Sunday, September 20, 2020
Home Life Style Health & Fitness Electroconvulsive Therapy To Reduce Suicide Risk By 84% in Bipolar Patients

Electroconvulsive Therapy To Reduce Suicide Risk By 84% in Bipolar Patients

ECT therapy may cut suicide risk in bipolar patients

In a major study on patients with untreatable bipolar disorder, the researchers have shown that ECT (Electroconvulsive Therapy) was able to reduce suicide risk by 84 per cent in high-risk patients, as well as giving effective treatment to around 72 per cent of sufferers.

ECT is a medical treatment most commonly used in patients with severe major depression or bipolar disorder that has not responded to other treatments.

ECT involves a brief electrical stimulation of the brain while the patient is under anaesthesia

Bipolar disorder, where patients exhibit emotional instability and may experience very severe mood swings, is amongst the most common mental health disorders.

Follow NewsGram on Facebook for more updates. 

Manic episodes may include symptoms such as high energy, reduced need for sleep and loss of touch with reality. Unsplash

Bipolar disorder can cause mixed states of mania and depression; this mix can lead to an increased risk of suicide.

Most patients can control the condition via prescription drugs, but almost a third of patients are resistant to treatment.

The study, published in the World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, followed bipolar patients and treatment from a single centre and confirmed that ECT can reduce suicide risk, and allow a majority of patients to return to a more normal life.

“ECT was invented in Italy, but despite this there are very few clinics in Italy which offer the treatment nowadays,” said study author Giulio Emilio Brancati from the University of Pisa UP in Italy.

“A lot of patients who have failed with other treatments are referred to the Pisa clinic, which is why we were able to gather so much data from a single clinic,” Brancati added.

For the study, between January 2006 and July 2019, 670 patients were referred to the Pisa psychiatry clinic for ECT treatment for bipolar disorder.

Depressive episodes may include symptoms such as low energy, low motivation and loss of interest in daily activities. Mood episodes last days to months at a time and may also be associated with suicidal thoughts. Unsplash

The treatment showed great success in treating bipolar sufferers, with remission rates of over 60 per cent for symptoms characteristic of bipolar “mixed states”, such as emotional overreactivity, motor hyperactivity, aggressiveness and others.

Most importantly, 77 of the patients were classified as being at severe risk of suicide.

Also Read: TRAI Decide To Avoid Regulatory Intervention On OTT Communication

After treatment only two remained at severe risk, while 65 showed no risk at all.

“This is an 84 per cent drop in suicidality after ECT treatment. We have not found this level of acute improvement with any other treatment”, said Brancati.

“This study again shows that ECT can be a life-saving treatment and should not be withheld to patients suffering from difficult to treat mood disorders such as bipolar disorder,” said study author Henricus Ruhe. (IANS)



Most Popular

Homemade Masks Effective At Blocking Droplets By Speaking, Coughing And Sneezing

Masks made with common household fabrics help prevent the spread of viruses like Covid-19 as researchers have found that they are considerably effective at...

Get Flu Shot to Avoid Having Covid and Flu Simultaneously

Health officials are warning the public to get a flu shot this year to avoid having to deal with COVID-19 and the flu simultaneously. Both...

India Couture Week Was Digital, Virtual And Democratic

It wasn't the familiar setting of the ballroom at the Taj Palace Hotel in the Capital, neither was it the familiar parade of 'shaadi'...

India’s Top Film Industry is Telugu Film Industry: Kangana Ranaut

Actress Kangana Ranaut says she wants film industries of different states to have a collective identity, and claims she wants to save the industry...

Planning a Road trip From Delhi? Here are 5 Must-Visit Destinations

By Siddhi Jain As several countries announced nationwide lockdowns in an effort to flatten the curve and break the chain, the coronavirus jolted the entire...

Top 10 Must Visit Places In Himachal Pradesh, India

Himachal Pradesh, in India, is a picture-perfect state that impresses tourists with scenic hill stations, quaint villages, snow-covered mountains, lush valleys, diverse flora and fauna,...

Here Is the Kind of Internet Connection That You Need for Your Browsing

For household and commercial use, everyone is looking out for the best internet connection. The internet has immensely evolved with time, and a need...

Here’s How Dinosaurs Caused Mammals to Develop Night Vision

By JoEllen McBride When dinosaurs ruled the earth, life was tough for our mammalian ancestors. So they learned to hunker down during the day and...

Recent Comments

Donate to NewsGram to support quality journalism.