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‘Jnana’ means ‘Knowledge’ and ‘Pitha’ means ‘Seat’. Thus, ‘Jnanpith’ means ‘Seat of Learning’. Jnanapith award is one of the most prestigious literary award given to Indian authors in any of the 22 Indian languages mentioned in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian constitution.
The Jnanpith award, constituted in 1961 by Bharatiya Jnanpith- a trust, is given each year for authors for their immense contribution towards their respective language and literature. The Jnanpith award includes a cash of rupees five lakhs, a citation plaque, and a bronze replica of Vagdevi/ Saraswati- the Hindu Goddess of knowledge and wisdom/learning.
Though as of today, authors of Hindi language have bagged the highest number of Jnanpith awards (ten awards), till few years ago the place of the highest was occupied by Kannada language writers. In total, the Kannada language writers have bagged eight Jnanpith awards, with the latest one being bagged in 2010.
Here is a list of eight Kannada authors who were awarded Jnanpith award and their contribution towards Kannada literature. By the way, if you need thesis helper for your literature project, don’t hesitate to look for it online.
Kuppali Venkatappa Puttappa, popularly known as Kuvempu, won the Jnanpith award for his magnum opus ‘Sri Ramayana Darshanam’ in 1967. He was the first Kannada author who was given the Jnanpith award.
Kuvempu is considered as one of the tallest poet of 20th century. He was awarded with honorific titles ‘Rashtrakavi’ (national poet) and ‘Karnataka Ratna’ (gem of Karnataka) by the Government of Karnataka. Government of India honored him with Padma Vibhushan in 1988.
Sri Ramayana Darshanam is the modern rendering of the Valmiki Ramayana in Kavya format (poetry) and runs into 22284 lines. The poet has used Ramayana as a tool to express his grand universal vision. The poet is also credited for composing Karnataka State anthem Jaya Bharata Jananiya Tanujate.
D R Bendre
Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre was awarded Jnanpith award for ‘Nakutanti’ (four Strings) in 1973. Nakutanti is an anthology of poems and is considered as one of the finest examples of ‘Shrutikavya’.
Bendre, who is often considered as fatherly figure of Kannada poetry, drew heavily from folklores and vachanas of Kannada poetry tradition. He was one of the foremost poet during Navodaya period of Kannada literature and was given the honorific titles like ‘Varakavi’ meaning ‘gifted poet’ and ‘Karnataka Kula Thilaka’ meaning ‘the ornament of the Karnataka family”. He was also honored with Padma Shri award in 1968.
You Must Know : List Of Important Awards with their Fields & Definition
Kota Shivaram Karanth was a writer, Yakshagana artist, environmentalist, and a film-maker who became the third Kannada writer to be conferred upon Jnanpith award. He received the award in the year 1977 for his work ‘Mookajjiya Kanasugalu’ (Dreams of silent granny).
Karanth made notable contribution to Kannada art and culture including to the revival of Yakshagana, a form of folk theater. His book Mookajjiya Kanasugalu deals with human doubts, faith, origins of beliefs etc. through the duo of old granny and her grandson.
Karanth actively participated in various social and environmental movements like those against the pollution of the Tungabhadra, the protests against the Kaiga nuclear plant, etc. He was conferred with many awards including Pampa award, Sahitya Academy award, and Sangeet Natak Award.
Maasthi Venkatesa Iyengar
Maasthi Venkatesa Iyengar was the fourth Kannada writer to receive the Jnanpith Award. Iyengar who was fondly often referred as ‘Masti Kannadada Aasti’ meaning ‘Masti is Kannada’s Treasure’, received the Jnanpith award in 1983 for his novel Chikkavira Rajendra.
The novel depicts the life story of Vira Rajendra, the last ruler of Kodagu kingdom. The book is highly acclaimed for its balanced handling of the subject and its portrayal of the culture and ethos 19th century.
Iyengar is most renowned for his short stories, and he wrote under the pen-name Srinivasa. He was honored with the title ‘Brahmaa of Kannada stories’. He was also conferred upon the title ‘Rajasevasakta’ by Nalvadi Krishnaraja Wadeyar, the then Maharaja of Mysore.
V. K. Gokak
Vinayaka Krishna Gokak was the fifth author to be awarded the Jnanpith award. He received the award in 1990 for his epic ‘Bharatha Sindhu Rashmi’.
Bharatha Sindhu Rashmi is considered as the longest epic narrative composed in 20th century in any language. It deals with the subject of Vedic age, its philosophy and spiritual vision. K. Krishnamoorthy describes the book as: “In respect of literary form, it is an epic, in its size it is encyclopedic, and in regard to the thread of unity underlying the poem as a whole, it is a mystic vision of the spiritual destiny of Man.”
Gokak was also honored with Padma Shri and Kendra Sahitya Academy awards.
U. R. Ananthamurthy
U. R. Ananthamurthy was one of the pioneers of the Navya movement within Kannada literature. He was awarded the Jnanpith Award in 1994. His important works include Samskara, Avasthe, Bharati Pura and Bhava. He was the recipient of Padma Bhushan award in 1998 and was also nominated for Man Booker International Prize for the year 2013.
Girish Karnad is a well-known playwright, film-maker, actor, and cultural administrator. He was awarded the Jnanpith award for his immense contributions of Kannada literature and theatre in 1998.
His important works include Tughalak, Hayavadana, and Yayati. He has also directed and acted in many Kannada movies like Samskara and Kanooru Heggadithi. The Government of India has also conferred upon him Padma Shri and Padma Bhushan.
Chandrashekar Kambar is a well-known poet, folklorist, playwright, and film director. He was awarded Jnanpith award in 2010 for his immense contribution to Kannada language. His works harmoniously interlink folklore with contemporary issues. His prominent plays include Jokumaraswamy, Nayi Kathe, and Mahamayi. He was a recipient of the ‘Sahitya Academy Award’ in 1991 for his play ‘Sirisampige’. Apart from this he has also received Rajyotsava award, Pampa award, and Padma Shri award.
Amitabh Bachchan is adored by the public for his unforgettable on-screen performances as well as his magnetic demeanour. Not only do fans love Amitabh Bachchan's outstanding performance, but the actor's heartwarming words are also highly regarded. A much moved Amitabh Bachchan, during his speech to the crowd of over 80,000 people at the Reliance Industries' annual event, said that the legacy left by Dhirubhai has had a positive impact on millions of people's lives worldwide.
When Bollywood superstar Amitabh Bachchan became bankrupt in the late 1990s, Dhirubhai Ambani stepped forward to give him financial assistance. In his speech, Bachchan remembered that Dhirubhai had sent Anil Ambani to offer him financial assistance during the crisis, which he had respectfully declined. Lenders began knocking on his door, losses mounted, and his bank account dwindled to nothing. He said, "Dhirubhai's money might have gotten me out of the problem quickly. However, I respectfully declined his offer and gradually began to find work again, which let me pay off my debt."
Amitabh Bachchan is adored by the public for his unforgettable on-screen performances as well as his magnetic demeanour. | Flickr
Later, after Bachchan had recovered from the bankruptcy, one day he was invited to an event at Dhirubhai's residence; Bachchan added, "Dhirubhai was standing and having a chat with his industrialist friends when he saw me there, he called me, firstly I felt shy even to present myself in front of such big industrialists but then, I went there, and Dhirubhai declared in front of all of them that 'This young man had fallen but managed to get back up on his own, I have a lot of respect for him because of that.' Those words of his were worth much more to me than any amount of money that he could have offered me."
It was the "Reliance Family Day" event and was attended by members of the Ambani family from all generations. The event commemorated the company's 40-year journey since its inception. It also celebrated the 85th birthday of the late Dhirubhai Ambani, RILs (Reliance Industries Limited) founder.
Keywords: Bollywood, Reliance, Amitabh Bachchan, Dhirubhai Ambani, event
In comparison to adults, children are prone to getting traumatized by troubling events easily, and this makes it important for parents to help their children when the times are tough. It could be a brutal accident, an unprecedented pandemic, a violent crime, or other disasters but with the right parental support, children have a higher chance of coming out stronger from an awful situation.
Anuja Kapur, Psychologist shares few tips wherein you can assist your child when tough times comes calling:
Every child responds differently to disturbing events: What children feel about a current disaster in their life and how they react to it can come and go in waves. Children can act moody and withdrawn at times, struck with sorrow and fear at other times. There's no absolute "right" or "wrong" way to feel after a traumatic event so make sure not to dictate what your child or how your child should feel and react to the event.
Children can act moody and withdrawn at times, struck with sorrow and fear at other times. | Photo by Kat J on Unsplash
Encourage your child to be transparent: Just make sure you let your child know that whatever feelings they're experiencing is normal. The unpleasantness will pass if your child opens up about it and that the phase is temporary. While many teens may be reluctant to talk about their feelings with a parent, encourage them to confide in another trusted adult such as a family friend, relative, or a counselor and teacher. It's important to talkeeven if it's not with you.
Just make sure you let your child know that whatever feelings they're experiencing is normal. | Photo by Sebastián León Prado on Unsplash
Deter your child from reliving the disturbing event: Dwelling over, watching the footage, or imagining the event can be overwhelmingly stressful for children and this stress can even block their nervous system. However, to negate such things from happening encourage activities that keep your child's mind occupied so they're not obsessive about the event. You could encourage your children to read, play games together, or simply watch an uplifting movie.
Dwelling over, watching the footage, or imagining the event can be overwhelmingly stressful for children and this stress can even block their nervous system. | Photo by Юлія Дубина on Unsplash
Cocoon your child with warmth: In order to reassure your child that they are safe with you and feel secure, that the worst is over your physical affection is important in making them feel safe again. Teens may try to be tough through it and avoid being held, but they still need the proximity.
In order to reassure your child that they are safe with you and feel secure, that the worst is over your physical affection is important in making them feel safe again. | Photo by adrianna geo on Unsplash
Maintain routines. Establishing a predictable structure and schedule for your child's life can help to make the world seem more stable again. Try to maintain regular times for meals, homework, and family activities. Make sure your child accommodates time and space for rest, play, and fun. Keeping up with a schedule can help countercheck the obnoxious feeling of stress and worry in children about the future being dark, hopeless, and unpredictable.
Try to maintain regular times for meals, homework, and family activities. | Photo by Paico Oficial on Unsplash
Acknowledge and validate your child's concerns. The disastrous events in life may give place to unrelated fright and concerns in your child. However, understanding and accepting your child's present state is a comfort for the child. If at any point the child blames himself for the event make sure to make it clear and crisp the event was not their fault, you love them, and it's okay for them to feel upset, angry, or scared but not guilty.
Understanding and accepting your child's present state is a comfort for the child Photo by Jeremiah Lawrence on Unsplash
Irrespective of the age of your child, it is vital for parents to offer that extra support and assistance following an unsettling event. The traumatic event may bring up unrelated fears and issues in your child. However, by accepting their thoughts and replacing their fear with your love and direction, the ominous feelings will start to fade away. Eventually, the child will be able to return to a normal and healthy life. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Kids, Help, stress, cope, routine, warmth, understanding, encourage, psychology, children
The European Commission, the executive arm of the European Union (EU), has announced plans for smartphone and other electronics manufacturers to fit a common USB-C charging port on their devices in an effort to reduce waste. In addition to phones, the rules will apply to other devices like tablets, headphones, portable speakers, videogame consoles, and cameras, reports The Verge. The decision will have a huge impact on Apple, as the company still uses its own Lightning connector to charge iPhones. The proposals only cover devices using wired, not wireless and a USB-C port is only mandatory for devices that charge using a cable.
"Chargers power all our most essential electronic devices | Photo by Solen Feyissa on Unsplash
"Chargers power all our most essential electronic devices. With more and more devices, more and more chargers are sold that are not interchangeable or not necessary. We are putting an end to that," the report quoted EU commissioner Thierry Breton as saying.
The Commission also wants to unbundle the sale of chargers from the sale of electronic devices, which it says will improve the consumers' convenience. "With our proposal, European consumers will be able to use a single charger for all their portable electronics - an important step to increase convenience and reduce waste." In addition, the Commission will require manufacturers to provide relevant information about charging performance. (IANS/MBI)
Keywords: Electronic Devices, Chargers, Cable, smartphone, Adapters, Charging Cord