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15 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About BARC

Homi Bhabha was the man looking after the entire progress of research facility. He was known for devising the correct expression for scattering electrons, by a process called as ‘Bhabha scattering’.

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The Core philosophy of BARC is the peaceful application of nuclear energy, but nuclear bombs are just as important for peace. Wikimedia Commons
The Core philosophy of BARC is the peaceful application of nuclear energy, but nuclear bombs are just as important for peace. Wikimedia Commons
  • BARC’s core mandate is to sustain peaceful applications of nuclear energy, primarily for power generation
  • BARC operates a number of research reactors across the country
  • BARC designed India’s very first pressurized water reactor of 80mw capacity at Kalpakkam facility

The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is India’s premier nuclear research facility based in Trombay, Mumbai, and Maharashtra. BARC is a research centre for advanced research and development covering the nuclear science and related areas. BARC’s core mandate is to sustain peaceful applications of nuclear energy, primarily for power generation.

The Core philosophy of BARC is the peaceful application of nuclear energy, but nuclear bombs are just as important for peace.

BARC manages all aspects of nuclear power generation, from the theoretical design of reactors, computerised modelling, risk analysis, development and testing of new reactor fuel materials, etc. It also conducts research in spent fuel processing, and safe disposal of nuclear waste. Its other research focus areas are applications for isotopes in industries, medicine, agriculture, etc. BARC operates a number of research reactors across the country.

BARC till date has successfully established multiple 5 Power Reactors. Wikimedia Commons
BARC till date has successfully established multiple 5 Power Reactors. Wikimedia Commons

Homi Bhabha was the man looking after the entire progress of research facility. He was known for devising the correct expression for scattering electrons, by a process called as ‘Bhabha scattering’. According to reports, Homi Bhabha died in a mysterious air crash. There are assassination conspiracy theories going around the corners that the plane by which Bhabha was travelling was brought down by the CIA. Only a bag with unimportant documents was found from the site and rest everything was missing.

Also Read: Transforming Human Race: Human to TransHuman to PostHuman

  1. BARC handles all facets of nuclear power generation in India. From Designing of reactors, modelling, risk analysis and simulation, it all happens here. Just another day at work!
  2. BARC was earlier known as Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and was created in 1954. Scientists at that time were brought in from Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. The name was changed to BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Center) to honour Homi J. Bhabha.
  1. While the freedom struggle was on, Homi J. Bhabha started his career in nuclear physics in the UK, in 1939. Homi Bhabha– Father of Indian Nuclear Program – was visiting India in 1939 on a holiday. He chose to stay back and revive its fortunes in nuclear energy.
  2. BARC till date has successfully established multiple 5 Power Reactors. Initially, the first power reactors were brought from America. But now, India is now fully equipped to carry on research and designing of nuclear reactors independently. Apsara in 1956 was the first reactor. CIRUS was another reactor provided by Canada. India used the spent fuel from CIRUS for conducting the 1st nuclear test in 1974. You can thank Canada for the CIRUS and USA for heavy water. Though they actually didn’t like India’s success in the nuclear field.
  3. BARC designed India’s very first pressurized water reactor of 80mw capacity at Kalpakkam facility.
  4. BARC employees cannot even carry a silly SIM card inside the premises. People here work from the everlasting captivity of gadgets.
  5. A total of 3,887 health-related deaths in the atomic energy hubs across the country over the last 20 years were due to cancer.

    Homi Bhabha was the man looking after the entire progress of research facility. Wikimedia Commons
    Homi Bhabha was the man looking after the entire progress of research facility. Wikimedia Commons
  6. Nearly one scientist/officer per month on an average in the last 20 years took his or her life. As per the Investigations, the infamous chain of events was either due to family problems or prolonged illness. Sad but true.
  7. BARC played a significant role in making India the 6th country in the world to have a nuclear submarine. India does boast about being one of the very few nations, who have nuclear strike capability from land, air and sea. The submarine developed by our scientist can go untraced from one end of Indian Ocean to the other without being traced and it adds muscles to India’s second strike capability. Needless to mention, India adheres to no-first policy for nuclear warfare.
  8. In the context of Civilian Research, BARC scientist has successfully developed 15 new varieties of groundnuts. That includes 3 varieties of mustard, 2 of soybean, 8 of greengram, 5 of blackgram and many more. The recently produced large seed mutant varieties rewarded many farmers, traders and exporters by virtue of their moderate seed dormancy and superior productivity.
  9. BARC has decided to establish 3 multi-million and multi-products plants in Punjab. The facilities will be fully equipped to handle the crop diversification needs of the state. The facility will be used for the processing of high yielding varieties of potatoes, sugarcane and maize.
  10. BARC and ECIL have jointly developed an IDSN (Indian Deep Space Antenna System) that will be used for reception of data from Chandrayaan-1.
  11. Dhruva reactor developed at BARC is Pride of the Nation. Dhruva reactor is the most crucial achievement of BARC till date as this reactor is totally designed, commissioned and constructed by Indians. The thing that makes it special is the fact that the reactor uses heavy water as coolant and uranium as a fuel.
  12. BARC has developed an indigenous tool for detection of Fluoride levels in groundwater. More than 1,000 companies all over India have already adopted this new technology, and more are ready to make a go for it. This tool enables companies to detect fluoride levels in water, in order to protect people from related diseases.
BARC handles all facets of nuclear power generation in India. Wikimedia Commons
BARC handles all facets of nuclear power generation in India. Wikimedia Commons

Also Read: All You Need to Know About Jagadish Chandra Bose

Despite the tight budgets and lack of support from foreign countries, BARC was successful in putting atoms in the service of the nation.

Salutes to all people who worked tirelessly at BARC over the years to achieve one milestone after another!

  • vinay patil

    I am sorry to say but many corrections are needed here. You may correct those facts.
    For example, the name of BARC was AEET (Atomic Energy Establishment Trombay). Also please give reference to the claims. you said more than 1000 companies.. please cite reference.

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Jio Mobile Service Gone to the Dogs?

All the bonanza of offers is short-lived. JIO is now no more the same

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Jio
The most remarkable thing that came about after Jio entry is that it drastically brought down the tariff. Wikimedia Commons

 BY SALIL GEWALI

People were overjoyed when Jio Reliance came with a bang and offered “free” internet service along with free unlimited calls. Its app was very attractive having a lot of features. All this generosity was for the purpose, as the bait to catch the big fish. Many were envious of Jio-users watching their favorite songs or videos just at a click — so smooth, so seamless. It was an unprecedented shower of entertainment for the mobile freaks. Maybe in a time period of less than two years, this JIO gobbled up all the customers of major players in the field. So much so that his own brother’s company – “Reliance Communication” received a death blow. This Reliance Communication has allegedly defrauded lakhs of its customers by not “refunding” the security deposits till the date.

Jio
In Frame: Indian Business Tycoon the chairman, managing director, and largest shareholder of Reliance Industries Limited also, the founder of Reliance Jio Mr. Mukesh Ambani along with wife Nita Ambani.

One wonders what kind of laws we have in the country that protect the defaulted company/owner from being punished while common men will directly be pulled up and sent to jail for such deliberate crime. JIO also dealt a crippling blow to Government-run BSNL and Aircel. Most of their customers have migrated to JIO. The most remarkable thing that came about after Jio entry is that it drastically brought down the tariff. One who used to recharge the cellphone with a whopping Rs 1500 to Rs 3000 now can recharge with just Rs 399/- and make unlimited calls and use the internet for about three months. It became possible due to internet-based 4G technology.

Jio
People were overjoyed when Jio Reliance came with a bang and offered “free” internet service along with free unlimited calls. Its app was very attractive having a lot of features. All this generosity was for the purpose, as the bait to catch the big fish.

 But all this bonanza of offers is short-lived. JIO is now no more the same. It has virtually lost its initial fervor and earnestness to serve the customers. What is really disgusting now is that its tall promises have only turned out to be hollow. People hardly can download/upload their important files. There are many areas where users can’t check their emails nor can they respond to phone calls. It does not mean that the service of other companies – like Vodafone and Airtel, BSNL, is better. They have equally made their customers unhappy. Here the tragedy is that where will we turn to for the better service. So far there is none in sight. Moreover, we have already become “depended” on the mobile set. The cell phones have excessively overpowered our minds. We can’t do away with them.  We are incessantly distracted by “silly temptation” to check how many likes our FB posts have received. All our happiness rests on all this frivolous stuff. No kidding, if the mobile companies have stolen our hard-earned money, the mobile phones have stolen our peace of mind. We are double losers.

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Salil Gewali is a well-known writer and author of ‘Great minds in India’. Twitter: @SGewali