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Exclusive: When will UN take Notice of Baloch Genocide?

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Quetta Railway Station (1894)

– By Adil Baloch

Balochistan, March 21, 2017: United Nations has passed hundreds of resolutions against the only democratic state in Middle East, Israel for committing ‘brutalities’ against Palestine, it passed resolution 106 against Israel for an attack on Egyptian forces in the Gaza strip in 1955 whereas, in December 1968 UN Security Council passed resolution 262 condemning Israel for an attack on Beirut International Airport. Israel had attacked Beirut Airport in response to an attack on the Israeli Airliner El Al Flight 253 two days earlier by the Lebanon-based Palestinian militant organisation Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).

Similarly, the United Nations passed many resolutions against Yugoslavia and concerning the Bosnian war.  In May 1992, the in resolution 752 UN security council demanded ‘respect of sovereignty and territorial integrity’ of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Surely, there are many other conflicts and wars of liberation that have attracted the attention of United Nations and prompted the UN to take action either by passing resolutions or sending peacekeeping forces to prevent the loss of human lives and preserve the territorial integrity of independent nations. That is what UN is supposed to do anyway. Protect smaller or weaker nations from powerful neighbouring nations.

However, the Balochistan conflict continues to remain off the UN radar and UN so far has not passed a single resolution against Pakistan for committing atrocities against Baloch people that tantamount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. Pakistan violated the ‘territorial integrity’ of the France-size Balochistan on 27, March 1948 when it attacked and occupied the sovereign Baloch state which it [Pakistan] recognised an independent country in August 1947. Since the illegal and forcible occupation of Balochistan, Pakistan has continuously violated all international laws and UN conventions.

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The Baloch people have never accepted the illegal occupation of their country and started a resistance movement to get rid of foreign invasion. The Baloch so far made four major attempts to regain their sovereignty. These attempts were made in 1948, 1958, 1962, 1974 but Pakistan brutally suppressed these efforts of the Baloch nation by using lethal force and western military aid.

In the early 90s the resilient Baloch nation started the current phase of their liberation struggle. The credit for the ongoing phase of Baloch freedom struggle goes to Baloch leader Hyrbyair Marri who spent years trying to find out the failure of previous Baloch struggle for independence and introduced new political strategies to make this ‘what Baloch call last push for independence’ more widespread and sustainable. It is alleged that traditionally Baloch struggle revolved around few Sardars was limited to few tribes but Hyrbyair Marri introduced the liberation movement to every nook and corner of Balochistan. He concentrated on empowering educated Baloch youth all over the Balochistan instead of relying on traditional style of tribal and regional oriented politics. Hyrbyair Marri is a visionary and experienced leader who draws his strength from Baloch masses.

Like the founding father of the state of Israel, David Ben-Gurion, Hyrbyair Marri trusts his nation and that belief has emboldened him to start the ongoing Baloch freedom movement. The courageous and freedom-loving people of Balochistan support the freedom struggle because for the first time in the history of Baloch liberation struggle the common Baloch feel empowered and as stakeholders in the liberation struggle. He introduced the historical Balochistan Liberation Charter to assure Baloch men, women, children and elderly that Balochistan belongs to them and they are the rightful owners of Balochistan. His vision of ‘one person one vote’ shows that everyone will have a say in free Balochistan. Balochistan will neither be a military garrison like Pakistan, a theocratic state like Iran nor a monarchy. It will be a democratic republic with true democratic institutions.

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The people of Balochistan have given enormous sacrifices during these 70 years to regain their freedom. Pakistani state response to Baloch political and democratic struggle has been the use of brutal forces, disappearances, indiscriminate bombardment of Baloch houses and villages and extra-judicial killings of innocent people.  In past 15 years alone, Pakistan forces abducted and disappeared over 20,000 Baloch, dumped the dead bodies of more than 5000 of the abducted Baloch and brutally killed thousands of other during military attacks and target killings.   The victims of Pakistani state terrorism include men, women, children, and elderly from all walks and professions of life. Pakistan has been using forces and killing people of Balochistan regardless of their age, religion, gender and profession. Shepherds, farmers or educated youths, Nomads or professional journalists, the list which of enforced disappeared people includes Baloch from all regions and all walk of life.

The military campaign that Pakistan started after the occupation of Balochistan in 1948, continues till date and the world including the UN have ignored Pakistani state crimes and the Baloch genocide. As recently as of March 2017 Pakistani forces attacked several villages across Balochistan and abducted Baloch women, children, and men from Dera Bugti, Kohistan Marri, Awaran and Turbat regions of Balochistan. In one of the latest attacks, Pakistan army abducted Rahm Bibi, Lal Malik, Samo, Gulzaib, Sajida, Zobida, Darbano, Farzana, Shakra, Mahrang and Mah Ganj from Mormassi Mashkey in district Awarn Balochistan.  Baloch children Balaach, Khalil and Haris were killed during these attacks.

Apart from human rights violation Pakistan has also economically deprived the Baloch nation and has been looting the natural resources of Balochistan, such as Gold, Natural Gas, Copper and Iron since the occupation of Baloch country. Pakistan has now officially made China its partner in crime to loot Balochistan’s natural resources. China is spending more than $46 million in the name of developing Gwadar Port and China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in Balochistan but the real motives of China are to build a Naval base in Gwadar to have a foothold in the strategically important transit route of Central Asia – strait of Hormuz.  The Baloch nation considers CPEC as a medium of destruction of the Baloch nation as Pakistan has already started expelling, abducting, and killing Baloch people residing on CPEC route.

The situation of Balochistan is rapidly deteriorating and it worse than the situation in Palestine, Bosnia-Herzegovina and not less serious than any other conflicts that UN has taken notice of, but UN and other international communities deliberate silence on Baloch genocide is tantamount to giving a green card to murderous Pakistan Army to turn Balochistan into another Bangladesh.

 

Author of this article, Adil Baloch hails from Makaran region of Balochistan. He is a freelance journalist and a political activist.

 

 

  • Sapientis

    Why UN has not taken any notice of genocide of Kashmiris.?. India has killed 80000 Kashmiris.There is no genocide in Balochistan.This is propaganda by a few disgruntled tribal chiefs who are afraid of losing their grip on people.Baloch people have rejected these tribal feudals.They are abunch of losers.

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Concerns Rise Over China’s Stand at United Nations Human Rights Council

China has passed human rights reviews twice before this one, while more than 120 countries Beijing's human rights record during the most recent process.

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The 22nd session of the U.N. Human Rights Council meets in Geneva on Feb. 25, 2013. RFA

Rights activists are increasingly worried that Beijing’s influence operations are having a negative impact on the work of the United Nations Human Rights Council, which concludes its 40th session on Friday.

Human Rights Watch (HRW) China director Sophie Richardson warned in an article this week that China is seeking to undermine the mission of the U.N. Human Rights Council from within.

She also cited HRW research in 2017 which reported threats and harassment of U.N. staff involved in human rights evaluation by Chinese officials.

“As we head towards the final phase of [China’s U.N. human rights review], ask yourself: What other government threatens #humanrights treaty body experts?” Richardson tweeted on Thursday.

“As an [Human Rights Council] member #China is expected to uphold highest standards,” she wrote in another tweet, referencing a report in The New York Times. “Instead it tells people that merely attending an event is a ‘hostile act.'”

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During the recent round, the Chinese government said it accepted most of the 346 human rights recommendations put forward by the council. VOA

According to HRW’s 2017 article based on a 97-page report: “Chinese officials have at times harassed and intimidated U.N. staff, experts on treaty bodies, and independent experts focusing on specific human rights issues.”

The 2014 death in detention of activist Cao Shunli, who was detained on her way to a U.N. human rights event in Geneva, also sent a “chilling” message to Chinese activists who may want to participate in the U.N. human rights process, the article said.

HRW isn’t the only human rights organization worried about Chinese influence at the U.N.

Renee Xia, who heads the Chinese Human Rights Defenders (CHRD) network, reported from a side-event of the Human Rights Council conference in Geneva this week that it was “standing room only.”

“Strong show of interest despite #China urging countries not to attend,” Xia tweeted.

“The strong attendance was more remarkable esp. after #China officials went to many countries’ diplomats at the U.N., Geneva, to threaten them with “serious consequences” if they attended the side events,” she wrote in another tweet.

“#Bullying at the UN must stop!” she wrote.

‘So many restrictions’

Wang Dan, a former leader of the 1989 student-led pro-democracy movement on Tiananmen Square, is also in Geneva this week.

“To tell you the truth, my feelings during my two days here are that China has huge influence at the U.N.,” Wang told RFA.

“For example, at one side-event, it wasn’t just the Chinese delegation who spoke against [criticisms of Beijing’s rights record], but other countries came to speak in support of China’s position,” he said.

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“Many of the countries participating in the Human Rights Council are actually the ones that are carrying out the most violations of human rights, Pixabay

Wang said tight controls over public speech also make it less likely that the ruling Chinese Communist Party will have to face criticism of human rights violations coming from within its own borders.

“There are a lot of people online in China, but they are under so many restrictions,” he said. “You can’t mention the Tiananmen Massacre. You can’t mention [late Nobel peace laureate and political prisoner] Liu Xiaobo. You can’t say this, you can’t say that.”

“I don’t think that’s how you define freedom … but then the Chinese point to the U.N. charter, which says that all member states must be respected,” he said.

‘Autocratic rule the default’

Veteran New York-based rights activist Liu Qing said the work of the council had become “unrecognizable” to him.

“Many of the countries participating in the Human Rights Council are actually the ones that are carrying out the most violations of human rights,” Liu told RFA.

“The only purpose of these countries in insinuating themselves into the Human Rights Council is to curb the positive role of the Human Rights Council and make autocratic rule the default setting on the international stage,” he said.

Amnesty International blogger Shao Jiang wrote in December 2018 that Beijing is reinterpreting universal human rights as merely the right to survival, freedom to access food, and regards other definitions of human rights as secondary to trade and economic development.

“The Chinese government has appointed government officials as independent experts into the UN’s Human Rights Council Advisory Committee, and the U.N. treaty bodies,” Shao said.

China has passed human rights reviews twice before this one, while more than 120 countries Beijing’s human rights record during the most recent process.

During the recent round, the Chinese government said it accepted most of the 346 human rights recommendations put forward by the council.

Also Read: Myanmar Government Calls Ethnic Armed Groups To Attend Collective Peace Discussions For The First Time

The United Nations now reports annually on government reprisals against human rights defenders participating in U.N. human rights efforts, Richardson wrote in an article in The Hill last December.

“China has topped the list of offenders in every report issued,” she said. (RFA)