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Environmental archaeology: Towards a culture-connected nation

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Kolkata: MK Dhavalikar, noted Indian archaeologist, pushed for an environmental archaeology boost in India, which deals with reconstructing relationships between people and their surrounding culture.

He stressed on gathering people-centric data and connecting archaeological findings to culture rather than studying structures in isolation.

“The question is why must we study something? So what if structures exist at a particular location… now the emphasis must be on what these meant for the people. Environmental archaeology is the area to focus on for India,” Dhavalikar stated on sidelines of a lecture on Lord Ganesha at the Indian Museum here.

Dhavalikar also inaugurated an exhibition on the Hindu deity from the collection of the museum.

The expert historian observed that previously social archaeology was not being practiced in India but now with the advent of technology it has become possible to connect archaeological findings with the civilization that existed in the past.

“If there was a break in culture, then why did it happen? Was there a famine or drought? This is possible through technology,” said the former director of Deccan College, Pune.

MK Dhavalikar www.iitgn.ac.in
MK Dhavalikar
www.iitgn.ac.in

He said the concurrent study of environmental data such as pollen cores, plant and animal remains, fossil records, sediment layering, changes in river meanders, ocean levels, salinity records and other inanimate data can shed light on ancient man.

The 85-year-old suggested an inter-disciplinary approach to the subject to unravel people-centric data. Dhavalikar is associated with the Inamgaon excavations in Maharashtra which revealed multiple cultural phases and is considered a landmark in Indian archaeological history.

(IANS)

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Launch of 5G Technology may help Smartphone Markets to Flourish Well

The impact of the launch of 5G devices and services will fully reflect in 2020

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5G
Initially, operators providing subsidies on high-cost 5G devices, in order to poach in early users, will help push 5G device shipments. Pixabay

Launch of 5G devices and services, as well as growing demand in emerging markets like India, Russia, Indonesia, will help the global smartphone market return to growth in 2020, says a new forecast by Counterpoint Research.

This is after another year of slow sales in 2019 due to a slowdown in the developed markets due to a longer replacement cycle, increasing sales of refurbished devices, the lack of 5G iPhones, and the US trade ban on Huawei.

“We estimate that smartphone shipments in 2019 will decline by 3 per cent year-on-year (YoY). So far, in 2019, the mobile phone market faced a slowdown as many developed markets have broadly transitioned to 4G networks and smartphones.

“The launch of 5G services in 2019 will bring some relief to OEMs and reduce the quantum of market decline in 2019. However, the impact of the launch of 5G devices and services will fully reflect in 2020,” Shobhit Srivastava, Research Analyst, COunterpoint Research, said in a statement.

The decline in 2019 is attributable to growing average sale price (ASPs) of the premium tier with higher quality hardware, which will continue to increase holding periods.

Initially, operators providing subsidies on high-cost 5G devices, in order to poach in early users, will help push 5G device shipments. The prices of such devices are estimated to decline in 2020 and will further increase the adoption.

5G
Launch of 5G devices and services, as well as growing demand in emerging markets like India, Russia, Indonesia, will help the global smartphone market return to growth in 2020, says a new forecast by Counterpoint Research. Pixabay

“Looking closely at the other factors that hindered smartphone sales in 2019, we see that the untimely ban on Huawei has left a big mark on the global smartphone market. However, Huawei has been aggressively increasing its market share in China to counter the decline in overseas markets,” Srivastava added.

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The Chinese smartphone giant has already shipped over 115 million smartphones in the first half of (H1) 2019, and the push in China will help it post annual growth in 2019, the market research firm estimates. (IANS)