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Exclusive: When will UN take Notice of Baloch Genocide?

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– By Adil Baloch

Balochistan, March 21, 2017: United Nations has passed hundreds of resolutions against the only democratic state in Middle East, Israel for committing ‘brutalities’ against Palestine, it passed resolution 106 against Israel for an attack on Egyptian forces in the Gaza strip in 1955 whereas, in December 1968 UN Security Council passed resolution 262 condemning Israel for an attack on Beirut International Airport. Israel had attacked Beirut Airport in response to an attack on the Israeli Airliner El Al Flight 253 two days earlier by the Lebanon-based Palestinian militant organisation Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).

Similarly, the United Nations passed many resolutions against Yugoslavia and concerning the Bosnian war.  In May 1992, the in resolution 752 UN security council demanded ‘respect of sovereignty and territorial integrity’ of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Surely, there are many other conflicts and wars of liberation that have attracted the attention of United Nations and prompted the UN to take action either by passing resolutions or sending peacekeeping forces to prevent the loss of human lives and preserve the territorial integrity of independent nations. That is what UN is supposed to do anyway. Protect smaller or weaker nations from powerful neighbouring nations.

However, the Balochistan conflict continues to remain off the UN radar and UN so far has not passed a single resolution against Pakistan for committing atrocities against Baloch people that tantamount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. Pakistan violated the ‘territorial integrity’ of the France-size Balochistan on 27, March 1948 when it attacked and occupied the sovereign Baloch state which it [Pakistan] recognised an independent country in August 1947. Since the illegal and forcible occupation of Balochistan, Pakistan has continuously violated all international laws and UN conventions.

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The Baloch people have never accepted the illegal occupation of their country and started a resistance movement to get rid of foreign invasion. The Baloch so far made four major attempts to regain their sovereignty. These attempts were made in 1948, 1958, 1962, 1974 but Pakistan brutally suppressed these efforts of the Baloch nation by using lethal force and western military aid.

In the early 90s the resilient Baloch nation started the current phase of their liberation struggle. The credit for the ongoing phase of Baloch freedom struggle goes to Baloch leader Hyrbyair Marri who spent years trying to find out the failure of previous Baloch struggle for independence and introduced new political strategies to make this ‘what Baloch call last push for independence’ more widespread and sustainable. It is alleged that traditionally Baloch struggle revolved around few Sardars was limited to few tribes but Hyrbyair Marri introduced the liberation movement to every nook and corner of Balochistan. He concentrated on empowering educated Baloch youth all over the Balochistan instead of relying on traditional style of tribal and regional oriented politics. Hyrbyair Marri is a visionary and experienced leader who draws his strength from Baloch masses.

Like the founding father of the state of Israel, David Ben-Gurion, Hyrbyair Marri trusts his nation and that belief has emboldened him to start the ongoing Baloch freedom movement. The courageous and freedom-loving people of Balochistan support the freedom struggle because for the first time in the history of Baloch liberation struggle the common Baloch feel empowered and as stakeholders in the liberation struggle. He introduced the historical Balochistan Liberation Charter to assure Baloch men, women, children and elderly that Balochistan belongs to them and they are the rightful owners of Balochistan. His vision of ‘one person one vote’ shows that everyone will have a say in free Balochistan. Balochistan will neither be a military garrison like Pakistan, a theocratic state like Iran nor a monarchy. It will be a democratic republic with true democratic institutions.

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The people of Balochistan have given enormous sacrifices during these 70 years to regain their freedom. Pakistani state response to Baloch political and democratic struggle has been the use of brutal forces, disappearances, indiscriminate bombardment of Baloch houses and villages and extra-judicial killings of innocent people.  In past 15 years alone, Pakistan forces abducted and disappeared over 20,000 Baloch, dumped the dead bodies of more than 5000 of the abducted Baloch and brutally killed thousands of other during military attacks and target killings.   The victims of Pakistani state terrorism include men, women, children, and elderly from all walks and professions of life. Pakistan has been using forces and killing people of Balochistan regardless of their age, religion, gender and profession. Shepherds, farmers or educated youths, Nomads or professional journalists, the list which of enforced disappeared people includes Baloch from all regions and all walk of life.

The military campaign that Pakistan started after the occupation of Balochistan in 1948, continues till date and the world including the UN have ignored Pakistani state crimes and the Baloch genocide. As recently as of March 2017 Pakistani forces attacked several villages across Balochistan and abducted Baloch women, children, and men from Dera Bugti, Kohistan Marri, Awaran and Turbat regions of Balochistan. In one of the latest attacks, Pakistan army abducted Rahm Bibi, Lal Malik, Samo, Gulzaib, Sajida, Zobida, Darbano, Farzana, Shakra, Mahrang and Mah Ganj from Mormassi Mashkey in district Awarn Balochistan.  Baloch children Balaach, Khalil and Haris were killed during these attacks.

Apart from human rights violation Pakistan has also economically deprived the Baloch nation and has been looting the natural resources of Balochistan, such as Gold, Natural Gas, Copper and Iron since the occupation of Baloch country. Pakistan has now officially made China its partner in crime to loot Balochistan’s natural resources. China is spending more than $46 million in the name of developing Gwadar Port and China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in Balochistan but the real motives of China are to build a Naval base in Gwadar to have a foothold in the strategically important transit route of Central Asia – strait of Hormuz.  The Baloch nation considers CPEC as a medium of destruction of the Baloch nation as Pakistan has already started expelling, abducting, and killing Baloch people residing on CPEC route.

The situation of Balochistan is rapidly deteriorating and it worse than the situation in Palestine, Bosnia-Herzegovina and not less serious than any other conflicts that UN has taken notice of, but UN and other international communities deliberate silence on Baloch genocide is tantamount to giving a green card to murderous Pakistan Army to turn Balochistan into another Bangladesh.

 

Author of this article, Adil Baloch hails from Makaran region of Balochistan. He is a freelance journalist and a political activist.

 

 

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  • Sapientis

    Why UN has not taken any notice of genocide of Kashmiris.?. India has killed 80000 Kashmiris.There is no genocide in Balochistan.This is propaganda by a few disgruntled tribal chiefs who are afraid of losing their grip on people.Baloch people have rejected these tribal feudals.They are abunch of losers.

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Atal Bihari Vajpayee: A Peace Visionary and a Man Who Believed in India’s Destiny and was Ready To Fight For It

It was precisely this persona of Vajpayee -- one merged in Hindutva ideology yet seemingly not wholly willing to bow to it -- that won him admirers cutting across the political spectrum.

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Atal Bihari Vajpayee,
Atal Bihari Vajpayee, India's peace visionary. Image: Flickr

Atal Bihari Vajpayee was a man of moderation in a fraternity of jingoistic nationalists; a peace visionary in a region riven by religious animosity; and a man who believed in India’s destiny and was ready to fight for it.

Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee (93), who died on Thursday, will go down in history as a person who tried to end years of hostility with Pakistan and put development on the front burner of the country’s political agenda. He was also the first non-Congress Prime Minister to complete a full five-year term.

Even though he lived the last 13 years of his life in virtual isolation, dogged by debilitating illnesses and bedridden, he has left an enduring legacy for the nation and the region where he was much loved and respected across the political spectrum and national boundaries, including in Pakistan.

Vajpayee, former Indian Prime Minister
Vajpayee stunned the world by making India a declared nuclear state. Image: Wikimedia Commons

In the tumultuous period he presided over the destiny of the world’s largest democracy, Vajpayee stunned the world by making India a declared nuclear state and then almost went to war with Pakistan before making peace with it in the most dramatic fashion.
In the process, his popularity came to match that of Indira Gandhi, a woman he admired for her guts even as he hated her politics.

He also became the best-known national leader after Indira Gandhi and her father Jawaharlal Nehru.

After despairing for years that he would never become Prime Minister and was destined to remain an opposition leader all his life, he achieved his goal, but only for 13 days, from May 16-28, 1996, after his deputy, L.K. Advani, chose not to contest elections that year.
His second term came on March 19, 1998, and lasted 13 months, a period during which India stunned the world by undertaking a series of nuclear tests that invited global reproach.

Although his tenure again proved short-lived, his and his government’s enhanced stature following the world-defying blasts enabled him to return as Prime Minister for the third time on October 13, 1999, a tenure that lasted a full five-year term.

When finally he stepped down in May 2004, after an election that he was given to believe he would win, it marked the end of a long and eventful political career spanning six decades.

Vajpayee had gone into these elections riding a personality cult that projected him as a man who had brought glory to the nation in unprecedented ways. The BJP’s election strategy rested on seeking a renewed mandate over three broad pillars of achievement that the government claimed — political stability in spite of the pulls and pressures of running a multi-party coalition; a “shining” economy that saw a dizzying 10.4 percent growth in the last quarter of the previous year; and peace with Pakistan that changed the way the two countries looked at each other for over 50 years.

The results of the elections could not have come as a greater shock to a man who was hailed for his achievements and who was named by Time magazine as one of the 100 influential men of the decade.

Success didn’t come easily to the charismatic politician, who was born on Christmas Day in 1924 in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, into a family of moderate means. His father was a school teacher and Vajpayee would later recall his early brush with poverty.

He did his Masters in Political Science, studying at the Victoria College in Gwalior and at the DAV College in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, where he first contested, and lost, elections. He began his professional career as a journalist, working with Rashtradharma, a Hindi monthly, Panchjanya, a Hindi weekly, and two Hindi dailies, Swadesh and Veer Arjun. By then he had firmly embraced the ideals of the Hindu nationalist Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh (RSS).
But even as he struggled to win electoral battles, his command over Hindi, the lingua franca of the North Indian masses, his conciliatory politics and his riveting oratory brought him into public limelight.

Also read: For Modi, Road To 2019 Will Be Steeper

His first entry into Parliament was in 1962 through the Rajya Sabha, the upper house. It was only in 1971 that he won a Lok Sabha election. He was elected to the lower house seven times and to the Rajya Sabha twice.

Vajpayee
Vajpayee spent months in prison when Indira Gandhi imposed Emergency rule in June 1975. Image: Wikimedia Commons

Vajpayee spent months in prison when Indira Gandhi imposed Emergency rule in June 1975 and put her political opponents in jail. When the Janata Party took office in 1977, dethroning the Congress for the first time, he became the foreign minister.

The lowest point in his career came when he lost the 1984 Lok Sabha polls, that too from his birthplace Gwalior, after Rajiv Gandhi won an overwhelming majority following his mother Indira Gandhi’s assassination. And the BJP he led ended up with just two seats in
the 545-member Lok Sabha, in what looked like the end of the road for the right-wing party.

In no time, Vajpayee was replaced and “eclipsed” by his long-time friend L.K. Advani.
Although they were the best of friends publicly, Vajpayee never fully agreed with Advani’s and the assorted Hindu nationalist groups’ strident advocacy of Hindutva, an ideology ranged against the idea of secular India.

Often described as the right man in the wrong party, there were also those who belittled him as a moderate “mask” to a hardline Hindu nationalist ideology. Often he found his convictions and value systems at odds with the party, but the bachelor-politician never went against it.

It was precisely this persona of Vajpayee — one merged in Hindutva ideology yet seemingly not wholly willing to bow to it — that won him admirers cutting across the political spectrum. It was this trait that made him the Prime Minister when the BJP’s allies concluded they needed a moderate to steer a hardliner, pro-Hindu party.

He brought into governance measures that created for India a distinct international status on the diplomatic and economic fronts. In his third prime ministerial stint, Vajpayee launched a widely acclaimed diplomatic initiative by starting a bus service between New Delhi and Pakistan’s Lahore city.

Its inaugural run in February 1999 carried Vajpayee and was welcomed on the border by his Pakistan counterpart Nawaz Sharif. It was suspended only after the 2001 terror attack on the Indian Parliament that nearly led to a war between the two nuclear-armed neighbours.

The freeze between the two countries, including an eyeball-to-eyeball confrontation on the border for nearly a year, was finally cracked in the spring of 2003 when Vajpayee, while in Kashmir, extended a “hand of friendship” to Pakistan. That led to the historic summit in January 2004 with then President Pervez Musharraf in Islamabad — a remarkable U-turn after the failed summit in Agra of 2001. Despite the two men being so far apart in every way, Musharraf developed a strong liking for the Indian leader.

His unfinished task, one that he would probably rue, would be the peace process with Pakistan that he had vowed to pursue to its logical conclusion and a resolution of the Kashmir dispute.

He was not known as “Atal-Ji”, a name that translates into firmness, for nothing. He could go against the grain of his party if he saw it deviate from its path. When Hindu hardliners celebrated the destruction of the 16th century Babri Mosque at Ayodhya, he was full of personal remorse for the apocalyptic action and called it — in a landmark interview to IANS — the “worst miscalculation” and a “misadventure”. He even despaired that “moderates have no place — who is going to listen to the voice of sanity?”

In his full five-year term, he successively carried forward India’s economic reforms programme with initiatives to improve infrastructure, including flagging off a massive national highway project that has become associated with his vision, went for massive privatisation of unviable state undertakings despite opposition from even within his own party.

While his personal image remained unsullied despite his long innings in the murky politics of this country, his judgment was found wanting when his government was rocked by an arms bribery scandal that sought to expose alleged payoffs to some senior members of his cabinet. His failure to speak up when members of his party and its sister organisations, who are accused of killing more than 1,000 Muslims in Gujarat, was questioned by the liberal fraternity who wondered aloud about his secular proclamations. He wanted then Chief Minister — now Prime Minister, Narendra Modi — to take responsibility for the riots and quit but was prevailed upon by others not to press his decision.

A day before his party lost power, Vajpayee was quoted as saying in a television interview that if and when he stepped down he would like to devote his time to writing and poetry. But fate ruled otherwise. The man who once rued that “I have waited too long to be Prime Minister” found his last days in a world far removed from the adulation and attention — though across the nation people prayed for his well-being — surrounded only by care-givers and close family whom he even failed to recognize. (IANS)