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- The Burdwan University has a 316-acre campus in three locations
- It has nearly 50 major buildings
- The University has 2000 externally sponsored projects
The Burdwan University, established by the then Chief Minister of West Bengal Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy on 15th June 1960, was a master plan to expand the scope of higher education beyond the metropolis.The Burdwan University results speak about its volume.
The University initiated its journey with 6 postgraduate departments and 30 undergraduate colleges. Now, with 93 postgraduate courses, 179 esteemed faculties, and 222 affiliated colleges; the Burdwan University has emerged as one of the premier institutions of higher education in India. The University was accredited with ‘Grade A’ by National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) in 2016.
The Maharaja of Burdwan
The Burdwan University is built on the estate left by the last Maharaja of Burdwan, Udaychand Mahtab. The most important part is the ‘Mahatab Manjil’, once the royal palace of the Maharaja of Burdwan, it has now been turned into the administrative centre of the university. A marble plaque at the east gate gives information about the construction of the Mahatab Manjil by British firm Macintosh and Co., it is a unique representation of early 19th century Indo-European construction and was declared a heritage building by the Government of West Bengal on the 29th April 2013.
The work of a British botanist, Golapbag is where the academic cluster of the Burdwan University is located. The garden has nearly 1200 trees, 154 rare centuries’ old mahogany trees included, the historic Golapbag has been recently declared by the Botanical Survey of India as the Bio-diversity Heritage site. Other royal sites like Tarabag, Udaykanan, and Abhoykanan have been turned into residential hubs. The University also has a lake at the centre of a 56.3-acre eco garden, that is called Krishnashavar or the Black Lake.
Vision and Objectives
The University focuses on the empowerment of youth. It is a place that offers an opportunity to invent and reinvent minds. A place that helps students to disseminate the wisdom, ancient and modern, as also the art of critiquing them, among generations of student and teacher for the betterment of the human social existence, both local and global.
Objectives of the University of Burdwan:
- Creating the most vibrant knowledge pool
- Providing comparable and competitive facilities
- Trying to achieve excellence in all fields of the university activity
- Empowering the backward social clusters of its hinterland through teaching-learning process beyond classroom
- Promoting the ethnic, social, religious and cultural diversity in unity
- Reinvigorating our composite heritage in consonance with global India
Governance of the University
The Burdwan University, an autonomous state university, has the governor of West Bengal as its Chancellor. Day-to-day administration is the leader of the Vice Chancellor, who is appointed by the Governor (on the recommendation of the state government).
However, the highest body in the administrative structure is the ‘University Court’. It deals with a diverse range of issues including human resources, financial activities, research administration and student affairs. The University court consists of ex-officio members, representatives, five nominated members, and invitees.
Members of the University Court:
- The Chancellor
- The Vice-Chancellor
- The Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Administration and Academic)
- The Deans of the Faculty councils for Post-Graduate Studies
- The Secretary, Higher Education Department, Government of West Bengal or his nominee not below the rank of Joint Secretary to the Govt. of West Bengal
- The Secretary, Finance Department, Government of West Bengal or his nominee not below the rank of Joint Secretary to the Government of West Bengal
- The Chairman, West Bengal State Council of Higher Education or his nominee
- The President, West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education
- The President, West Bengal Madrasah Education Board
- The President, West Bengal Board of Secondary Education
- The Director of Public Instruction, West Bengal or his nominee not below the rank of Additional Director
- The Chairman of the College Service Commission or a member of the Commission as his nominee
- A nominee of the Chairman of University Grants Commission
- Heads of Departments of the University
Executive Council is the next in hierarchy, it is responsible for decision-making in the matters of day-to-day affairs. The Executive Council consists of staff and student members. Further, the three faculties have their own Academic Councils consisting of Head of Departments.
To get into the line of Burdwan University’s admission is a task in itself as it consistently ranks among the best in India. Admissions in undergraduate courses of Engineering requires students to appear for WBJEE, an entrance examination that is open to students all over the country. While Postgraduate students have to appear for GATE.
For admissions in the courses of Faculty of Arts and Science, students are required to appear for an examination that is conducted by the respective department.
- Campus-wide Fiber Optic LAN
- Internet facilities provided by National Knowledge Network (NKN) has a speed of 20 MBPS
- E-Journal facilities
- On-campus NSS programs
- Health facilities like ECG, X-Ray, USG, Pathological Test, Lung Function Test, Foetal Doppler, Immunization, and Physiotherapy
The University also has a Museum and Art Gallery.
The Burdwan University has a 398-acre campus spread in three locations, in which 95% of postgraduate and undergraduate students live on-campus. With a faculty-student ratio of 25:1, 22 eminent scientists are currently working as members of the University. The University has a research budget of 123.45 million and has 2000 externally sponsored projects. All in all, the university is a full-package for hands-on and quality learning.
Atop the Vindhyagiri hills in Karnataka, a 57-foot-tall statue stands. This is the statue of Lord Gomateshwara, or Bahubali, as he is known to the local patrons. The surrounding area is filled with temples where each of the many Jain Tirthankaras sits.
Sharavanabelagola is named after a pond that is located at the foothills. 'Bel' in Kannada means white, and 'kola' means pond. This is a sacred water body to the activities of the temples. It is a tourist attraction and a pilgrim destination located 85 kilometres from Mysore, and 145 kilometres from the capital, Bangalore.
The pond that Sharavanabelagola is named after Image source: wikimedia commons
Since the statue is placed at such a great height, pilgrims are made to make a journey to the top of the hill by foot. They are required to climb the stone steps barefoot as an act of piety and devotion. Palanquins are offered only to senior citizens who wish to worship at the temple.
In 3 B.C, when India was ruled by the Mauryan Dynasty, Chandragupta Maurya became a Jain monk and took up residence in the Chandragiri and Vindhyagiri hills. He is supposedly responsible for the establishment of the temple complex at Shravanabelagola, where he lived till he died. Later on, his grandson, Ashoka made some additional changes to the place.
A shop in the tourist section that sells handmade items Image source: wikimedia commons
Every twelve years, a Mahamastabhisheka is conducted, and Jains from every part congregate to witness it. The statue is washed with water, rice flour, sugarcane juice, saffrom, sandalwood paste, gold, and silver flowers, curd, ghee, milk, and turmeric, and all the monks offer special prayers. The surrounding temples and rocks are preserved as archaeological wonders owing to the 800 edicts and inscriptions found here which span 600 to 1830.
Keywords: Shravanabelagola, Jainism, Chandragupta Maurya, Ashoka, Karnataka
By Siddhi Jain
The author who named the book after her twin sons -- Puhor and Niyor -- is a parent who has seen and heard the tales of ridicule and discrimination suffered by many in India and beyond. She says the book is an artistic illustration for kids that details how different families can live and coexist. Whether it's children with two dads or two moms, children with a single dad or single mom, and even multiracial family units, Borthakur's book teaches love, understanding, and compassion towards unconventional families.
Beyond race, gender, color, and ethnicity which have formed the bases for discrimination since the beginning of time, this book aims to bring to light a largely ignored issue. For so long, single parents have been treated like a taboo without any attempt to understand their situations; no one really cares how or why one's marriage ended but just wants to treat single parents as villains simply for choosing happiness and loving their children.
Homosexual parents, a relatively new family system, is another form that has suffered hate and discrimination for many years. Pritisha emphasizes the need to understand that diversity in people and family is what makes the world beautiful and colourful. 'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories' is a firm but compassionate statement against all forms of discrimination on the bases of sexual identity, gender, race, and even differences in background
'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories' is a firm but compassionate statement against all forms of discrimination on the bases of sexual identity, gender, race and even differences in background. | Photo by Ben Wicks on Unsplash
Written for a global audience, the book is targeted at kids between the ages of five and 10, the reason it is embellished with colourful images of families of different types is to appeal to children's sense of sight and drive home the message at the same time. Borthakur believes children are the best place to start because the ages between five and 10 are the most formative, where little ones pick up habits, beliefs and perceptions.
The Guwahati-born author says, "With this book, I'm not trying to take away the job of parents in forming habits, I simply want to do my part as a parent. It is important that we impart the right values in our kids in a bid to build a better, more inclusive and tolerant global society that is fair to everyone." The author's first attempt at a book was an Assamese poetry 'Anubhav', published in 2010.
Set to be published under the label of Author's Channel, the book is like an adventure; a journey into uncharted territories, untouched subjects and matters long ignored. In her words. "The book takes a critical stand in defense of people in society who have had to undergo severe emotional torture for no cause of theirs. It is a terrible conception to think such people any less of a human just for being different," says publisher Aruna Naidu. By September 30, this title, priced at Rs 299, will be available online and in offline bookstores. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Book, children, Guwahati, Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories, moral, story, kids, discrimination, equality
If you feel that clean and well-groomed hands are just an essential prerequisite for women, you might like to think twice. Men should equally pay attention to their hands because our hand houses 1,500 bacteria living on each square centimeter of its skin. You can easily assume what havoc it can create in our body because in India we have the culture of eating with our hands and spaces beneath nails can become breeding heaven for germs. Moreover, clean and maintained hands boost confidence in their daily life activities. Therefore, it's important to keep your hands clean irrespective of your gender by washing or sanitizing at regular intervals. And, to keep them groomed, you don't have to visit a salon.
Rajesh U Pandya, Managing Director, KAI India, gives easy and completely doable tips to follow at home:
* Refrain from harsh soaps: You should be mindful of the soap you are using to wash your hands. Your soap can have a moisturizing element in it like aloe vera or shea butter. Ensure that you're washing your hands with normal water as hot water can make your hand's skin dry and scaly.
You should be mindful of the soap you are using to wash your hands. | Photo by Aurélia Dubois on Unsplash
* Clip your nails regularly: Make use of your personal nail clipper to cut your nails. After cutting your nails at a comfortable length also file them using a nail filer. Never share your nail care clipper as the germs can get transferred to your loved ones. Also, don't forget to use grime remover to remove hidden germs in corners and beneath nails. Also, you may like to file your nails to have a smooth finish.
* Good quality Nail Clipper: Do not use a rusted or chromium coated nail clipper as it might be harmful to skin and might cause dangerous bacterial infections.
* Stop the habit of nail chewing: Sometimes anxiety or extreme boredom can lead to chewing of nails. This habit only makes your nails uneven and ugly. Sometimes, our unclean nail folds give rise to viral, bacterial or fungal infections, which in turn can make us sick if we chew our nails.
Make use of your personal nail clipper to cut your nails. | Pixabay
* Exfoliate your hands: Similar to the way you exfoliate your face; your hands also need it. It helps to keep the dry skin at bay and keep your hands soft. You can buy a scrub or make one at home using brown sugar and olive oil. After scrubbing, you need to massage your hands with moisturizer.
Similar to the way you exfoliate your face; your hands also need it. It helps to keep the dry skin at bay and keep your hands soft. | Wikipedia
* Don't use your nails as tools: Always keep in mind that your nails are like jewels. Never use them to pry things open such as pop cans, removing keys from the ring, opening letters, or scraping off labels. This results in unnecessary breakage of nails, making your hands look dirty.
Never use your nails to pry things open such as pop cans, removing keys from the ring, opening letters or scraping off labels. | Photo by Sammy Williams on Unsplash
* Be aware of nail or cuticle inflammation or redness: If there are any signs of infection, disinfect the skin as soon as possible with an anti-bacterial or anti-fungal ointment.
(Article originally written by N.Lothungbeni Humtsoe) (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Nails, groom, hand, exfoliate, chew, nail clipper, bite, cuticle