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Ekadasi: Why Ekadashi is celebrated in Hinduism? – by Dr Bharti Raizada

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Hindu Lord Vishnu and Lakshmi, Wikimedia

May 22, 2017: 

Ekadash means 11. Ekadasi is 11th tithi in a lunar month, and there is one Ekadasi in the shukla paksh and one in the krishn paksh. Prayers are offered to Bhagwan Vishnu.

Vrat starts before the sunset on the previous day and ends after sunrise the next day. The 2017 dates are January 8 and 23; February 6 and 22; March 8 and 23; April 6 and 22; May 6, 21 and 22; June 4 and 20; July 4 and 19; August 3 and 17; September 1, 15 and 16; October 1, 15, 30 and 31; November 13 and 29; and December 13, 28 and 29. Some of these are consecutive days.

Samarth with family observes vrat on first day and  sanyasis and widows do vrat on the second day. There are different types of Ekadasi vrats- Nirjala, Ksheerbhoji, phalahari and Naktbhoji.

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Sabudana, singhada, shakarkandi, potatoes and groundnut can be consumed in naktbhoji vrat. Only  fruits are consumed in Phalahari Ekadasi vrat and milk products in Ksheerbhoji Ekadasi vrat.  Food items containing beans and grains are avoided.

Ekadasi Devi was born from Bhagwan Vishnu himself and she killed asur Mura by Humkar Shabd.

Ekadasi Arti

ॐ जय एकादशी, जय एकादशी, जय एकादशी माता।विष्णु पूजा व्रत को धारण कर, शक्ति मुक्ति पाता॥
ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
तेरे नाम गिनाऊं देवी, भक्ति प्रदान करनी।गण गौरव की देनी माता, शास्त्रों में वरनी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
मार्गशीर्ष के कृष्णपक्ष की उत्पन्ना, विश्वतारनी जन्मी।शुक्ल पक्ष में हुई मोक्षदा, मुक्तिदाता बन आई॥
ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
पौष के कृष्णपक्ष की, सफला नामक है।शुक्लपक्ष में होय पुत्रदा, आनन्द अधिक रहै॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
नाम षटतिला माघ मास में, कृष्णपक्ष आवै।शुक्लपक्ष में जया, कहावै, विजय सदा पावै॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
विजया फागुन कृष्णपक्ष में शुक्ला आमलकी।पापमोचनी कृष्ण पक्ष में, चैत्र महाबलि की॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
चैत्र शुक्ल में नाम कामदा, धन देने वाली।नाम बरुथिनी कृष्णपक्ष में, वैसाख माह वाली॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
शुक्ल पक्ष में होय मोहिनी अपरा ज्येष्ठ कृष्णपक्षी।नाम निर्जला सब सुख करनी, शुक्लपक्ष रखी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
योगिनी नाम आषाढ में जानों, कृष्णपक्ष करनी।देवशयनी नाम कहायो, शुक्लपक्ष धरनी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
अजा भाद्रपद कृष्णपक्ष की, परिवर्तिनी शुक्ला।इन्द्रा आश्चिन कृष्णपक्ष में, व्रत से भवसागर निकला॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
पापांकुशा है शुक्ल पक्ष में, आप हरनहारी।रमा मास कार्तिक में आवै, सुखदायक भारी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
देवोत्थानी शुक्लपक्ष की, दुखनाशक मैया।पावन मास में करूं विनती पार करो नैया॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
परमा कृष्णपक्ष में होती, जन मंगल करनी।शुक्ल मास में होय पद्मिनी दुख दारिद्र हरनी॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥
जो कोई आरती एकादशी की, भक्ति सहित गावै।जन गुरदिता स्वर्ग का वासा, निश्चय वह पावै॥ॐ जय एकादशी…॥

Following is a list of the lunar month, presiding deity for Ekadasi, name of the shukl paksh Ekadasi and name of the krishn paksh Ekadasi. I am writing presiding deity name, however, there is only one supreme power.

Month, Presiding deity, Shukl paksh Ekadasi, Krishn paksh Ekadasi

1.Chaitra, Vishnu, Kamada, Paapmochini

  1. Vaishakh, Madhusudna, Mohini, Varuthini
  2. Jyestha, Trivikarma, Nirjala, Apara
  3. Asaadh, Vaman, Devshayani or Hari shayani or Padma or Ashadi, Yogini
  4. Sharavan, Sridhar, Sharavana Putrada or Pavitropana or Pavitra, Kamika
  5. Bhadrapad, Hrishikesha,  Parsava or Parivartini, Anand or Aja
  6. Ashwin, Padmanabha, Paashunkusha or Papankusha, Indira
  7. Kartik, Damodar, Prabodhini or Hari Priya or Dev Uthani or Devutthana, Rama
  8. Marghshirsha, Kesava, Mokshada or Vaikuntha , Utpanna( Utpanna is Utpatti or birth of Ekadasi Devi)
  9. Paush, Narayan, Paush Putrada, Saphala or Shattila
  10. Magh, Madhav, Bhaimi or Jaya, Shat tila
  11. Phalgun, Govinda, Amalaki, Vijaya

Adhik month which comes after every 3 years, Purshottam, Padmini Vishuddha, Parama or Kamla.

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Next Story

Westerners Adopt Indian Practices, Deny Giving Due Credits

There is an argument by some Hindu liberals thinking “what the problem in it”? They think our knowledge is globalized by West in the same way we consume inventions of the West. But it’s a very naïve argument.

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Its time Indians in general and Hindus in particular should be vigilant and should have an academic mind set to respond to such misadventures to protect our own heritage and Dharma. Hindu Council Of Australia

By Shashi Holla (WA) and Surinder Jain

Colonial or a white supremacy mind set may be clever enough to adopt Hindu practices but denies giving credit where it is due. Stealing Hindu Intellectual Property, they do not hesitate to rename and repackage so that they can sell it back to India for immense profits. Off course, they will leave no chance to tell Indians to stop their superstitious ways and to adopt the new scientific knowledge which “they” have “invented”.

Following has been already digested or appropriated by West. Some of the Western academics don’t believe that they belong to India.

Yoga Nidra   AS  Lucid Dreaming

Nadi Shodhana AS Alternate Nostrils Breathing

Vipassana  AS Mindfulness.

The latest addition to this list is

Pranamyam AS Cardiac Coherence Breathing

Several researchers have reported that pranayama techniques are beneficial in treating a range of stress-related disorders.[29] But the latest attempt has taken the appropriation too far. An American magazine “Scientific American” in its article titled “Proper Breathing Brings Better health” termed “Pranayama” as cardiac coherence breathing. (15 January 2019). The article gives us an idea about how West is so sophisticated in stealing knowledge from ancient cultures particularly Hinduism.

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Man doing Yoga. Wikimedia Commons

Prāṇāyāma is mentioned in verse 4.29 of the Bhagavad Gītā.[11] According to Bhagavad-Gītā As It Is, prāṇāyāma is translated to “trance induced by stopping all breathing”, also being made from the two separate Sanskrit words, prāṇa and āyām.[12] Pranayama is the fourth “limb” of the eight limbs of Ashtanga Yoga mentioned in verse 2.29 in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali.[14][15] Patanjali, a Hindu Rishi, discusses his specific approach to pranayama in verses 2.49 through 2.51, and devotes verses 2.52 and 2.53 to explaining the benefits of the practice.[16] Many yoga teachers advise that pranayama should be part of an overall practice that includes the other limbs of Patanjali’s Raja Yoga teachings, especially Yama, Niyama, and Asana.[18]

“Pranayama” a department of Yogic science practiced and documented 5000 years back ( even 15,000 years back) by Rishis is not even acknowledged by the author of the article. If one read the article they vaguely suggest that breathing exercises also existed in China, Hindu and in Greek culture.  This is how appropriation of ancient techniques takes place by West.  As Sankrat Sanu an entrepreneur, researcher and writer put it in his tweet “after erasing the origin they claim it as their own invention, attack original traditions as Superstition”.

As famous Indian American Author Rajiv Malhotra summarizes: “The article standardizes cardiac coherence breathing as Chinese, Hindu, Greek and various traditions as equal origins, and then modern West turns it into science”. Its time Indians in general and Hindus in particular should be vigilant and should have an academic mind set to respond to such misadventures to  protect our own heritage and Dharma.

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The article standardizes cardiac coherence breathing as Chinese, Hindu, Greek and various traditions as equal origins, and then modern West turns it into science”.  Pixabay

There is an argument by some Hindu liberals thinking “what the problem in it”? They think our knowledge is globalized by West in the same way we consume inventions of the West. But it’s a very naïve argument. West has created an eco system and mechanism in which their knowledge system is Well protected and patented by international norms. Unless West does not give a new name and fits into their framework native wisdom is not recognized in academia and media. Whereas Hindus were generous in sharing their health techniques freely from millennium never thought they will struggle in proving things which belong to them. In fact in a westernized framework of Yoga and other techniques Indian scholars, insiders and practitioners are blatantly ignored. So our own knowledge will be repackaged and exported back to us at an extra price and conditions.

Also Read: Climate Change Will Melt Vast Parts of Himalayas: Study

Many of our practices are being called to be Biofeedback systems. According to WikipediaBiofeedback systems have been known in India and some other countries for millennia. Ancient Hindu practices like yoga and Pranayama (breathing techniques) are essentially biofeedback methods. Many yogis and sadhus have been known to exercise control over their physiological processes. In addition to recent research on Yoga, Paul Brunton, the British writer who travelled extensively in India, has written about many cases he has witnessed. (Hindu Council Of Australia)