Wednesday November 20, 2019

Drinking Soft Drinks Linked to Obesity and Tooth Wear among Adults

Significantly, they also found that the increased consumption of sugary soft drinks may be a leading cause of the erosion of tooth enamel and dentine

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Soft Drinks, Obesity, Tooth Wear
The study published in the journal Clinical Oral Investigations, found that being overweight or obese was undoubtedly associated with having tooth wear. Pixabay

Researchers have found that sugar-sweetened acidic drinks, such as soft drinks, is the common factor between obesity and tooth wear among adults.

“It is the acidic nature of some drinks such as carbonated drinks and acidic fruit juices that leads to tooth wear,” said study lead author Saoirse O’Toole from King’s College London.

The study published in the journal Clinical Oral Investigations, found that being overweight or obese was undoubtedly associated with having tooth wear.

Significantly, they also found that the increased consumption of sugary soft drinks may be a leading cause of the erosion of tooth enamel and dentine in obese patients.

Soft Drinks, Obesity, Tooth Wear
It is the acidic nature of some drinks such as carbonated drinks and acidic fruit juices that leads to tooth wear. Pixabay

Previous research from King’s has found that tooth wear affects up to 30 per cent of European adults.

It is the premature wearing of teeth due to the softening of the dental enamel from dietary or gastric acids, combined with wear and tear.

Drawing on data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2004, the researchers analysed a representative sample of survey participants of 3,541 patients in the United States.

Patient BMI and the level of tooth wear were the exposure and outcome measurements in the analysis.

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The intake of sugar-sweetened acidic drinks was recorded through two non-consecutive 24-hour recall interviews where the patients were asked to provide details of diet intake across these two days.

According to the study, tooth wear is ranked as the third most important dental condition, after cavities and gum disease and the consumption of acidic food and drink is a leading cause of this.

Obese patients also have other risk factors such as increased likelihood of gastric reflux disease (heartburn) which was controlled for in this study.

“This is an important message for obese patients who are consuming calories through acidic sugar sweetened drinks. These drinks may be doing damage to their body and their teeth,” O’Toole said. (IANS)

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Study Says, Older Adults Can Go For a Weight-Loss Surgery

Although based on a small number of patients, Study suggest that successful weight loss and improved diabetes control can be safely achieved with surgery in older patients

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Older Adults
Management of obesity and diabetes in old age is challenging. There is a lot of scepticism around conducting weight-loss surgery of Older Adults above 65 years of Age. Pixabay

Weight-loss or bariatric surgeries are not usually performed in people above the age of 65. But researchers, including Indian-origin, have now found that these procedures could lead to successful weight loss and better diabetes control in Older Adults.

The study, presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference in Brighton, UK, indicates that elderly patients treated with bariatric surgery (gastric bypass or gastric sleeve) can recover well and have a reduced risk of obesity-related complications, including heart disease and diabetes.

“Although based on a small number of patients, our data suggest that successful weight loss and improved diabetes control can be safely achieved with surgery in older patients, which could have real benefits for their longevity and quality of life,” said study researcher Nader Lessan from the Abu Dhabi-based Imperial College London Diabetes Centre.

Lessan and the study’s co-author Saradalekshmi Radha assessed the results of 22 patients who had attended their medical centre and who had undergone weight loss surgery after the age of 65.

Two years after weight-loss surgery, the patients had, on an average, lost 24 per cent of their original body weight.

In addition, of the 11 patients who had been on insulin to control their type 2 diabetes, four no longer needed it, while for others, the total insulin dose required had significantly decreased.

Older Adults
Weight-loss or bariatric surgeries are not usually performed in people above the age of 65. But researchers, including Indian-origin, have now found that these procedures could lead to successful weight loss and better diabetes control in Older Adults. Pixabay

The only adverse effects reported during the two year period were iron and vitamin D deficiencies, which happen in younger patients too.

“Management of obesity and diabetes in old age is challenging. There is a lot of scepticism around conducting weight-loss surgery in patients over 65,” Lessan said.

ALSO READ: Scientists Link ‘Brain Fog’ to Body Illness

“Our study suggests these procedures could be considered in older adults as an effective intervention to aid weight loss and associated complications.” (IANS)