Sunday July 21, 2019

Excess Male Hormones in Women May up Blindness Risk: Study

PCOS is known to be associated with increased levels of specific types of androgens, which can cause excess hair and irregular periods

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transgender
On the other hand, transmen -- those assigned female sex at birth but had male gender identity and received hormones -- had a more than three-fold rise in heart-attack risk compared with women, said the study, published in the journal, Circulation. Pixabay

Increased levels of hormone testosterone — male sex hormone — in women could cause a brain disorder that can lead to blindness, finds a new study.

The study, led by the University of Birmingham in Britain, showed that excess testosterone leads to Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH) — high pressure in the brain — resulting in blindness and daily long-term headaches in women.

The findings showed that women with IIH had raised levels of testosterones compared to those with obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

The hormones were also found to be increased in the brain fluid of women with IIH.

“These findings mark a key step forward. For the first time we have found a pattern of androgen dysregulation that is unique to IIH and potentially a driver of abnormal brain pressure in people with the condition,” said Alex Sinclair, Researcher from the varsity.

Melatonin produced by a gland in the brain can help treat blood cancers
Representational image. Pixabay

“Taken together this provides the first evidence that IIH may be a manifestation of female androgen excess,” Sinclair added.

Originally identified over 100 years ago, the cause of IIH has remained unknown yet, despite speculation about why more than 95 per cent of the total incidence is in women with obesity.

For the study, published in the journal JCI Insight, the team examined the levels of testosterone in blood and urine, as well as in brain fluid known as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), in 55 women aged 18 to 45 years with IIH.

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They then compared the results with the levels observed in women with obesity of the same age and body mass index (BMI), as well as a cohort of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

PCOS is known to be associated with increased levels of specific types of androgens, which can cause excess hair and irregular periods. (IANS)

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Survey: Only Half of Indian Women Able to Pursue Career of their Choice

It added that just five out of every 10 women are able to ask for the salary they think they deserve

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women, career
It added that just five out of every 10 women are able to ask for the salary they think they deserve. Pixabay

While most young Indian women feel that women can pursue careers that were not previously available to them, only half are actually able to pursue a career of their choice, a new survey has revealed.

The research study by skincare brand Ponds, conducted on 1,000 women aged between 18 and 35 and living across India’s metro areas, showed the glaring gap between perception and practice for women. The survey also said that among the 85 per cent women who say that more and more women are starting businesses, just 58 per cent are able to go ahead with this.

ALSO READ: Why U.S. Women’s Soccer Dominates on World Stage while Men’s Game Continues to Falter

It added that just five out of every 10 women are able to ask for the salary they think they deserve. “Almost 9 in 10 (89 per cent) feel that women today can openly speak their mind at work and in meetings; however, only about six in 10 (62 per cent) end up doing so themselves.” (IANS)