Thursday March 21, 2019

Ever wondered How Women are able to read Thoughts just by looking at your Eyes?

For the new study, published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, the team analysed cognitive empathy in 89,000 people on the "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" test

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a group of women
Women are better at reading mind. Wikimedia
  • The researchers show that the genetic variants on chromosome 3 in women are associated with their ability to read the mind in the eyes
  • Scientists have built upon a study first performed 20 years ago, called the “Reading the Mind in the Eyes” test
  • The results confirmed that women on average do score better on this test because of gene’s influence

London, June 9, 2017: Ever wondered how your wife or partner is able to read your thoughts and emotions just by looking at your eyes? Her ability to interpret may be the result of a gene influence, say researchers, one of Indian-origin.

The findings showed that the genetic variants on chromosome 3 in women are associated with their ability to read the mind in the eyes — known as cognitive empathy.

The closest genes in this tiny stretch of chromosome 3 include LRRN1 (Leucine Rich Neuronal 1) which is highly active in a part of the human brain called the striatum — which has been shown using brain scanning to play a role in cognitive empathy, the researchers said.

“This is an important step forward for the field of social neuroscience and adds one more piece to the puzzle of what may cause variation in cognitive empathy,” said Varun Warrier, doctoral student at the University of Cambridge.

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Scientists have built upon a study first performed 20 years ago, called the “Reading the Mind in the Eyes” test.

For the new study, published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, the team analysed cognitive empathy in 89,000 people on this test.

The results confirmed that women on average do score better on this test because of gene’s influence.

In addition, the researchers found that genetic variants that contribute to higher scores in the test also increase the risk of anorexia, but not autism, the researchers noted.

“We are excited by this new discovery, and are now testing if the results replicate, and exploring precisely what these genetic variants do in the brain, to give rise to individual differences in cognitive empathy,” explained Simon Baron-Cohen, Professor at the University of Cambridge. (IANS)

Next Story

Sweetened Beverages May Increase Risk of Early Death: Study

Sugar-sweetened beverages intake is also on the rise in developing countries, spurred by urbanisation and beverage marketing

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soda
The "soft drinks" were defined as caffeinated colas, caffeine-free colas and other carbonated beverages (such as diet ginger ale). Pixabay

Women who drink sugar sweetened beverages are at an increased risk of death from cardiovascular diseases, researchers have warned.

The study, led by Harvard University researchers, found that drinking 1-4 sugary drinks per month was linked with a one per cent increased risk of death and 2-6 drinks per week with a six per cent increase.

The increased early death risk linked with sugar-sweetened beverages consumption was more pronounced among women than among men, the findings, published in the journal Circulation, showed.

“Our results provide further support to limit intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and to replace them with other beverages, preferably water, to improve overall health and longevity,” said lead author Vasanti Malik.

However, drinking one artificially-sweetened beverage per day instead of carbonated and non-carbonated soft drinks, fruit drinks, energy drinks, and sports drinks lowered the risk of premature death.

One should go for healthier alternatives of cold drinks. Wikimedia Commons
One should go for healthier alternatives of cold drinks. Wikimedia Commons

For the study, the team analysed data from 80,647 women and 37,716 men.

The study supports policies to limit marketing of sugary beverages to children and adolescents and for implementing soda taxes.

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Sugar-sweetened beverages should be no more than 10 per cent of daily calories from added sugars.

Sugar-sweetened beverages intake is also on the rise in developing countries, spurred by urbanisation and beverage marketing, said the team. (IANS)