Wednesday April 24, 2019

Exercise Cuts Risk of Chronic Disease in Older Adults

For the study, the researchers interviewed more than 1,500 Australian adults aged over 50 and followed them over a 10-year period

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Some older adults may not be able to engage in vigorous activity or high levels of physical activity
Some older adults may not be able to engage in vigorous activity or high levels of physical activity. Pixabay

Older adults who exercise above the current recommended levels may have a reduced risk of developing chronic disease as compared to those who do not exercise, a new study has found.

The findings suggested that people who engaged in the highest levels of total physical activity were twice as likely to avoid stroke, heart disease, angina, cancer and diabetes, and be in optimal physical and mental shape 10 years later.

Older adults who did more than 5,000 metabolic equivalent minutes (MET minutes) each week saw the greatest reduction in the risk of chronic disease, suggested the study published in the journal Nature Scientific Reports.

“Some older adults may not be able to engage in vigorous activity or high levels of physical activity,” said lead author Bamini Gopinath, Associate Professor at the University of Sydney.

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Old couple running. Pixabay

“But we encourage older adults who are inactive to do some physical activity, and those who currently only engage in moderate exercise to incorporate more vigorous activity where possible,” Gopinath added.

Currently, the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends at least 600 MET minutes of physical activity each week. That is equivalent to 150 minutes of brisk walking or 75 minutes of running, the researchers mentioned.

“Our findings suggest that physical activity levels need to be several times higher than what the WHO currently recommends to significantly reduce the risk of chronic disease,” said Gopinath.

Also Read: Why Exercise on Empty Stomach May Be Better For Your Health

For the study, the researchers interviewed more than 1,500 Australian adults aged over 50 and followed them over a 10-year period.

“Our study showed that high levels of physical activity increase the likelihood of surviving an extra 10 years free from chronic diseases, mental impairment and disability,” Gopinath noted. (IANS)

Next Story

Having A Muscular Body Can Increase Your Longevity

"Rising from a chair in old age and kicking a ball depend more on muscle power than muscle strength, yet most weight-bearing exercise focuses on the latter"

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The highest value achieved after two-three attempts with increasing loads was considered the maximal muscle power and expressed relative to body weight. Values were divided into quartiles for survival analysis and analysed separately by sex. Pixabay

Want to increase your longevity? If yes, then speed up your weight-lifting routine as a new study suggests muscle power might be key to long life.

The study, presented at the EuroPrevent 2019 in Lisbon, indicates that power depends on the ability to generate force and velocity and to coordinate movement.

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“We now show that power is strongly related to all-cause mortality. But the good news is you only need to be above the median for your sex to have the best survival, with no further benefit in becoming even more powerful,” said Araújo. Pixabay

“Rising from a chair in old age and kicking a ball depend more on muscle power than muscle strength, yet most weight-bearing exercise focuses on the latter,” said study author Claudio Gil Araújo, Professor at Exercise Medicine Clinic — CLINIMEX in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

“Our study shows that people with more muscle power tend to live longer,” Araújo said.

For the study, the team enrolled 3,878 non-athletes, aged 41-85 years, who underwent a maximal muscle power test using the upright row exercise between 2001 and 2016. The average age of participants was 59 years, five per cent were over 80 and 68 per cent men.

The highest value achieved after two-three attempts with increasing loads was considered the maximal muscle power and expressed relative to body weight. Values were divided into quartiles for survival analysis and analysed separately by sex.

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The study, presented at the EuroPrevent 2019 in Lisbon, indicates that power depends on the ability to generate force and velocity and to coordinate movement. Pixabay

During a median 6.5-year follow-up, 247 men (10 per cent) and 75 women (6 per cent) died, according to the study.

Muscle power start decreasing after 40 years of age.

Also Read: FBI-Affiliated Portals Information Made Public by Hackers

“We now show that power is strongly related to all-cause mortality. But the good news is you only need to be above the median for your sex to have the best survival, with no further benefit in becoming even more powerful,” said Araújo.

The researchers suggest multiple exercises for the upper and lower body, weight with the load to achieve the maximal power (not so easy to lift and not so heavy that you can barely lift it) may increase muscle power. (IANS)