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Ekadasi: Why Ekadashi is celebrated in Hinduism? – by Dr Bharti Raizada

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Hindu Lord Vishnu and Lakshmi, Wikimedia

May 22, 2017: 

Ekadash means 11. Ekadasi is 11th tithi in a lunar month, and there is one Ekadasi in the shukla paksh and one in the krishn paksh. Prayers are offered to Bhagwan Vishnu.

Vrat starts before the sunset on the previous day and ends after sunrise the next day. The 2017 dates are January 8 and 23; February 6 and 22; March 8 and 23; April 6 and 22; May 6, 21 and 22; June 4 and 20; July 4 and 19; August 3 and 17; September 1, 15 and 16; October 1, 15, 30 and 31; November 13 and 29; and December 13, 28 and 29. Some of these are consecutive days.

Samarth with family observes vrat on first day and  sanyasis and widows do vrat on the second day. There are different types of Ekadasi vrats- Nirjala, Ksheerbhoji, phalahari and Naktbhoji.

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Sabudana, singhada, shakarkandi, potatoes and groundnut can be consumed in naktbhoji vrat. Only  fruits are consumed in Phalahari Ekadasi vrat and milk products in Ksheerbhoji Ekadasi vrat.  Food items containing beans and grains are avoided.

Ekadasi Devi was born from Bhagwan Vishnu himself and she killed asur Mura by Humkar Shabd.

Ekadasi Arti

ॐ जय एकादशी, जय एकादशी, जय एकादशी माता।विष्णु पूजा व्रत को धारण कर, शक्ति मुक्ति पाता॥
ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
तेरे नाम गिनाऊं देवी, भक्ति प्रदान करनी।गण गौरव की देनी माता, शास्त्रों में वरनी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
मार्गशीर्ष के कृष्णपक्ष की उत्पन्ना, विश्वतारनी जन्मी।शुक्ल पक्ष में हुई मोक्षदा, मुक्तिदाता बन आई॥
ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
पौष के कृष्णपक्ष की, सफला नामक है।शुक्लपक्ष में होय पुत्रदा, आनन्द अधिक रहै॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
नाम षटतिला माघ मास में, कृष्णपक्ष आवै।शुक्लपक्ष में जया, कहावै, विजय सदा पावै॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
विजया फागुन कृष्णपक्ष में शुक्ला आमलकी।पापमोचनी कृष्ण पक्ष में, चैत्र महाबलि की॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
चैत्र शुक्ल में नाम कामदा, धन देने वाली।नाम बरुथिनी कृष्णपक्ष में, वैसाख माह वाली॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
शुक्ल पक्ष में होय मोहिनी अपरा ज्येष्ठ कृष्णपक्षी।नाम निर्जला सब सुख करनी, शुक्लपक्ष रखी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
योगिनी नाम आषाढ में जानों, कृष्णपक्ष करनी।देवशयनी नाम कहायो, शुक्लपक्ष धरनी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
अजा भाद्रपद कृष्णपक्ष की, परिवर्तिनी शुक्ला।इन्द्रा आश्चिन कृष्णपक्ष में, व्रत से भवसागर निकला॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
पापांकुशा है शुक्ल पक्ष में, आप हरनहारी।रमा मास कार्तिक में आवै, सुखदायक भारी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
देवोत्थानी शुक्लपक्ष की, दुखनाशक मैया।पावन मास में करूं विनती पार करो नैया॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
परमा कृष्णपक्ष में होती, जन मंगल करनी।शुक्ल मास में होय पद्मिनी दुख दारिद्र हरनी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
जो कोई आरती एकादशी की, भक्ति सहित गावै।जन गुरदिता स्वर्ग का वासा, निश्चय वह पावै॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥

Following is a list of the lunar month, presiding deity for Ekadasi, name of the shukl paksh Ekadasi and name of the krishn paksh Ekadasi. I am writing presiding deity name, however, there is only one supreme power.

Month, Presiding deity, Shukl paksh Ekadasi, Krishn paksh Ekadasi

1.Chaitra, Vishnu, Kamada, Paapmochini

  1. Vaishakh, Madhusudna, Mohini, Varuthini
  2. Jyestha, Trivikarma, Nirjala, Apara
  3. Asaadh, Vaman, Devshayani or Hari shayani or Padma or Ashadi, Yogini
  4. Sharavan, Sridhar, Sharavana Putrada or Pavitropana or Pavitra, Kamika
  5. Bhadrapad, Hrishikesha,  Parsava or Parivartini, Anand or Aja
  6. Ashwin, Padmanabha, Paashunkusha or Papankusha, Indira
  7. Kartik, Damodar, Prabodhini or Hari Priya or Dev Uthani or Devutthana, Rama
  8. Marghshirsha, Kesava, Mokshada or Vaikuntha , Utpanna( Utpanna is Utpatti or birth of Ekadasi Devi)
  9. Paush, Narayan, Paush Putrada, Saphala or Shattila
  10. Magh, Madhav, Bhaimi or Jaya, Shat tila
  11. Phalgun, Govinda, Amalaki, Vijaya

Adhik month which comes after every 3 years, Purshottam, Padmini Vishuddha, Parama or Kamla.

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Ram Mandir To Be Built In Ayodhya By 2022

The Grand Ram Temple will be built in Ayodhya by 2022

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Ram
The Ram temple is proposed to be built at the Ram Janmabhoomi in Ayodhya by 2022. Wikimedia Commons

The much awaited temple proposed to be built at the Ram Janmabhoomi in Ayodhya after the Supreme Court verdict, will be completed before 2022, the 75th year of India’s independence.

The Uttar Pradesh government has released a picture of what the temple, and the Ram statue proposed near it, would look like on their completion. Sources said the Ram idol will take three years to complete.

Details are also trickling in of the grand temple complex planned. Spread over an area 240 feet long and 145 feet wide, it will be 141 feet in height. Its 4 feet periphery will have 251 columns.

Ram temple
The Ram temple will have a prayer hall, a lecture hall, a educational facility, a saints residence and a hostel for visitors. Wikimedia Commons

The temple complex will have a prayer hall, a Ramkatha Kunj (lecture hall), a Vaidik Pathshala (educational facility), a Sant Niwas (saints residence) and a Yatri Niwas (hostel for visitors).

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Around the idol of Lord Ram, there will be other facilities such as a digital museum, a centre for description on holy scriptures, a library, a cafeteria and parking space. (IANS)