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Ekadasi: Why Ekadashi is celebrated in Hinduism? – by Dr Bharti Raizada

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Hindu Lord Vishnu and Lakshmi, Wikimedia
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May 22, 2017: 

Ekadash means 11. Ekadasi is 11th tithi in a lunar month, and there is one Ekadasi in the shukla paksh and one in the krishn paksh. Prayers are offered to Bhagwan Vishnu.

Vrat starts before the sunset on the previous day and ends after sunrise the next day. The 2017 dates are January 8 and 23; February 6 and 22; March 8 and 23; April 6 and 22; May 6, 21 and 22; June 4 and 20; July 4 and 19; August 3 and 17; September 1, 15 and 16; October 1, 15, 30 and 31; November 13 and 29; and December 13, 28 and 29. Some of these are consecutive days.

Samarth with family observes vrat on first day and  sanyasis and widows do vrat on the second day. There are different types of Ekadasi vrats- Nirjala, Ksheerbhoji, phalahari and Naktbhoji.

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Sabudana, singhada, shakarkandi, potatoes and groundnut can be consumed in naktbhoji vrat. Only  fruits are consumed in Phalahari Ekadasi vrat and milk products in Ksheerbhoji Ekadasi vrat.  Food items containing beans and grains are avoided.

Ekadasi Devi was born from Bhagwan Vishnu himself and she killed asur Mura by Humkar Shabd.

Ekadasi Arti

ॐ जय एकादशी, जय एकादशी, जय एकादशी माता।विष्णु पूजा व्रत को धारण कर, शक्ति मुक्ति पाता॥
ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
तेरे नाम गिनाऊं देवी, भक्ति प्रदान करनी।गण गौरव की देनी माता, शास्त्रों में वरनी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
मार्गशीर्ष के कृष्णपक्ष की उत्पन्ना, विश्वतारनी जन्मी।शुक्ल पक्ष में हुई मोक्षदा, मुक्तिदाता बन आई॥
ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
पौष के कृष्णपक्ष की, सफला नामक है।शुक्लपक्ष में होय पुत्रदा, आनन्द अधिक रहै॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
नाम षटतिला माघ मास में, कृष्णपक्ष आवै।शुक्लपक्ष में जया, कहावै, विजय सदा पावै॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
विजया फागुन कृष्णपक्ष में शुक्ला आमलकी।पापमोचनी कृष्ण पक्ष में, चैत्र महाबलि की॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
चैत्र शुक्ल में नाम कामदा, धन देने वाली।नाम बरुथिनी कृष्णपक्ष में, वैसाख माह वाली॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
शुक्ल पक्ष में होय मोहिनी अपरा ज्येष्ठ कृष्णपक्षी।नाम निर्जला सब सुख करनी, शुक्लपक्ष रखी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
योगिनी नाम आषाढ में जानों, कृष्णपक्ष करनी।देवशयनी नाम कहायो, शुक्लपक्ष धरनी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
अजा भाद्रपद कृष्णपक्ष की, परिवर्तिनी शुक्ला।इन्द्रा आश्चिन कृष्णपक्ष में, व्रत से भवसागर निकला॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
पापांकुशा है शुक्ल पक्ष में, आप हरनहारी।रमा मास कार्तिक में आवै, सुखदायक भारी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
देवोत्थानी शुक्लपक्ष की, दुखनाशक मैया।पावन मास में करूं विनती पार करो नैया॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
परमा कृष्णपक्ष में होती, जन मंगल करनी।शुक्ल मास में होय पद्मिनी दुख दारिद्र हरनी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
जो कोई आरती एकादशी की, भक्ति सहित गावै।जन गुरदिता स्वर्ग का वासा, निश्चय वह पावै॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥

Following is a list of the lunar month, presiding deity for Ekadasi, name of the shukl paksh Ekadasi and name of the krishn paksh Ekadasi. I am writing presiding deity name, however, there is only one supreme power.

Month, Presiding deity, Shukl paksh Ekadasi, Krishn paksh Ekadasi

1.Chaitra, Vishnu, Kamada, Paapmochini

  1. Vaishakh, Madhusudna, Mohini, Varuthini
  2. Jyestha, Trivikarma, Nirjala, Apara
  3. Asaadh, Vaman, Devshayani or Hari shayani or Padma or Ashadi, Yogini
  4. Sharavan, Sridhar, Sharavana Putrada or Pavitropana or Pavitra, Kamika
  5. Bhadrapad, Hrishikesha,  Parsava or Parivartini, Anand or Aja
  6. Ashwin, Padmanabha, Paashunkusha or Papankusha, Indira
  7. Kartik, Damodar, Prabodhini or Hari Priya or Dev Uthani or Devutthana, Rama
  8. Marghshirsha, Kesava, Mokshada or Vaikuntha , Utpanna( Utpanna is Utpatti or birth of Ekadasi Devi)
  9. Paush, Narayan, Paush Putrada, Saphala or Shattila
  10. Magh, Madhav, Bhaimi or Jaya, Shat tila
  11. Phalgun, Govinda, Amalaki, Vijaya

Adhik month which comes after every 3 years, Purshottam, Padmini Vishuddha, Parama or Kamla.

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Puja for The Spiritualism, Not for Vulgar Entertainment

The westerners practicing Hinduism have learned a pretty well from our "scriptures" and are becoming more spiritual while we just locked up those "holy books" only in the drawers of the altar. Thus we only love to shake our “butts to the boom-boom of Bollywood”.. right in front of the Gods' idols !!!

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Hinduism
he westerners practicing Hinduism have learned a pretty well from our "scriptures"

By Salil Gewali

Any auspicious days in Hinduism are expected to be observed with a complete purity of action and thought. The same holds true for other religions too. As per the Hindu scriptures, the believers are required to stay away from any kind of sense gratifications, particularly when the specific days are dedicated to Gods and Goddess such as Navratri, Laxmi Puja, Krishna Janmashtami, Shivaratri, to name a few. The pathway to devotion and spiritualism should not be “desecrated” by the blot of the brazen entertainment. The scriptures logically explain why it is antithetical, and its adverse consequences.

Hindusim
Incidentally, the Bhagavad Gita describes such situation as the rise of “tamasic vibes”.

 But, what a huge irony, rather a blasphemy that many people these days have started to choose the auspicious days of Gods to satisfy their base senses. Without a wee bit of regret, a certain class of people holds almost every auspicious day as the most “unmissable” occasion to booze with the friends, and what not, and stagger back home, lol! Such bizarre practices are fast catching now than ever.  Sadly, hardly any conscious people and spiritual organizations stand up and take the right measures to check such godless deviations.

What is quite unpleasant is that such a kind of unholy practices are often being facilitated by certain “Hindu intuitions” as well. On this past Laxmi Puja, the “propitious time” to perform the ritual had fallen between 6 PM to 7:53 PM. Yours truly decided to use that span of time for meditation. But hell broke loose. Apart from fireworks around, the Bollywood songs in high decibel burst forth from a certain Hindu institution quite frustrated the mission.

Hindusim
Sadhu Sanga Retreat, 2016

 One senior citizen laments – “Nothing could be irreligious than the fact that a favorable time for “puja” is also being used for the wrongful purposes. We rather expect the “Hindu institutions” to teach our children Bhajan, Kirtan, and other spiritual activities, not the loud and feverish parties and disturb others.”

Another college student adds “Having been much disturbed by the noise pollution, I have persuaded my parents to shift our place of residence to elsewhere, not at least near holy places with an unholy mission. I have started to see such institutions with the eyes of suspicion these says.” Is it that our institutions are unable to use their “discretion”, and as a result, they fail to differentiate between right and wrong?  One is deeply apprehensive that Bollywood songs and vulgar dances might as well be included as a part of the “puja ritual” as we have long accepted the fun of fireworks bursting as an integral part of Laxmi Puja which in fact is just an entrenched “misconception”.

Hinduism
Hinduism is expected to be observed with a complete purity of action

Needless to say, our roar for consumerism has almost drowned the whisper of inherent spiritualism. We are only just sending out the wrong messages. I’m afraid, the whole culture itself might be looked down with derision by other faiths. It might just become a subject of ridicule! It is no exaggeration, such negative notions against the “wrong practices” are all what we often read these days in several newspapers and social media. Do we want others to demean our profound spiritual heritage thus?  I believe it calls for a serious soul-searching.

Incidentally, the Bhagavad Gita describes such situation as the rise of “tamasic vibes”.  It warns in the strongest terms that mankind should absolutely be careful not to fall under the influence of any short-lived sense gratifications. Or else, our endeavor to “practice and preserve” the sanctity of a religion/spiritualism will be a futile exercise.

However, on the other hand, the westerners practicing Hinduism have learned a pretty well from our “scriptures” and are becoming more spiritual while we just locked up those “holy books” only in a drawer of the altar. Thus we only love to shake our “butts to the boom-boom of Bollywood”.. right in front of the Gods’ idols !!!

Salil Gewali is a well-known writer and author of ‘Great minds on India’.

Twitter:@SGewali.