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10 Facts You Need To Know About Homi Bhabha

Homi Bhabha was elected as the 1st chairman of the first United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy

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Homi Bhabha was the man looking after the entire progress of research facility. Wikimedia Commons
Homi Bhabha was the man looking after the entire progress of research facility. Wikimedia Commons
  • Homi Jehangir Bhabha was one the first scientists from India who researched on nuclear program
  • In 1944, Homi Bhabha started a new unit in Indian Institute of Science
  • Due to his contribution to India’s nuclear program, he earned the title of ‘Father of Indian Nuclear Programme’

NEW DELHI: After the First World War, the topic of nuclear research was very much into the discussion. Every country was trying their best to refine their knowledge about the nuclear program. Homi Jehangir Bhabha was one the first scientists from India who dived deep into this subject. Homi Bhabha stressed upon formulating a strategy to extract power from the country’s vast thorium reserves rather than it’s going out for uranium reserves. This observation of Homi Bhabha was very much contrary to many of the countries. But for India, it experiments thoroughly explained our scientists the importance of nuclear research and energy.

When World War II broke out in 1939, Homi Bhabha was in India for a yearly vacation. But, due to the outbreak of the war, he was able to leave India. While he was forced to stay in India, he was persuaded by C.V. Raman to become a reader in physics at the famous Indian Institute of Science located in Bengaluru. C.V. Raman was a Nobel Laureate in Physics.

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Out of curiosity, Homi Bhabha accepted the offer and started his work in Physics. During that very time, he came in direct contact with Congress Party and convinced the party leaders that India needs a nuclear program. One of the several Congress Leaders was Jawaharlal Nehru was who was convinced with what Bhabha had projected.

Homi Bhabha was very much against the use of nuclear power for the weapons production. Wikimedia Commons
Homi Bhabha was very much against the use of nuclear power for the weapons production. Wikimedia Commons

In 1944, Homi Bhabha started a new unit in Indian Institute of Science and it was the much renowned Cosmic Ray Research Institute. In the same year, he conveyed his message to the trustees of Sir Dorabji Tata Trust for special facilities for working with cosmic rays; nuclear physics, high energy physics and other areas of physics. Homi Bhabha was successful in his endeavour and was granted financial help for establishing Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. Finally n 1945, the research facility was established at Royal Yacht Club’s old buildings, Bombay. The Government of Bombay was also a co-sponsor of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.

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Take a look at some of the facts related to Homi Bhabha.

1. Being a painter himself, Homi Bhabha was very much fascinated towards arts and culture. His this interest was accompanied by classical music and opera.
2. Homi Bhabha also worked with the great physicist, Niels Bohr and played a major role in the development of The Quantum Theory. He is been credited with identifying and naming the Meson Particle which was a significant mystery of that time.
3. In 1955, Homi Bhabha was elected as the 1st chairman of the first United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy.
4. Homi Bhabha was the founder and director of leading research institutions of India. One was Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and another one was Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

Homi Bhabha was awarded the Adams Prize in 1942 and a Padma Bhushan in 1954. Wikimedia Commons
Homi Bhabha was awarded the Adams Prize in 1942 and a Padma Bhushan in 1954. Wikimedia Commons

5. Homi Bhabha was very much against the use of nuclear power for the weapons production and discouraged the nuclear armament. He advocated the utilization of atomic energy to alleviate poverty.

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6. Homi Bhabha researched with German Physicist Walter Heitler for the development of the Cascade Theory. This testing helped them to better understand cosmic radiation.
7. Homi Bhabha holds a graduate degree in mechanical engineering. After completing his studies, he started his research on the nuclear program.
8. Homi Bhabha was so much into his work and passion that he remained a bachelor throughout his life.
9. Homi Bhabha stayed in a sprawling colonial bungalow known as Mehrangir in Malabar Hills.
10. For his dedication and discoveries in the nuclear program, Homi Bhabha was awarded the Adams Prize in 1942 and a Padma Bhushan in 1954. Later, he was also honoured with Fellow of the Royal Society.

Homi Bhabha was the founder and director of leading research institutions of India. Wikimedia Commons
Homi Bhabha was the founder and director of leading research institutions of India. Wikimedia Commons

11. Homi Bhabha is known for Indian Nuclear Program, Cascade Process of Cosmic Radiations Point Particles, Habha Scattering and Theoretical Prediction of Muon.
12. Due to Homi Bhabha’s contribution to India’s nuclear program, he earned the title of ‘Father of Indian Nuclear Programme’.

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Homi Bhabha’s death still remains one of the biggest mysteries in the history of India. As per official records, he passed away in an aeroplane crash in Switzerland on January 24, 1966. But as per various reports, Homi Bhabha was poisoned by CIA because America at that point was threatened by the advancements made by him and thus assassinated him by shooting his plane down.

Next Story

More Power Given to Congress State Units For 2019 Battle

The source also said that the state units have been asked to prepare a "charge-sheet" about the Modi government and its policies, particularly issues affecting the economy

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Congress on Friday promised to create one crore jobs across the southern state
Congress state units given more power for 2019 battle- wikimedia commons

Bracing up for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, the Congress has accorded more powers and autonomy to its state units in deciding candidates as well as strategising for publicity and coordination.

According to informed sources, in a meeting of the Congress core committee with state presidents held on Thursday in the national capital, the central leadership asked the state units to fill up vacancies in block and district committees at the earliest besides identifying probable candidates for the 2019 mega battle in the respective states.

“Keeping in view that there will be state-specific alliances and electoral understandings, the state units have been asked to identify potential seats that can be spare for the allies. The emphasis is also on reaching out to the grassroots and build connect with the masses at booth levels,” said a party source.

The source also said that the central leadership harped on finalising the candidate lists providing ample time for discussions on seat sharing with probable allies.

Besides the national issues including the Rafale deal, agrarian distress and unemployment, the state units have also been given a say to have local issues accommodated in the party manifesto for 2019.

credit: www.indiawires.com

Congress President Rahul Gandhi has constituted a 19-member Manifesto Committee to chalk out the manifesto for the general elections.

The source also said that the state units have been asked to prepare a “charge-sheet” about the Modi government and its policies, particularly issues affecting the economy.

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Gandhi has already constituted a nine-member “core committee” to supervise and organise the party’s preparations for general elections that includes party veterans like A.K. Antony, Ghulam Nabi Azad, P. Chidambaram and Mallikarjun Kharge.

With the party persistently raising the issue of tampering of electronic voting machines (EVMs), state units have also been asked to organise workshops to educate the party workers about the functioning of the machines and guard against any malpractices. (IANS)