and reduce hyperactivity and restlessness. Mindfulness helps people become more grounded and cantered and recognise their feelings and emotions. Many underlying emotions are allowed to surface and be released.
It is important to connect with a mental health professional who can help in this area and help a person live a fuller and more meaningful life. Social media use and abuse has increased during the pandemic, and many are struggling to reduce time spent on social media. Sometimes it's not something a person may be able to achieve by themselves. External professional help may be required.
Keywords : social media, teenager, impact, mental health, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Tiktok, addiction, bullying, anxiety, sleeping disorders, harassment, paranoia, delusion.
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N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe
Ayurveda, as mentioned, is the science of life. It is not just a set of general suggestions but a way of living life. It consists of set practices and lifestyle habits that work to make one healthy, both physically and mentally. Additionally, the herbs and medicines as prescribed in Ayurveda, are wholly natural and retain the ability to cure most diseases without any side effects.
Ayush Agrawal, Founder and Director of Rasayanam shares some prominent herbs that are renowned for their use in matters of health and wellness are discussed as follows-
Ashwagandha - Ashwagandha, by reducing the cortisol levels, helps control anxiety and stress. Its use is significant in calming the body and psyche of an individual and also helps in regulating blood sugar and cholesterol levels. Ashwagandha is also popularly consumed as a vigor and strength supplement. Further, it aids muscle mass gain and boosts energy levels in people from all age brackets.
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Triphala - This over 1000-year-old remedy constitutes three principal ingredients of Amla, Bibhitaki, and Haritaki which are some of the most famous medicinal plants native to the country. Known for its anti-inflammatory and laxative properties, Triphala is also considered particularly helpful in preventing dental diseases and cavities as well as digestive problems. The many medicinal properties of this herb are what make it so well accepted and preached throughout the country.
Brahmi - Brahmi is primarily used for its significant impact on the brain and its functioning. It is said to improve the brain's retention and memory power as well as its spatial learning abilities. Brahmi is commonly utilized to treat and control symptoms of anxiety, stress, and ADHD. Additionally, it is also consumed to reduce inflammation and lower blood pressure levels.
Also Read : Ways to ensure Proper Nutrition in your Diet
Cumin - This wonder spice is best known for its anti-inflammatory properties. It also helps to regulate blood sugar and cholesterol levels and thereby aids weight loss. The rich antioxidant content of cumin acts to protect the skin against free radicals which in turn helps to prevent skin and heart-related diseases.
Different spices and herbs displayed on a tableUnsplash
Turmeric - Turmeric is a famously utilized Indian spice that is best known for its medicinal properties. A prime active ingredient found in turmeric is curcumin. As per the ancient Ayurvedic wisdom, curcumin works to balance the three doshas of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha in the human body. Further, it also brings relief to joint and muscle pain and tightness. Another typical usage of turmeric is to heal wounds and bruises. Lastly, it is used to prevent and alleviate symptoms of colds and sore throats.
Cardamom - Cardamom has been traditionally consumed as a mouth freshener and a remedy for dental problems. It fights off the mouth bacteria and leaves the person consuming it with a minty breath. This magic spice is also popular throughout India for its many antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties which help in lowering blood pressure levels and preventing chronic diseases such as cancer.
Bitter melon - With its rich Vitamin C content, bitter melon is considered helpful in healing wounds, preventing diseases, and assisting bone formation. It is also believed to regulate the secretion of insulin in humans and thereby aid the balancing of blood sugar levels. Lastly, bitter melon may carry weight loss properties.
Safed Musli - It is a refreshing, regenerating health tonic that is consumed in India for its several beneficial properties. Safed muesli is believed to boost immunity levels, control symptoms of chronic diseases such as arthritis and diabetes, and aid weight loss and muscle gain in individuals. Speculations have also been made with regard to the benefits of this useful herb in sexual health.
Valerian root - The Valerian roots are believed to alleviate symptoms of anxiety and stress. This they do by increasing the GABA levels in a person's body. GABA is a pacifying chemical produced in humans, and as its level increases, a person's mind becomes calmer. The roots are also packed with antioxidants that relax the body and mind and facilitate quality sleep. The valerian roots are a proven help to people who suffer from problems such as overwhelming stress, worry, or insomnia.
Herbs and spices are not only packed with medicinal benefits but are also delicious in taste and come with virtually no side effects. This quality of these items makes them extremely valuable in today's day where a large number of people suffer from some disease or the other.
Keywords : herbs, spices, health, Ayurveda, science, lifestyle, cure, disease, healthy, physically, mentally, Ashwagandha, Triphala, Brahmi, Cumin, Turmeric, Cardamom, Bitter Melon, Safed Musli, Valerian root, boost, immunity.
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