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Exclusive: When will UN take Notice of Baloch Genocide?

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Quetta Railway Station (1894)
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– By Adil Baloch

Balochistan, March 21, 2017: United Nations has passed hundreds of resolutions against the only democratic state in Middle East, Israel for committing ‘brutalities’ against Palestine, it passed resolution 106 against Israel for an attack on Egyptian forces in the Gaza strip in 1955 whereas, in December 1968 UN Security Council passed resolution 262 condemning Israel for an attack on Beirut International Airport. Israel had attacked Beirut Airport in response to an attack on the Israeli Airliner El Al Flight 253 two days earlier by the Lebanon-based Palestinian militant organisation Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).

Similarly, the United Nations passed many resolutions against Yugoslavia and concerning the Bosnian war.  In May 1992, the in resolution 752 UN security council demanded ‘respect of sovereignty and territorial integrity’ of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Surely, there are many other conflicts and wars of liberation that have attracted the attention of United Nations and prompted the UN to take action either by passing resolutions or sending peacekeeping forces to prevent the loss of human lives and preserve the territorial integrity of independent nations. That is what UN is supposed to do anyway. Protect smaller or weaker nations from powerful neighbouring nations.

However, the Balochistan conflict continues to remain off the UN radar and UN so far has not passed a single resolution against Pakistan for committing atrocities against Baloch people that tantamount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. Pakistan violated the ‘territorial integrity’ of the France-size Balochistan on 27, March 1948 when it attacked and occupied the sovereign Baloch state which it [Pakistan] recognised an independent country in August 1947. Since the illegal and forcible occupation of Balochistan, Pakistan has continuously violated all international laws and UN conventions.

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The Baloch people have never accepted the illegal occupation of their country and started a resistance movement to get rid of foreign invasion. The Baloch so far made four major attempts to regain their sovereignty. These attempts were made in 1948, 1958, 1962, 1974 but Pakistan brutally suppressed these efforts of the Baloch nation by using lethal force and western military aid.

In the early 90s the resilient Baloch nation started the current phase of their liberation struggle. The credit for the ongoing phase of Baloch freedom struggle goes to Baloch leader Hyrbyair Marri who spent years trying to find out the failure of previous Baloch struggle for independence and introduced new political strategies to make this ‘what Baloch call last push for independence’ more widespread and sustainable. It is alleged that traditionally Baloch struggle revolved around few Sardars was limited to few tribes but Hyrbyair Marri introduced the liberation movement to every nook and corner of Balochistan. He concentrated on empowering educated Baloch youth all over the Balochistan instead of relying on traditional style of tribal and regional oriented politics. Hyrbyair Marri is a visionary and experienced leader who draws his strength from Baloch masses.

Like the founding father of the state of Israel, David Ben-Gurion, Hyrbyair Marri trusts his nation and that belief has emboldened him to start the ongoing Baloch freedom movement. The courageous and freedom-loving people of Balochistan support the freedom struggle because for the first time in the history of Baloch liberation struggle the common Baloch feel empowered and as stakeholders in the liberation struggle. He introduced the historical Balochistan Liberation Charter to assure Baloch men, women, children and elderly that Balochistan belongs to them and they are the rightful owners of Balochistan. His vision of ‘one person one vote’ shows that everyone will have a say in free Balochistan. Balochistan will neither be a military garrison like Pakistan, a theocratic state like Iran nor a monarchy. It will be a democratic republic with true democratic institutions.

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The people of Balochistan have given enormous sacrifices during these 70 years to regain their freedom. Pakistani state response to Baloch political and democratic struggle has been the use of brutal forces, disappearances, indiscriminate bombardment of Baloch houses and villages and extra-judicial killings of innocent people.  In past 15 years alone, Pakistan forces abducted and disappeared over 20,000 Baloch, dumped the dead bodies of more than 5000 of the abducted Baloch and brutally killed thousands of other during military attacks and target killings.   The victims of Pakistani state terrorism include men, women, children, and elderly from all walks and professions of life. Pakistan has been using forces and killing people of Balochistan regardless of their age, religion, gender and profession. Shepherds, farmers or educated youths, Nomads or professional journalists, the list which of enforced disappeared people includes Baloch from all regions and all walk of life.

The military campaign that Pakistan started after the occupation of Balochistan in 1948, continues till date and the world including the UN have ignored Pakistani state crimes and the Baloch genocide. As recently as of March 2017 Pakistani forces attacked several villages across Balochistan and abducted Baloch women, children, and men from Dera Bugti, Kohistan Marri, Awaran and Turbat regions of Balochistan. In one of the latest attacks, Pakistan army abducted Rahm Bibi, Lal Malik, Samo, Gulzaib, Sajida, Zobida, Darbano, Farzana, Shakra, Mahrang and Mah Ganj from Mormassi Mashkey in district Awarn Balochistan.  Baloch children Balaach, Khalil and Haris were killed during these attacks.

Apart from human rights violation Pakistan has also economically deprived the Baloch nation and has been looting the natural resources of Balochistan, such as Gold, Natural Gas, Copper and Iron since the occupation of Baloch country. Pakistan has now officially made China its partner in crime to loot Balochistan’s natural resources. China is spending more than $46 million in the name of developing Gwadar Port and China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in Balochistan but the real motives of China are to build a Naval base in Gwadar to have a foothold in the strategically important transit route of Central Asia – strait of Hormuz.  The Baloch nation considers CPEC as a medium of destruction of the Baloch nation as Pakistan has already started expelling, abducting, and killing Baloch people residing on CPEC route.

The situation of Balochistan is rapidly deteriorating and it worse than the situation in Palestine, Bosnia-Herzegovina and not less serious than any other conflicts that UN has taken notice of, but UN and other international communities deliberate silence on Baloch genocide is tantamount to giving a green card to murderous Pakistan Army to turn Balochistan into another Bangladesh.

 

Author of this article, Adil Baloch hails from Makaran region of Balochistan. He is a freelance journalist and a political activist.

 

 

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  • Sapientis

    Why UN has not taken any notice of genocide of Kashmiris.?. India has killed 80000 Kashmiris.There is no genocide in Balochistan.This is propaganda by a few disgruntled tribal chiefs who are afraid of losing their grip on people.Baloch people have rejected these tribal feudals.They are abunch of losers.

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Why Is India Still carrying The Social Stigma Of Women Infanticide?

The matter of female infanticide is something that has deeply touched our heart and we feel it as our prime agenda to raise our voice against it

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Female Infanticide has been going on for many years and has resulted in the deaths of countless girl foetuses. Wikimedia Commons
Female Infanticide has been going on for many years and has resulted in the deaths of countless girl foetuses. Wikimedia Commons
  • A lot of social evils which have disgraced our history are still very much prevalent
  • Female infanticide is known to be the intentional killing of female just-born owing to people preferring male just-born
  • In China and India alone, an estimated 2,000,000 baby girls go “missing” each year

Even after so many years of independence, we are not in a position to call our country a superpower. It is not hard to believe this because in an independent country like ours exist horrific acts like the merciless killing of the girl child. A lot of social evils which have disgraced our history are still very much prevalent. The matter of female infanticide is something that has deeply touched our heart and we feel it as our prime agenda to raise our voice against it.

Female infanticide is known to be the intentional killing of female just-born owing to people preferring male just-born. This has been going on for many years and has resulted in the deaths of countless girl foetuses. People are of the opinion that the girl child is inferior to the male child and this is clearly reflected in the fact that in many parts of the world, women are still not given a status equivalent to that of men. This is no doubt the highest level of brutality and the most destructive kind of bias existing in our country and in many other countries.

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A direct proof of these facts comes from UNICEF which in its recent report concluded that 50 million girls and women are missing from the population of India because of this bias. As a matter of fact, in most countries for every 100 male births, there are approximately 105 female births. In our country, the 105 comes straight down to 93! This owes itself to 2000 odd abortions which happen illegally all over the country daily. Our people are of the opinion that only sons can provide income for the family. The system of dowry is still prevalent in some parts of the country. All these reasons have their roots in cultural beliefs of families and if female infanticide is to be stopped, then these beliefs have got to be challenged.

The government has initiated a lot of programmes to bring about a change in the attitude of people and stop these kinds of social evils. Wikimedia Commons
The government has initiated a lot of programmes to bring about a change in the attitude of people and stop these kinds of social evils. Wikimedia Commons

In countries with a history of female infanticide, the modern practice of sex-selective abortion is often discussed as a closely related issue. In several nations such as China, India and Pakistan, female infanticide remains to be a major cause of concern. It has been argued that the “low status” in which women are viewed in patriarchal societies creates a bias against females. The practice of female infanticide is found dominant among the indigenous peoples of Australia, Northern Alaska and South Asia, which seems to be “almost universal”, even in the West.

In 1990, Amartya Sen writes in the New York Review of Books estimated that there were 100 million fewer women in Asia that would be expected and that this amount of “missing” women “tells us, quietly, a terrible story of inequality and neglect leading to the excess mortality of women.”  Initially, the Sen’s suggestion of gender bias was contested and it was suggested that hepatitis B was the cause of the alteration in the natural sex ratio.

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The numerical worldwide deficit in women is widely accepted due to gender-specific abortions, infanticide and neglect. Before Islamic culture became established in Arabic country in the seventh-century, female infanticide was widely practised.  According to scholars, the fact was attributed that women were deemed “property” within those societies. Some speculated that some women wanted to prevent their daughters from a life of misery, and thus would kill the child. But with the introduction of Islamic rule, the practice was made illegal.

People in India are of the opinion that only sons can provide income for the family. Wikimedia Commons
People in India are of the opinion that only sons can provide income for the family. Wikimedia Commons

In India, dowry system is one given reason for female infanticide; over a time period spanning centuries, it has become embedded within Indian culture. Although, there are several steps taken to abolish the dowry system but the practice still persists. For the rural families, female infanticide and gender-selective abortion are attributed to the fear of being unable to raise a suitable dowry and then being socially boycotted.

In 1789, during the time of British colonial rule in India, the Britishers discovered that female infanticide in Uttar Pradesh was openly acknowledged. A study by the scholars shows that the majority of female infanticides in India during the colonial period occurred for the most part in the North West. However, not all the groups were involved in this practice it was widespread. It was only after a thorough investigation by the colonial authorities in 1870 that the practice was made illegal.

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Some age-old practices seem to be deeply rooted in the Indian culture and making India undergoing a type of “female genocide”. As per one of the reports of the United Nations, India stands out to be the most deadly country for female children, and that in 2012 female children aged between 1 and 5 were 75 percent more likely to die as opposed to boys. One of the children’s rights group called CRY has acknowledged that of 12 million females born yearly in India 1 million will have died within their first year of life. According to the United Nations, there could be a possibility of such a severe crisis that less number of females will lead to a sharp increase in sexual violence.  A consequence of this will be a complete deterioration of social values. This practice of deselecting females is mainly due to factors like religion, economic factors and socio-cultural factors.

In several nations such as China, India and Pakistan, female infanticide remains to be a major cause of concern. Wikimedia Commons
In several nations such as China, India and Pakistan, female infanticide remains to be a major cause of concern. Wikimedia Commons

The economic factor arises from the belief that sons will provide economic stability to the family by earning wages, providing farm labour for family business and support parents during old age. People tend to think that after marriage, a son brings a female addition to the family who provides help in household work as well as dowry payment brings some sort of an economic advantage.

Coming to the socio-cultural factor, it is believed that having at least one male child is essential to continue the familial line and the respect of a family in the society is proportional to the number of male children in it. According to a certain Hindu tradition, only sons are permitted perform the funeral of their parents which assists in the attainment of salvation for the deceased.

Also Read: Today’s Social Issues and their Answers to Children

The government has initiated a lot of programmes to bring about a change in the attitude of people and stop these kinds of social evils by introducing various laws, schemes and acts which favour the education of the girl-child, equal rights and equal property share. In spite of all these steps taken, there is much left to be desired.

In China and India alone, an estimated 2,000,000 baby girls go “missing” each year. They are selectively aborted, killed as newborns, or abandoned and left to die. Other countries with similar cultural traditions, who have also faced this problem are South Korea and Nepal. The root causes of female infanticide are similar but not exactly the same in Confucian countries like China and South Korea, versus predominantly Hindu countries such as India and Nepal.