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Dev Anand was one of the earliest superstars of the Hindi film industry, long before the term was officially coined by the Bollywood press. With a career spanning over six decades, He has earned unconditional love from the audience with his romantic roles, and a dapper image that earned him the sobriquet ‘Gregory Peck of India’. Popular as the stylish loverboy, Dev Anand also dared to play the antihero at a time when most mainstream heroes would not dare doing so.
Saturday was the 97th birth anniversary of Dev Saab, as the industry loved to call him. Born in Shakargarh Tehsil, in a part of Punjab that is now in Pakistan, on September 26, 1923, Dev Anand made his debut as an actor with the film “Hum Ek Hain” in 1946. Over the decades, he would venture into screenwriting and filmmaking. One of the Hindi film industry’s greatest actors of all time, Padma Bhushan recipient Dev Anand shares space along with Dilip Kumar and Raj Kapoor as one of the Triumvirate that ruled Bollywood in the fifties and the sixties.
It is impossible to define Dev Anand in a limited list of films. Still, here is a chronologically arranged list of Dev Anand roles you should check out if you must understand what the magic was all about:
After “Afsar” (1950), this is the second film backed by Dev Anand under the banner of Navketan Films. He essays a gambler in the film co-starring Geeta Bali and his wife Kalpana Kartik.
Directed by Guru Dutt, the film cast Dev Anand as a character shrouded in mystery. The film, which left the audience impressed with his acting prowess also stars Geeta Bali, Purnima, and KN Singh in key roles.
TAXI DRIVER (1954)
Dev Anand plays a taxi driver in the film directed by his elder brother Chetan Anand and produced by their banner Navketan Films. The film also stars Sheila Ramani, Kalpana Kartik, and Johnny Walker.
Dev Anand stars opposite Nalini Jaywant in this film directed by Subodh Mukherjee. His character leaves you guessing right till the end of the film. “Jeevan Ke Safar Mein Rahi” is a memorable track from this film.
The Raj Khosla-directed crime thriller is one of the highlights of Dev Anand’s career, where he plays Inspector Shekhar. “Aankhon Hi Aankhon Mein” is a popular track from this film.
PAYING GUEST (1957)
Dev Anand plays a lawyer in this Subodh Mukherjee directorial, also starring Nutan. The film is still remembered for its melodious songs “Chhod Do Aanchal” and “Maana Janaab Ne Pukara Nahi”, composed by SD Burman.
NAU DO GYARAH (1957)
In this film, inspired by the American romantic comedy “It Happened One Night”, Dev Anand stars alongside Kalpana Kartik, Madan Puri, Shashikala, and Jeevan. This film marked the directorial debut of Dev Anand’s younger brother Vijay Anand.
KALA PANI (1958)
This Raj Khosla directorial is a remake of the Bengali film “Sabar Upaarey”. The film stars Dev Anand alongside Madhubala and Nalini Jaywant.
KALA BAZAR (1960)
Directed by Dev Anand’s younger brother Vijay Anand, “Kala Bazar” casts the actor as a cinema ticket blacker. The film also stars Waheeda Rehman. The film has the iconic number “Khoya Khoya Chand”.
BOMBAI KA BABU (1960)
The Raj Khosla thriller stars Dev Anand alongside Bengali superstar Suchitra Sen. The film is loosely inspired by O. Henry’s short story, “A Double-Dyed Deceiver”.
HUM DONO (1961)
Produced by Navketan Films, this film stars Dev Anand in a double role alongside Sadhana and Nanda. Melodious songs “Abhi Na Jao Chhodkar” and “Main Zindagi ka Saath” gained immense love from the audience.
TERE GHAR KE SAMNE (1963)
Dev Anand plays an architect in the self-produced film. Directed by Vijay Anand, the film stars Nutan as the female lead. “Dil Ka Bhanwar” and “Tere Ghar Ke Samne” are popular numbers from this film.
TEEN DEVIAN (1965)
Directed by Amarjeet, the film narrates the story of a poet who falls for three women. The film stars Dev Anand alongside actresses Nanda, Kalpana Mohan, and Simi Garewal. “Khwab Ho Tum Ya Koi Haqeeqat”, “Arre Yaar Meri Tum Bhi Ho Ghazab” and “Aise To Na Dekho” are a few of the popular numbers from the film’s hit soundtrack.
One of the most widely acknowledged Dev Anand films, “Guide” was produced by the actor and directed by his brother Vijay Anand. The film also stars Waheeda Rehman is adapted from RK Narayan’s novel, “The Guide”. “Aaj Phir Jeene ki Tamanna hai” and “Gaata Rahe Mera Dil” are a few evergreen numbers from this film.
JEWEL THIEF (1967)
Another iconic Dev Anand film directed by his brother Vijay Anand, and a must-watch for all Bollywood buffs. The film, produced by Dev Anand stars him alongside Ashok Kumar, Vyjayanthimala, and Tanuja. “Yeh Dil Na Hota Bechara”, “Aasman Ke Neeche”, “Dil Pukare” and “Raat Akeli Hai” are iconic songs by SD Burman in this film.
PREM PUJARI (1970)
Despite being a massive box office failure, no Dev Anand list is complete without this film, because it contains probably the most romantic song ever filmed on the actor. SD Burman scored “Phoolon Ke Rang Se” on the lyrics of Gopaldas Neeraj and the song was brought alive by the sheer genius of Kishore Kumar. The film, also starring Waheeda Rehman, Shatrughan Sinha, and Ashok Kumar, cast Dev Anand as an Army Lieutenant and tried creating drama using a war backdrop.
JOHNY MERA NAAM (1970)
Dev Anand as the hero is a CID officer who poses as the thief Johny to get himself jailed so that he can nab the villain! If that’s not enough for masala entertainment, he also finds time to romance the heroine (Hema Malini) and sings songs (Kalyanji-Anandji) that have stood the test of time.
“Dil Aaj Shayar Hai, Gham Aaj Nagma hai”… SD Burman’s mellifluous score sung by Kishore Kumar defined the dapper Dev Anand at the zenith of his romantic image. The crime drama cast Dev Anand as a local goon and ace cardsharp who falls in love with the daughter (Zaheeda) of a top cop.
HARE RAMA HARE KRISHNA (1971)
Few films that are a blockbuster at the box office also attain a sort of cult status. Dev Anand’s self-directed, written, and produced romantic musical drama saw him return with Zeenat Aman and RD Burman’s superhit score. Anand and Zeenat played siblings in this drama that highlighted the era’s hippie culture and emerging drug menace.
HEERA PANNA (1973)
The self-directed romantic drama cast saw Dev Anand reuniting with Zeenat Aman. He played Heera, a lovelorn photographer, and she was Panna, a jewel thief, in the film that had some priceless musical gems by composer RD Burman. (IANS)
Along with the undeniable natural beauty, the Kashmir valley has developed a reputation for adventurous activities like trekking, hiking, and river rafting. Kashmir has maintained its charm, allowing us to time-travel into beautiful destinations which make one forget about the stress and worries of life. The hikes in Kashmir offer adventurers to go on a self-discovery trip through nature's lap over the mountains while taking in the breathtaking scenery that surrounds them on their journey. In addition to the hikes, there are many thrilling adventure activities, like rock climbing, rope climbing, etc. Trekking across the region of mountains and lakes will allow you to experience living in the "Paradise on Earth," and you wouldn't want to return to your regular life after that.
The following are some of the finest hiking destinations in Kashmir:
#1: Kashmir Great Lakes Trek: You will be transported to a heavenly and unseen aspect of Kashmir on the Kashmir Great Lakes Trek. In addition to three high-altitude passes and five river valley crossings, this is the only trip in the Himalayas that includes seven alpine lakes, each of which is a stunning shade of green, blue, or turquoise. The extravagance is limitless and breathtakingly stunning every day: infinite blue sky, a larger-than-life backdrop of the Rocky Mountains, colourful meadows overflowing with wildflowers, river crossings are just a few examples of what you will encounter during the trek.
You will be transported to a heavenly and unseen aspect of Kashmir on the Kashmir Great Lakes Trek. | Photo by prayer flags on Unsplash
#2: Sonamarg-Vishansar-Bandipora Trek: The Sonamarg-Vishansar-Bandipora trek is a one-of-a-kind experience that provides a glimpse into Kashmir's undiscovered regions. Sonamarg, famously known as the Meadows of Gold, is the starting point for this fascinating journey that is the perfect experience for anyone looking to get away from the frantic tourist rush. This trek is a fascinating journey that allows nature enthusiasts to bask in the splendour of nature's grandeur. The trek goes over many high mountain passes, some as high as 4000 metres in elevation. The hiking route, in addition to providing breathtaking views of the magnificent Vishansar Lake, provides visitors with the chance to see more than 50 alpine lakes.
Sonamarg, famously known as the Meadows of Gold, is the starting point for this fascinating journey. | Photo by YASER NABI MIR on Unsplash
ALSO READ: Top 10 Beautiful Sights To VIsit In Kashmir
#3: Tral-Narastan-Marsar Trek: The Tral-Narastan-Marsar trek is filled with a range of exciting experiences from beginning to end. The hiking trail passes past a waving saffron field, beautiful meadows, and several streams. The path also crosses the Dachigam National Park, where there is an opportunity to see various animal species. Trekkers may take in spectacular views of the high mountains running parallel to them as they cut and pass through Narastan, a Hindu pilgrimage place.
The Tral-Narastan-Marsar trek is filled with a range of exciting experiences from beginning to end. | Wikimedia Commons
#4: Chhatargul-Mahlish-Gangabal: The journey, which passes through beautiful locations such as Chattargul, Mahlish, Kolsar, and Trunkul, provides a peek into an utterly uninhabited wilderness of Kashmir. There are lakes and meadows adorned with flowers along the route as one trek into the alpine wilderness. Trekkers can also enjoy fishing in the crystal clear lakes, camping, or just seeing towering snow-capped mountains while on their journey.
There are lakes and meadows adorned with flowers along the route as one treks into the alpine wilderness. | Wikimedia Commons
#5: Kolahoi Base Camp Trek: The Kolahoi Base Camp trek in Kashmir has been famous since the early 1900s and has been a goal for many seasoned hikers from across the world. While Srinagar serves as the beginning point for the trip, it is in Aru Valley that the actual hiking begins. The Kolahoi Base Camp Trek is a gentle adventure that is ideal for novices and families with children. The breathtaking sight of the peaks rising into the sky on the horizon of the Pirpanjal and Karakoram ranges is certainly worth capturing. It is considered to be one of the most popular treks in the Kashmir valley.
The Kolahoi Base Camp Trek is a gentle adventure that is ideal for novices and families with children. | Wikimedia Commons
Kashmir's natural splendour, with its beautiful valleys and towering mountains, is really unlike anywhere. Trekking through various valleys and peaks while taking in the scenic beauty is something that always calms the heart and provides us with memories that we will remember for a lifetime.
Keywords: Kashmir, Lakes, Alpine, Hiking, Trekking, Treks, Sonamarg, Gangabal, Kolahoi, Chhatargul, Mahlish, Tral, Narastan, Marsar
The Pitru Paksha starts after the Full Moon day, and this day marks the beginning of the waning phase of the Lunar cycle. This event is roughly of 15-day period, and is of great significance. From this day, rituals like Tarpan or Tarpanam and Shradh are carried out to pay respects to dead relatives and ancestors.
It is believed that from the very first day till the last day, the unhappy souls of the deceased return to the Earth to see their family members. So, in order to ensure that the dead attain Moksha, i.e. to get liberation, family members of these souls quench their thirst and satisfy their hunger by performing the Pind Daan, which includes offering food consisting of cooked rice and black sesame seeds. The literal meaning of Pind Daan is the act of satisfying those who no longer exist physically.
For fifteen days, prayers are offered in temples and rituals are performed to help the souls get free from the cycle of birth, life, and death, and attain salvation.
At the same time, the Pitru Paksha is also an important period for people with Pitru Dosha, which means the curse imposed by the ancestors. Hence, in order to ask forgiveness, people perform Shradh rituals and offer food to the crows, who are considered as living beings that represent the dead. It is believed, if the crow eats the offered food, the ancestors are happy and pleased. But, if the crow doesn't eat the offered food and flies away, the ancestors are not happy.
The event of Pitru Paksha is widely observed by Hindus from all over the world, and they perform prayers and rituals in order to gain their ancestors blessings.
At the heart of Bangalore city, a large 300-acre space of lush greenery and heritage stands as a symbol of the city's past, present, and future. Cubbon Park is every child's favourite park, every Bangalorean's haven of fresh air, and altogether, the city's pride.
It stands testament to the past, in terms of the diversity of flora it houses. Bangalore traffic in the recent past has grown into a menace, but the stretch between MG Road and Cubbon Park is always a pleasurable place to stop and wait for the signal to turn green. The gust of wind that blows here, and the smell of mud, coupled with floral scents instantly transports citizens to Old Bangalore, where the weather was fine, and the trees loomed over roads with thick canopies that did not even allow rainwater to penetrate. Cubbon Park is also a historical site, and one of the few remaining monuments of colonial heritage in Central Bangalore. It houses many statues and among them, the most famous is that of Queen Victoria, which faces the St. Mark's Square.
The stretch outside Cubbon Park is cool and well-shaded from the canopy of trees over it. Image source: wikimedia commons
At present, Cubbon Park is known for the cultural hub that it is. It houses Jawahar Bal Bhavan, which is a large theatre that hosts film festivals through the year. Festivals, poetry open mics, and other such shows are conducted on the lawns every Sunday. A small stream runs through the park, where boat rides are held occasionally when the water level is high enough. There is a children's park on one corner, and a government-maintained aquarium, two-storeys tall, with exotic fish.
The Park has been renamed many times in the past. It was originally named Meade's Park, after Sir John Meade, the acting commissioner of Mysore in 1870. It was later changed to Cubbon Park after Sir Mark Cubbon, who was the longest-serving commissioner of the Mysore state. In 1927, the park was renamed after the Mysore Maharaja Sri Krishna Wodeyar, to celebrate his silver jubilee, since the park was developed during the reign of his ancestors. Even though it is officially named Sri Chamrajendra Park, it is still known as Cubbon Park all over the city. In fact, Bangalore was alluded the sobriquet of 'Garden City' because of the rich botanical diversity of this park.
Art Installation at Cubbon Park Image source: wikimedia commons
In many parts of the country, governments have renamed structures, places, and cities to remove traces of colonialism. But, in a city like Bangalore, there is too much evidence of the British rule. Many of the most prominent attractions of the city are known by their British identities despite the change in name. Even the city's name continues to be Bangalore, despite having been changed to Bengaluru. Last year, the British era and its achievements were celebrated in Cubbon Park when Sir Mark Cubbon's statue was moved from the grounds of the Karnataka High Court and placed in the Park.
Keywords: Cubbon Park, Mark Cubbon, British Colonialism, Cultural hub, Garden City