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Facing Dry Eye Syndrome? Tips to Cure it

It is necessary to prevent and manage dry eyes. Some of the steps that one should practice are:

Facing Dry Eye Syndrome? Tips to Cure it
Facing Dry Eye Syndrome? Tips to Cure it. Pixabay

According to the American Association of Ophthalmology, approximately 3.2 million women and 1.7 million men over the age of 50 suffer from chronic dry eyes. So, it’s time to react. Experts suggest that use of lubricating ointment and fish oil supplements can help in curing the condition.

The surface of eye is always covered with a thin layer of liquid known as the tear film, essential for health of eye.

Sanjay Dhawan, director, Ophthalmology, at Fortis Hospital, says that chilly winds of winter season affect the eyes, causing dry eye syndrome because of cold, dry outdoor air and dry indoor heat.

People above 50 years are at higher risk of dry eye condition. It commonly occurs among men of 50-plus age and women above 55-60. If menopause occurs at early age, than the chances of developing dry eye syndrome during winter weather gets increased even among middle-aged women, reads a statement.

It is necessary to prevent and manage dry eyes. Some of the steps that one should practice are:

Representational image.
Representational image. Pixabay

* Patients should wear sunglasses to protect eyes from cold wind and excess light.

* Artificial tears also known as tear substitutes should be applied at least four times a day. It may be used as often as necessary – only once or twice a day, or as often as several times an hour.

* If the condition aggravates, use lubricating ointment at bedtime.

* Run a humidifier to put moisture back into the air.

* Lay a warm, damp washcloth across your eyelids for a couple minutes.

* Add more Omega-3 fatty acids or fish oil supplements to your diet.

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* Keep the home environment humid, between 30 and 50 percent. During winter, a humidifier may be used to add moisture to dry indoor air. Additional humidity can be created by wearing special glasses that form a moisture chamber around the eye.

* Drink extra fluids and use a hot- or cold-air humidifier.

* Eat plenty of fish and foods with vitamin A, C, E and Omega-3 fatty acids.

* Drink lots of water and get plenty of rest.

* Green tea and chrysanthemum tea are beneficial for eyes and prevent eyes fatigue.

* Turn down the heat at homes which dries out the eyes. Use a humidifier. (Bollywood Country)

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Cases of Glaucoma show a rising trend in India, can be caused by Smoking: Doctors

A patient suffering from Glaucoma, VOA

New Delhi, March 19, 2017: As cases of glaucoma show a rising trend in India, ophthalmologists blame smoking as one of the major reasons behind it.

Besides glaucoma, several other eye diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), can also be caused or aggravated due to smoking, but only 10-20 per cent people are aware of these facts, they said.

Stating that lifestyle matters a lot for eye-related diseases, the doctors said research papers have proved that smoking increases the risk of AMD and glaucoma.

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“Smoking is very much connected to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataract, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and dry eye syndrome,” Kamal B. Kapur, from Sharp Sight Group of Eye Hospitals, told IANS.

Kapur said that people who do not smoke, but become passive smokers, also are prone to develop AMD.

Glaucoma is a disease that damages eye’s optic nerve, while AMD causes loss in the centre of the field of vision. In dry macular degeneration, the centre of the retina deteriorates. With wet macular degeneration, leaky blood vessels grow under the retina.

AMD begins as a loss of central vision which makes it difficult to read and see fine details. Over time, vision loss increases significantly.

Mahipal Sachdev, Chairperson and Managing Director of city-based Centre for Sight, said: “Vision loss due to smoking does not have any symptoms like many other eye diseases, but a dilated examination can detect eye diseases in their early stages before vision loss occurs.”

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Some other types of eye-related problems caused by excessive smoking include cataract.

“People, who smoke in excess like 10 cigarettes a day, have up to three times the risk of cataract as non-smokers. Similarly, there is a strong nexus between glaucoma and smoking,” said Sachdev.

The doctors said that there is a special need for awareness among people about the strong link between smoking and vision loss.

“In the first place, smoking has to be brought down, which actually leads to the damage of not just lungs and throat but gradually, the eye nerves also get damaged,” said Samir Sud, a city-based ophthalmologist.

Talking about the dietary habits, he said that nutrients such as Omega-3 fatty acids, zinc and vitamins C and E might help ward off age-related vision problems such as macular degeneration and cataract due to smoking. (IANS)