Thursday April 2, 2020

DNA Can Get Changed Due To Heavy Drinking: Study

In 2016, more than 3 million people died from the harmful use of alcohol. More than three quarters of alcohol-caused deaths were among men.

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DNA
Heavy drinking can change your DNA: Study

Are you a heavy drinker? Take note. Besides alcohol taking a toll on your health in many ways, it may also trigger a long-lasting genetic change resulting in an even greater craving for alcohol, researchers including one of Indian-origin have warned.

“We found that people who drink heavily may be changing their DNA in a way that makes them crave alcohol even more,” said Dipak K. Sarkar, Professor at Rutgers University in the US.

“This may help explain why alcoholism is such a powerful addiction, and may one day contribute to new ways to treat alcoholism or help prevent at-risk people from becoming addicted,” said Sarkar.

Hangovers might last longer than you think
Hangovers might also last longer than you think. Pixabay

For the study, researchers focused on two genes implicated in the control of drinking behaviour: PER2, which influences the body’s biological clock, and POMC, which regulates our stress-response system.

By comparing groups of moderate, binge and heavy drinkers, the team found that the two genes had changed in binge and heavy drinkers through an alcohol-influenced gene modification process called methylation, according to the findings, published in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

In addition, the binge and heavy drinkers also showed reductions in gene expression, or the rate at which these genes create proteins. These changes increased with greater alcohol intake.

Alcohol is linked with 7 cancers.

Also, in another experiment, the drinkers viewed stress-related, neutral or alcohol-related images. They were also shown containers of beer and subsequently tasted beer, and their motivation to drink was evaluated.

Results showed that alcohol-fuelled changes in the genes of binge and heavy drinkers were associated with a greater desire for alcohol.

Also Read: Protein Found in Spinach May Treat Alcohol Abuse, Mood Disorders

The findings may eventually help researchers identify biomarkers — measurable indicators such as proteins or modified genes — that could predict an individual’s risk for binge or heavy drinking, Sarkar noted.

In 2016, more than 3 million people died from the harmful use of alcohol. More than three quarters of alcohol-caused deaths were among men. The harmful use of alcohol also caused 5.1 per cent of disease and injuries worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. (IANS)

Next Story

Ways to Prevent Coronavirus to Enter Your Homes

Key tips to keep your home coronavirus free

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coronavirus
As the deadly coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) spreading rapidly, people are doing everything to keep themselves safe. Pixabay

BY BHARAT UPADHYAY

As the deadly coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) spreading rapidly, people are doing everything to keep themselves safe but what about your own abode?

To make your home coronavirus free, health experts have shared some tips such as cleaning all kitchen surfaces every time you finish cooking and keeping separate pairs of footwear for outdoors and indoors to fight the virus.

According to Praveen Gupta, Director and Head Neurology, Fortis Memorial Research Institute in New Delhi, all surfaces should be cleaned routinely with soap and other disinfectants available to make your house coronavirus proof.

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“Apart from cleaning the surfaces, other objects like light switches, desk, keyboards, doorknobs, toilet, closets should also be cleaned. Please make sure that you do not touch any object while cleaning with bare hands; gloves are necessary and make sure to dispose of these gloves after the cleaning is done,” Gupta told IANS.

In case when you are buying vegetables and fruits from outside, please make sure that you clean the bag very carefully before entering the house.

coronavirus
To make your home coronavirus free, health experts have shared some tips such as cleaning all kitchen surfaces every time you finish cooking and keeping separate pairs of footwear for outdoors and indoors to fight the virus. Pixabay

If possible, it is advisable to keep the bags outside your home or in a corner for at least 24-48 hours.

“Considering coronavirus spreads through droplets, please make sure to wash your vegetables and fruits in potassium permanganate solution or you can also wash it with hot water as well for at least 5-10 minutes,” the doctor emphasised.

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Stay home as much as possible but there are times when we can’t avoid visits to grocery store or pharmacy at some point.

“It is advisable to avoid unnecessary to and fro to any market area and stay in house. Disinfect everything you touch thoroughly and make sure that you wash your hands frequently. Also, supervise your pets in the backyard and keep them away from meeting or playing with other people,” said Rajesh Chawla, Senior Consultant, Respiratory Medicine, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi.

“Make use of hypochlorite to clean every corner of your house or make use of bleaching powder to clean your house,” Chawla added.

If someone is sick at your home, please make sure that a distance is maintained from that person and his or her clothes should be washed separately.

coronavirus
Make sure you take proper precautions at your home to prevent coronavirus. Pixabay

“One needs to understand while performing all the above activities, wearing gloves is necessary and when you are giving your clothes for laundry, please use disposable gloves and it is preferred to wash your clothes at home only and avoid any outside contact,” Chawla said.

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Dr Sudhish Sehra, HOD, Internal Medicine, Sri Balaji Action Medical Institute in New Delhi said that in addition to frequently sanitizing your hands, keeping the house and your immediate surroundings clean is equally important.

“Start with basic dusting while covering your face with a mask/alternative clothing such as a handkerchief, and disinfect the furniture surfaces and the floor. Clean all kitchen surfaces every time you finish cooking. Keep separate pairs of footwear for outdoors and indoors,” Sehra told IANS.

India has been under a 21-day lockdown in a bid to prevent the spread of coronavirus.

Also Read- Spotify Renews Global Licensing Partnership With Warner Music Group

The tally of novel coronavirus cases in India reached 1966 on Thursday, according to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Of these, 150 people have recovered and discharged from the hospitals, one person migrated while 50 deaths have been reported so far. (IANS)