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Education is the Key to Reduce Underage Vaping: Experts

The FDA and the UK's Royal Society of Public Health have published studies showing higher levels of toxins are released by conventional cigarettes compared with e-cigarettes and other non-combustion devices

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Many people may be vaping nicotine through e-cigarettes, smoking.

Given the increase in adolescents’ use of tobacco products, especially electronic cigarettes, experts have called for education “based on facts and not on emotions” and increased regulation on retailers to curb the menace of vaping.

The group of medical professionals at the healthcare meet also came down heavily on advertisers of such products. Vaping is blamed for 37 deaths in the US, where the problem is spiralling with nearly 1,900 other people having suffered from vaping-related ailments.

Eighty per cent of those affected are under 35, and 16 per cent are younger than 18.

Carrie Wade, director of Harm Reduction Policy for the R. Street Institute, a think-tank based in Washington, told Efe that in the US, e-cigarette advertising campaigns “make these products look fun”.

Participants at the Medicine 2040 – Rewriting the Future of Healthcare event in Tel Aviv agreed on Tuesday the necessity of giving people accurate information on any matter related to public health.

Research by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has revealed that in all of the cases so far, vaping products had been mixed with THC, the main psychoactive component of marijuana.

women, vaping, fertility, health
Researchers have found that e-cigarette usage may impair fertility and pregnancy outcomes in young women. Pixabay

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published a report that shows 27.5 per cent of high school students use electronic cigarettes, up from 20.8 per cent in 2018 and 11.7 per cent in 2017, the Efe reported.

Wade says it’s necessary to review federal regulations and create “a greater barrier between students and adults”, by raising the minimum age for purchasing tobacco products from 18 to 21 and requiring sellers to request identification.

In the UK, one of the countries with the toughest restrictions on tobacco, the National Health Service NHS says on its official website that electronic cigarettes can aid in quitting smoking, but are not a comprehensive solution.

Also Read: At Least 100 Developers May Have Accessed Users’ Data for Months, Reveals Facebook

The British government has set an objective for 2022 of reducing the proportion of smokers from 8 percent to 3 percent among minors and from 15.5 per cent to 12 per cent among, Dr. Vicki Myers-Gamliel said.

To achieve that goal, “it is better to have regulations and studies based on the harm, instead of leaving everything in the hands of free choice without information,” Israeli physician Dov Gavish said.

The FDA and the UK’s Royal Society of Public Health have published studies showing higher levels of toxins are released by conventional cigarettes compared with e-cigarettes and other non-combustion devices.

“We know that some people do not want to quit smoking, it would be best if they did, but if not, we must find solutions that are less risky,” Gavish said. (IANS)

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Here’s how Vaping Can Increase the Risk of Asthma and COPD

Vaping increases risk of asthma and COPD says a study

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Inhaling heated tobacco vapor through e-cigarettes increases chances of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Pixabay

Inhaling heated tobacco vapor through e-cigarettes increases chances of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), conditions long shown to be caused by smoking traditional, combustible cigarettes.

The research data, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, also suggest chances of developing COPD may be around six times greater among people who vape as well as smoke tobacco regularly, compared with those who don’t use any tobacco products.

“Although e-cigarettes may turn out to be safer than traditional combustible cigarettes, our studies add to growing evidence that they carry health risks,” said researcher Michael Blaha from Johns Hopkins University in the US.

Cases of asthma and COPD are rising worldwide, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO), with most cases of COPD resulting from traditional cigarettes.

Asthma COPD
Cases of asthma and COPD are rising worldwide, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). Pixabay

To shed light on the risk, the researchers used national survey data gathered by the Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System in 2016-17.

In the analysis, published in BMC Pulmonary Medicine, the investigators analysed data from 402,822 people who identified themselves as never smokers — those who smoked less than 100 combustible cigarettes in their lifetimes.

Of these, 3,103 reported using e-cigarettes or vaping, and 34,074 people reported having asthma. Almost 11 per cent of e-cigarette users reported asthma compared with eight per cent of those who had never used e-cigarettes.

The people who reported to be e-cigarette users were 39 per cent more likely to self-report asthma compared with those who said they never used e-cigarettes.

Those who said they used e-cigarettes some days were 31 per cent more likely, and daily users 73 per cent more likely to report asthma, compared with non-e-cigarette users.

For the study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, the researchers analysed the same data from all the questioned participants.

Of the 700,000 plus participants, 61 per cent reported being never smokers, nine per cent current smokers, 30 per cent former smokers, more than three per cent e-cigarette users and two per cent used both e-cigarette and traditional cigarettes.

Of the e-cigarette users, about 11 per cent said they had chronic bronchitis, emphysema or COPD, compared with 5.6 per cent who said they never used e-cigarettes.

Also Read- Know About the Adverse Health Effects of E-Cigarettes

Among never smokers, e-cigarette users were 75 per cent more likely to report COPD, compared with those who had never used them.

For both studies, the researchers cautioned that they weren’t designed to show that vaping directly causes lung disease, but only whether doing so was associated with an increased likelihood of having disease. (IANS)