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10 Must-Know Facts About Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Scholar, teacher, philosopher and statesman, Sarvepalli Radhakrishanan was one of 20th century’s greatest thinkers. On Teacher’s Day, here are some little-known facts from his inspiring life

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President Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan with US President John F Kennedy. Wikimedia Commons
President Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan with US President John F Kennedy. Wikimedia Commons
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Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, a distinguished 20th-century scholar, was the first Vice President of India, and the second President. He was awarded a knighthood in 1931, and the Bharat Ratna. His birthday is being celebrated as Teachers’ Day (September 5) in India since 1962. He defended Hinduism against “uninformed Western criticism”, contributing to the formation of contemporary Hindu identity.

Here are 10 facts about Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan you must know: 

ALSO READ: Existentialism: Mirroring the Western thought in light of Indian Philosophy

1. His academic appointments included the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta (1921–1932) and Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at University of Oxford (1936–1952).

1. One of India’s most illustrious 20th-century scholars of comparative religion and philosophy, Dr. Radhakrishnan’s academic appointments included the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta (1921–1932) and Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics at University of Oxford (1936–1952).

2. Dr. Radhakrishnan illustrated how western philosophers were prejudiced. He even claimed that Indian philosophy merits the term ‘philosophy’ in the western world. He is the one who placed Indian Philosophy on the world map.

3. Dr. Radhakrishnan was quite popular among his students. His students arranged and drove him in a flower-decked carriage when he was leaving Mysore University.

He belonged to a humble family with a weak economic background. Wikimedia Commons
He belonged to a humble family with a weak economic background. Wikimedia Commons

4. He belonged to a humble family with a weak economic background. He came from a small village on the border of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh and his father wished for him to become a priest at a temple. However, he finished his MA in Philosophy and his first book titled Indian Philosophy was a classic and a literary masterpiece.

5. As the Vice-President, Radhakrishnan presided over the Rajya Sabha sessions. Whenever there were infuriated members, he would start quoting slokas from Sanskrit classics or the Bible, to calm the heated audience.

6. Bertrand Russell, one of the world’s greatest philosophers, welcomed Dr. Radhakrishnan as the newly appointed President of India. He said, “It is an honour to the philosophy that Dr. Radhakrishnan should be President of India and me, as a philosopher, take special pleasure in this. Plato aspired for philosophers to become kings and it is a tribute to India that she should make a philosopher her President.”

During the course of his academic career, he received many awards. Wikimedia Commons
During the course of his academic career, he received many awards. Wikimedia Commons

7. During the course of his academic career, he received many awards. He was appointed a Knight Bachelor in 1931, was elected Fellow of the British Academy in 1938 and was awarded the prestigious Bharat Ratna in 1954. He also received the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade in 1961.

ALSO READ: Here’s The List of all Bharat Ratna award winners from 1954 to 2015

8. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, a few months before his death, received the Templeton Prize in 1975.

9. He was also appointed as ambassador to UNESCO in 1946 and later on as ambassador to the Soviet Union in 1949. As Chair of the Union Education Commission in 1948, he persevered and brought about reforms in India’s education system.

10. When he became the President of India, some of his students wished to celebrate his birthday. He replied, “Instead of celebrating my birthday, it would be my proud privilege if 5 September is observed as Teachers’ Day.”

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Facts About Parliament Of India You Didn’t Know Before

Parliament of India is the supreme legislative authority in India

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Parliament of India is a source of interest for many people because of various reasons. Wikimedia Commons
Parliament of India is a source of interest for many people because of various reasons. Wikimedia Commons

By Ruchika Verma 

  • Parliament of India is the supreme legislative authority in India
  • Indian Parliament is divided into two houses – Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
  • Indian Parliament is one of the biggest and has a very intricate architecture

Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body in India. It controls and creates all the bills and laws in the country. Parliament of India is bicameral. It is divided into two parts namely Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Lok Sabha is called the Lower House and Rajya Sabha is referred to as the Upper House.

Parliament of India is the largest legislative authority in India.
Parliament of India is the largest legislative authority in India.

Rajya Sabha has 238 members wheres the Lok Sabha seats are 545 is number. The term of Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha are 6 years and 5 years respectively. The head of the Parliament of India is the Indian President. The proceedings in Lok Sabha is controlled by the speaker of Lok Sabha whereas, in Rajya Sabha, there is a chairman.

Apart from these basic facts, here are some other interesting Indian Parliament facts you may not have known before:

  • Parliament of India is called the Sansad or Bhartiya Sansad
  • The Parliament of India is circular in shape which represents the “Continuity.” The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha halls are constructed in the shape of a horseshoe.

    The carpet colours of the halls of Lok sabha and Rajya sabha also hold significance. KPN
    The carpet colours of the halls of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha also hold significance. KPN
  • The carpets in the halls of the Parliament of India are also very significant. Lok Sabha’s hall’s carpet is green in colour which represents the people that are elected from grass root level. The hall of Rajya Sabha is adorned with red carpet which denotes royalty and is a constant remembrance of the struggle faced by our freedom fighters.

Also Read: Lok Sabha passes the Footwear Design and Development Institute Bill, 2017

  • The library in the Parliament House is the second largest library of India after the National Library in Kolkata.
  • Indian Parliament has a canteen, and it is the cheapest canteen in the country with a 3-course veg meal available for Rs. 61 only.

    Parliament of india is circular in shape which denotes continuity.
     Indian Parliament is circular in shape which denotes continuity.
  • Rishang Keishing is the oldest members who served the Parliament of India. He was a member of Rajya Sabha twice and retired at the age of 92.
  • The first female speaker of Parliament of India was Meira Kumar.
  • According to rules between two sessions of parliament, there should not be a gap of more than 6 months.

Also Read: Reservation Quota for Women in Parliament finds support at Kumaon Literature Festival

  • In Parliament of India, as per common practice, Question Hour starts at 11 a.m. where MPs put forward their questions. The Zero Hour starts at 12 noon where MPs can discuss general questions.
  • The office of President in the Parliament is in the room no. 13, which is considered inauspicious by many.