Some people have inherited obesity genes which increases their risk of becoming fat. But, in a hope for such people, researchers have identified certain exercises that are effective in combating genetic effects that contribute to obesity.
Regular jogging was found to be the best type of exercise for managing obesity. Besides, mountain climbing, walking, power walking, certain types of dancing and yoga practices also reduce the Body Mass Index (BMI) in individuals predisposed to obesity. Surprisingly, cycling, stretching exercises, and swimming did not counteract the genetic effects on obesity.
Obesity is a challenging condition to control because it results from interactions between a person’s genetics and lifestyle. Doctors often recommend exercise, but it has not been clear which kinds are best for curbing weight gain in individuals whose genetics increase their risk of becoming obese.
In the study published in the journal PLOS Genetics, researchers from the National Taiwan University analysed 18,424 Han Chinese adults, aged 30 to 70. The interactions between the individuals’ genetics and their self-reported exercise routines were examined.
The researchers looked specifically at five measures of obesity, including BMI, body fat percentage and waist-to-hip ratio. They also considered other measures of obesity that are closely linked to metabolic problems. The researchers said that when it comes to obesity, genetics are not destiny, and the effects can be lessened by several kinds of regular exercises. (IANS)
The skeleton system of our body plays a vital role throughout our lifetime. It acts as pillar of support for our body’s framework and protects our vital organs. Additionally, bones help in storing minerals like calcium and phosphorous, as well as support the muscles for locomotion. From birth to old age our bones go through series of changes.
By the age of 30, the bone mass density reaches its peak. After which it tends to lose more bone mass than it is deposited. Osteoporosis is a frequently occurring condition developed by people as they grow old. In this condition, bones become weak and fragile. Consequently, it becomes difficult to heal a broken bone after an osteoporotic fracture.
According to statistics, adult population above the age of 50 tends to break their bones easily. Where it is seen, 1 in 2 women and 1 in 4 men fracture their bones due to osteoporosis. Hence, it is important to take care of our bones from young to old age.
There are certain risk factors which may act as a catalyst for accelerating osteoporosis early. Lack of vitamin D and calcium in diet, lack of physical activity, being underweight, smoking and drinking, irregular hormonal levels and intake of certain medications are some common examples of risk factors.
The risk factors increase the vulnerability of osteoporosis as we age. Dr Harish Ghoota, Additional Director-Orthopaedics, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad shares the following steps to incorporate in your lifestyle to better bone health:
Incorporating food and drinks rich in calcium and vitamin D is a good step. For example, low-fat dairy, tofu, soy milk, green leafy vegetables, leguminous pulses, salmon and nuts are good sources for calcium. Exposing one’s body to sunlight for 10-15 minutes twice or thrice a week acts as a good source for vitamin D. Food products like fortified milk and cereals, salmon, tuna, shrimp and oysters are also good sources for vitamin
Indulging in regular exercise for minimum half an hour keeps the muscles and bones strong. Strength building, weight training exercises and dancing are one of the best ways to keep fit and healthy bones
Avoid tobacco and alcohol abuse. According to medical advice, women should not consume more than one drink per day and men should not consume more than two drinks per day
With increasing age, regular bone density tests and health check-ups with doctors helps prevent excessive bone density loss.
Taking care of your bones from a young age becomes essential to prevent poor bone health. During childhood and adolescent years, bones rapidly grow. These form crucial years for developing good bone health. Proper balanced diet with increased intake of calcium rich foods and minimum one hour of physical exercise everyday helps to maintain good bone health. Additionally, adults after 30 years of age must integrate healthy lifestyle practices. These activities help to prevent poor bone health after the age of 30:
Exercising daily for 30 minutes least
Being cautious from falls or accidents
Going for regular check-ups
Regular bone density tests. Especially, after age of 50 with a fractured bone