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By- Salil Gewali
A great scientist of electronics -- Nikola Tesla once exclaimed -- “If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency and vibration.” It is perhaps the “ripe time” to take the sage words by the Serbian-born American genius to heart!
From an environmental perspective, the present world is obviously a fearsome place to be. We have in fact made the worst use of the best inventions. What scientists discovered and gave to mankind have been senselessly abused setting off the alarm of danger. We only listen to what a bunch of capitalists dictate to us. Moreover, man’s weakness has been “easily” taken for a ride in the modern times!
We just allow bouncy celebs on booming TVs to entice us into possessing fancy gadgets endlessly! We are virtually tired of cleaning our house by hand which we did with ease till a few decades back. So, we quickly browse for a new dinky vacuum cleaner that does the job in a jiffy. What is worse is we merrily junk away the old gadgets we purchased just one year ago and luxuriate ourselves in a whole range of new gadgets! We have just purchased I-phone 13 a month ago, and after a year we impatiently wait for APPLE to announce it’s I-phone-14. We hardly think of the consequences. Every single second we send the smoke up in the production of the colossal number of appliances of convenience. We hardly give a sane thought to the fact that this planet might soon run out of fuel. The environmental fallout due to excessive exploitation of the earth's crust is no less serious concern.
Unarguably we are squarely responsible for the fast pace of climate change.
Meanwhile, the UN frantically convene a series of environment conferences all over the planet in order to educate us on the catastrophic climate change that looms closer and closer! Alas, this has hardly dampened our fascination for consumer items.
Unarguably we are squarely responsible for the fast pace of climate change. Our entrenched consumerism and collective delusion have relentlessly depleted the planet’s resources with alarming consequences! This year, the world recorded an “unprecedented” number of bush fires, flash floods, volcano eruptions, earthquakes, cyclones, forest fires, melting glaciers, tornados, and much more. Mother Earth has had ENOUGH of being plundered by humanity, and is now seeking revenge!
The conscious environmentalists now in desperation try to convince us that the only way out is to lead a frugal life. Switching our elegant cars with a humble cycle can alone cheer up Mother Earth. So, get on your knees to mop and sweep. Bring back that push-button phone by taming your inner impulse of desire. Buddha’s wisdom of austerity and abstinence alone helps bring the damaged ecosystem to alignment. But very sadly, amidst the roar of extravagance and exhibitionism, this “simplistic solution” hardly sounds practical.
True, the problem is multi-fold. This calls for serious brainstorming so we may arrive at an ingenious solution. Well, we need to turn around and change our “consumption behaviors”. There is an urgency, nay emergency for shifting our dependence from fossil fuels to green energy. Biogas, solar power, wind power and hydropower could alone hold out a ray of hope. If we want to live longer and see our children happy, we need to listen to what conscious environmentalists “dictate” us. We need to rhyme with the rhythm of NATURE.
Breakthrough in generating perpetual GREEN energy
Here comes a big relief. With a bang, the two environmental scientists from Hyderabad recently put forth a great “solution”. They have come up with a breakthrough technology that can throttle back greenhouse gas emissions. It may help drastically cut down the damaging fuel consumption. The fruit of exhaustive research spanning over three decades the humble husband and wife -- Dr. Srinivas Bhaskar Chaganti and Dr. Bala Chaganti worked together and pioneered a revolutionary cyclic wheeler to address the greatest concern of modern times. Even BBC London has done extensive coverage on the technology on the 3rd Jan 2022.
The couple's efforts finally have paid off this year, as they are successful in producing a powerful battery system as “hybrid perpetual mechanical battery”.
In fact, it could be the fundamental premise to quickly build a drain-less battery. Providentially, these two lovebirds experimented with this idea with exhaustive details. Their efforts finally have paid off this year, as they are successful in producing a powerful battery system as “hybrid perpetual mechanical battery”, with the potential to provide an immediate solution to the world’s energy crisis. Formally patented on 22nd Nov. 2021 under the Government of India, this invention might go a long way in solving the energy problems of modern times.
In summary, the hybrid “perpetual mechanical battery” is an INFINITE battery of sorts, tangibly COMPOUNDING energy production with “every turn of the wheel”.
The success or failure of a technology depends on its ease of implementation in industries and factories. It needs to be both practical, scalable and marketable. With 1-MW units, the Chaganti couple estimates the production of whopping 8,760,000 units of green energy per year. This system can also run “uninterrupted for a minimum period of 25 years”, making it exponentially more efficient than any existing clean-green energy system.
Formally patented on 22nd Nov. 2021 under the Government of India, this invention might go a long way in solving the energy problems of modern times.
There is every likelihood of opening up the possibility of converting chemical batteries into mechanical setups. Who knows the idea can further be evolved and replicated in the making of a lithium battery and so on! The world will one day wake up to electronic gadgets that never run out of juice; vehicles that can travel the world without fuel!
We badly need the fuel-less power to power this civilization. Paradoxically, the earth's healing and human greed might very soon go hand in hand. It is indeed a great pride that this technological breakthrough has come from India! Kudos to the genius Chaganti couple from Hyderabad and the core team members - Mandadi Venu and Surendranath!
An India-based writer and researcher, Salil Gewali is best known for his research-based work entitled ‘Great Minds on India’ that has earned worldwide appreciation. Translated into Twelve languages, his book has been edited by a former NASA scientist – Dr. AV Murali of Houston, USA.
Scientists have long been intrigued by the presence of a much higher fraction of elements heavier than iron than is expected in carbon-rich stars, and new research by Indian astronomers has now traced its origin to the low-mass companions of these stars, from which the materials have been stolen.
Though there has been significant progress in understanding the formation and evolution of several chemical elements and their isotopes in the Universe, the origin and evolution of heavy elements, that is, elements heavier than iron, in the universe is far from being clearly understood.
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A group of astronomers from the Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru led by Prof Aruna Goswami and her doctoral students Meenakshi P. and Shejeelammal J. at IIA have analyzed the surface chemical composition of several Carbon Enhanced Metal-Poor (CEMP) stars and have achieved a significant advancement in unravelling this puzzle. This work was published in The Astrophysical Journal recently.
CEMP stars are characterized by diverse heavy elements abundance patterns and are primarily classified into four groups, based on which groups of heavy elements are more abundant. These are mostly dwarf stars, sub-giant stars, or giant stars, and stars that belong to these evolutionary stages cannot produce elements heavier than iron.
The low-mass companions have further evolved to white dwarfs that are no longer detectable. Unsplash
"At the evolutionary stages in which the stars exist, they are not expected to produce heavy elements. However, the surface chemical composition of these stars exhibit abundance of heavy elements that are about 100 to 1000 times higher than that of the Sun. So, we looked for the origin of the observed enhanced abundance of the heavy elements, deriving possible clues from the stellar surface chemical abundance signatures," Prof Goswami said.
The team analyzed high quality, high-resolution spectra of the stars acquired using 2-m Himalayan Chandra Telescope (HCT) at the Indian Astronomical Observatory, Hanle, 1.52-m Telescope at the European Southern Observatory at La Silla, Chile, and the 8.2-m SUBARU Telescope at the summit of Maunakea, Hawaii, operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, to resolve this puzzle.
They used elemental abundance ratios of certain key elements such as carbon, magnesium, strontium, barium, europium, lanthanum, etc., as diagnostics that gave important clues to the origin of the enhanced abundances.
The team analyzed high quality, high-resolution spectra of the stars acquired using 2-m Himalayan Chandra Telescope.Unsplash
In two recent papers, both published in The Astrophysical Journal, they have shown that the enhanced heavy elements observed in the CEMP stars are actually produced by their low-mass stellar companions in a phase of evolution called asymptotic giant branch (AGB) and transferred the products to the CEMP stars through various mass transfer mechanisms. The low-mass companions have further evolved to white dwarfs that are no longer detectable. The scientists employed a set of classification schemes and used spectroscopic techniques to examine if the stars show variability in radial velocity and found that most of the stars are indeed binaries. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : scientists, elements, India, astronomer, origin, low mass, stars, formation, evolution, Indian Institute of Astrophysics, composition, chemical, Japan, Chile, Hanle, astrophysics, telescope, derive, journal, stellar, carbon, magnesium, strontium, barium, europium, lanthanum.)
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Climate Change is an area of major concern in the current world. And one of its major reasons is because we humans overuse or waste the different kinds of energies that are available to us. We use a lot of non-renewable sources like fossil fuels, crude oil, coal, among others. These are gradually depleting in quantity. Instead of using these non-renewable sources, we need to be using renewable ones and try to conserve the energy that we are using.
“Energy conservation is an important factor in lessening climate change. It helps the replacement of non-renewable resources with renewable energy. The conservation of energy is frequently the most cost-effective solution to energy shortages, as well as a more ecologically friendly option than increasing energy output.”
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The most accurate way to conserve energy is to use less energy. It is vital to use energy efficiently in order to store it for future use. The idea of Energy Conservation should be ingrained in every human’s mind so that they aptly follow the energy conservation strategy.
On 14th December, India celebrates its National Energy Conservation Day, to raise awareness about the need of conserving energy by using less of it. This is to be done through competitions and workshops, debates and conferences organized throughout the whole country. Another objective of this day is to showcase India’s achievement in energy efficiency and conservation to the common masses.
The India Energy Conservation Act was implemented by BEE in 2001. BEE, Bureau of Energy Efficiency, is a constitutional body that helps the Indian Government to develop policies and strategies in order to reduce the use of energy.
In India, this day is celebrated under ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’. This year it will be celebrated from the 8th to the 14th Of December. Various activities have been undertaken by different organisations to celebrate and promote this day. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency had organized National Level Painting Competitions for school children. The topic was ‘energy conservation’. The competition was divided into State level and national level, and all of the 36 States and Union Territories took part in it. The themes for the competition were -- ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav: Energy Efficient India’ and ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav: Cleaner Planet’.
LED bulbs are energy-efficient and consume lesser energy than incandescent lights.Pixabay
The awareness programs are targeted towards students as they are the future. Children and teenagers across the globe are the ones that are actually fighting for measures to be taken to prevent the quickly escalating climate change. Young people like Greta Thunberg of Sweden and Licypriya Kangujam of India, and others, are trying to raise their voices and concerns on how badly climate change affects us and hoe to try to combat it.
The Indian Government’s ‘Gram UJALA’ program will provide LED bulbs at a heavily subsidized pricing of 10 rupees in 2579 villages across 5 states (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana), on this occasion. This programme was launched by the Union Minister of Power and New & Renewable Energy, RK Singh in March 2021 and has till date distributed over 33 lakh LED bulbs in different states. LED bulbs are energy-efficient and consume lesser energy than incandescent lights.
On National Energy Conservation Day, awards are given to honour innovations and accomplishments in energy conservation by industries, and manufacturers of BEE star labelled appliances, as well as raise awareness that energy conservation is an important part of India’s response to reducing global warming through energy savings. The awards also honour their demonstrated commitment to energy efficiency and conservation.
“India is one of the few countries to effectively achieve its goals and fulfill its promises that was signed in the historic Paris Agreement in 2015 to reverse climate change. Through its various schemes and policies, the Indian government is constantly pushing the cause of energy efficiency and conservation.”
(Keywords : energy conservation, India, energy sources, renewable, non-renewable, awareness, climate change, LED, innovation.)
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US President Joe Biden has signed an executive order that requires the federal government to achieve a goal of net-zero carbon emissions by 2050.
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"As the single largest land owner, energy consumer, and employer in the Nation, the Federal Government can catalyze private sector investment and expand the economy and American industry by transforming how we build, buy, and manage electricity, vehicles, buildings, and other operations to be clean and sustainable," the executive order said.
The order directs the federal government to use its scale and procurement power to achieve 100 per cent carbon pollution-free electricity by 2030, 100 per cent zero-emission vehicle acquisitions by 2035, and net-zero emissions from overall federal operations by 2050, including a 65 per cent emissions reduction by 2030, Xinhua news agency reported.
"The executive order will reduce emissions across federal operations, invest in American clean energy industries and manufacturing, and create clean, healthy, and resilient communities," the White House said in a fact sheet.
"Together, the President's Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, Budget for Fiscal Year 2022, and Build Back Better Act will provide agencies with the funding necessary to achieve the goals of the executive order," the White House said.
While Biden's order could help eliminate a sizable chunk of greenhouse gas emissions from federal government operations, Republicans could block spending and mandates to achieve those goals if they regain control of either the House of Representatives or the Senate in the 2022 midterm elections, according to Politico.
Harmful gases escaping from a factoryUnsplash
John Barrasso, the Republican senator from the state of Wyoming and ranking member of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, on Wednesday blamed Biden's order as the "latest attack on American energy workers".
"With this action, he's telling millions of Americans who provide most of the energy we use every day that he thinks they should be thrown out of work. What's worse, he wants to use the power of the federal government to do it," Barrasso said in a statement.
"This is not build back better - it's another backbreaking move to build bigger bureaucracy. America needs an all of the above energy strategy. President Biden's strategy is to destroy the economies of Wyoming, West Virginia and other energy producing states," he said. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : Joe Biden, America, President, federal government, carbon emmision, zero)
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