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15 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About BARC

Homi Bhabha was the man looking after the entire progress of research facility. He was known for devising the correct expression for scattering electrons, by a process called as ‘Bhabha scattering’.

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The Core philosophy of BARC is the peaceful application of nuclear energy, but nuclear bombs are just as important for peace. Wikimedia Commons
The Core philosophy of BARC is the peaceful application of nuclear energy, but nuclear bombs are just as important for peace. Wikimedia Commons
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  • BARC’s core mandate is to sustain peaceful applications of nuclear energy, primarily for power generation
  • BARC operates a number of research reactors across the country
  • BARC designed India’s very first pressurized water reactor of 80mw capacity at Kalpakkam facility

The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is India’s premier nuclear research facility based in Trombay, Mumbai, and Maharashtra. BARC is a research centre for advanced research and development covering the nuclear science and related areas. BARC’s core mandate is to sustain peaceful applications of nuclear energy, primarily for power generation.

The Core philosophy of BARC is the peaceful application of nuclear energy, but nuclear bombs are just as important for peace.

BARC manages all aspects of nuclear power generation, from the theoretical design of reactors, computerised modelling, risk analysis, development and testing of new reactor fuel materials, etc. It also conducts research in spent fuel processing, and safe disposal of nuclear waste. Its other research focus areas are applications for isotopes in industries, medicine, agriculture, etc. BARC operates a number of research reactors across the country.

BARC till date has successfully established multiple 5 Power Reactors. Wikimedia Commons
BARC till date has successfully established multiple 5 Power Reactors. Wikimedia Commons

Homi Bhabha was the man looking after the entire progress of research facility. He was known for devising the correct expression for scattering electrons, by a process called as ‘Bhabha scattering’. According to reports, Homi Bhabha died in a mysterious air crash. There are assassination conspiracy theories going around the corners that the plane by which Bhabha was travelling was brought down by the CIA. Only a bag with unimportant documents was found from the site and rest everything was missing.

Also Read: Transforming Human Race: Human to TransHuman to PostHuman

  1. BARC handles all facets of nuclear power generation in India. From Designing of reactors, modelling, risk analysis and simulation, it all happens here. Just another day at work!
  2. BARC was earlier known as Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and was created in 1954. Scientists at that time were brought in from Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. The name was changed to BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Center) to honour Homi J. Bhabha.
  1. While the freedom struggle was on, Homi J. Bhabha started his career in nuclear physics in the UK, in 1939. Homi Bhabha– Father of Indian Nuclear Program – was visiting India in 1939 on a holiday. He chose to stay back and revive its fortunes in nuclear energy.
  2. BARC till date has successfully established multiple 5 Power Reactors. Initially, the first power reactors were brought from America. But now, India is now fully equipped to carry on research and designing of nuclear reactors independently. Apsara in 1956 was the first reactor. CIRUS was another reactor provided by Canada. India used the spent fuel from CIRUS for conducting the 1st nuclear test in 1974. You can thank Canada for the CIRUS and USA for heavy water. Though they actually didn’t like India’s success in the nuclear field.
  3. BARC designed India’s very first pressurized water reactor of 80mw capacity at Kalpakkam facility.
  4. BARC employees cannot even carry a silly SIM card inside the premises. People here work from the everlasting captivity of gadgets.
  5. A total of 3,887 health-related deaths in the atomic energy hubs across the country over the last 20 years were due to cancer.

    Homi Bhabha was the man looking after the entire progress of research facility. Wikimedia Commons
    Homi Bhabha was the man looking after the entire progress of research facility. Wikimedia Commons
  6. Nearly one scientist/officer per month on an average in the last 20 years took his or her life. As per the Investigations, the infamous chain of events was either due to family problems or prolonged illness. Sad but true.
  7. BARC played a significant role in making India the 6th country in the world to have a nuclear submarine. India does boast about being one of the very few nations, who have nuclear strike capability from land, air and sea. The submarine developed by our scientist can go untraced from one end of Indian Ocean to the other without being traced and it adds muscles to India’s second strike capability. Needless to mention, India adheres to no-first policy for nuclear warfare.
  8. In the context of Civilian Research, BARC scientist has successfully developed 15 new varieties of groundnuts. That includes 3 varieties of mustard, 2 of soybean, 8 of greengram, 5 of blackgram and many more. The recently produced large seed mutant varieties rewarded many farmers, traders and exporters by virtue of their moderate seed dormancy and superior productivity.
  9. BARC has decided to establish 3 multi-million and multi-products plants in Punjab. The facilities will be fully equipped to handle the crop diversification needs of the state. The facility will be used for the processing of high yielding varieties of potatoes, sugarcane and maize.
  10. BARC and ECIL have jointly developed an IDSN (Indian Deep Space Antenna System) that will be used for reception of data from Chandrayaan-1.
  11. Dhruva reactor developed at BARC is Pride of the Nation. Dhruva reactor is the most crucial achievement of BARC till date as this reactor is totally designed, commissioned and constructed by Indians. The thing that makes it special is the fact that the reactor uses heavy water as coolant and uranium as a fuel.
  12. BARC has developed an indigenous tool for detection of Fluoride levels in groundwater. More than 1,000 companies all over India have already adopted this new technology, and more are ready to make a go for it. This tool enables companies to detect fluoride levels in water, in order to protect people from related diseases.
BARC handles all facets of nuclear power generation in India. Wikimedia Commons
BARC handles all facets of nuclear power generation in India. Wikimedia Commons

Also Read: All You Need to Know About Jagadish Chandra Bose

Despite the tight budgets and lack of support from foreign countries, BARC was successful in putting atoms in the service of the nation.

Salutes to all people who worked tirelessly at BARC over the years to achieve one milestone after another!

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  • vinay patil

    I am sorry to say but many corrections are needed here. You may correct those facts.
    For example, the name of BARC was AEET (Atomic Energy Establishment Trombay). Also please give reference to the claims. you said more than 1000 companies.. please cite reference.

Next Story

Iran looking Forward To Continue Nuclear Enrichment Activity

President Donald Trump withdrew United States from the 2015 nuclear accord

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A bicyclist passes the nuclear power plant just outside Bushehr, Iran, Oct. 26, 2010.
A bicyclist passes the nuclear power plant just outside Bushehr, Iran, Oct. 26, 2010, VOA

Iran has informed the International Atomic Energy Agency it will resume testing of a new generation of nuclear centrifuges Wednesday.

Ali Akbar Salehi, the head of Iran’s nuclear energy agency, said Tehran would remain within the framework of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA, nuclear deal reached with the five permanent members of the United Nations plus Germany. Salehi added that the accord allowed Iran to test a new generation of nuclear centrifuges and that his country’s nuclear program is intended for peaceful civilian purposes.

Salehi says Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei issued a religious edict years ago that banned nuclear weapons.

Khamenei told a group of visitors Monday that he had issued orders for the country’s Atomic Energy Organization to increase its enrichment capacity to 190,000 centrifuges, provisionally, in accordance with the JCPOA.

President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the 2015 nuclear accord last month. Britain, France and Germany have been attempting to salvage the deal that Trump has described as “horrible” and “one-sided.”

 

Iran's head of the country's Atomic Energy Organization, Ali Akbar Salehi, attends a seminar in Tokyo, Japan, Nov. 5, 2015. logo LIVE MIDDLE EAST Iran Prepares to Resume Nuclear Enrichment Activity June 06, 2018 1:16 PM Edward Yeranian FILE: A bicyclist passes the nuclear power plant just outside Bushehr, Iran, Oct. 26, 2010. FILE: A bicyclist passes the nuclear power plant just outside Bushehr, Iran, Oct. 26, 2010. Share See comments CAIRO — Iran has informed the International Atomic Energy Agency it will resume testing of a new generation of nuclear centrifuges Wednesday. Ali Akbar Salehi, the head of Iran's nuclear energy agency, said Tehran would remain within the framework of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA, nuclear deal reached with the five permanent members of the United Nations plus Germany. Salehi added that the accord allowed Iran to test a new generation of nuclear centrifuges and that his country's nuclear program is intended for peaceful civilian purposes. Salehi says Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei issued a religious edict years ago that banned nuclear weapons. FILE - Iran's head of the country's Atomic Energy Organization, Ali Akbar Salehi, attends a seminar in Tokyo, Japan, Nov. 5, 2015. FILE - Iran's head of the country's Atomic Energy Organization, Ali Akbar Salehi, attends a seminar in Tokyo, Japan, Nov. 5, 2015. Khamenei told a group of visitors Monday that he had issued orders for the country's Atomic Energy Organization to increase its enrichment capacity to 190,000 centrifuges, provisionally, in accordance with the JCPOA. President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the 2015 nuclear accord last month. Britain, France and Germany have been attempting to salvage the deal that Trump has described as "horrible" and "one-sided." Former Iranian President Abolha
Iran’s head of the country’s Atomic Energy Organization, Ali Akbar Salehi, attends a seminar in Tokyo, Japan, Nov. 5, 2015. VOA

 

Former Iranian President Abolhassan Bani Sadr told VOA he thinks Khamenei’s decision to resume nuclear enrichment capacity is “not a well-thought out move,” and that it is having negative consequences on regional interests.

According to Bani Sadr, the decision strengthens Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s charge that Iran represents a threat to Israel and must evacuate its forces from Syria, as requested by the U.S.-Israeli-Saudi axis.

In addition, said Bani Sadr, Khamenei’s statement that Israel will be “eradicated from the face of the Earth” negatively influences public opinion against Tehran.

Khattar Abou Diab, a political science professor at the University of Paris, tells VOA that Khamenei’s decision was aimed at pressuring Europe into gaining concessions from the United States. While France’s foreign minister spoke of “red lines” that Iran must not cross, Paris, Berlin and London have asked to be exempted from new economic sanctions Trump imposed on Iran.

Also read: Israel warn Iran hints war Middle East

  • Abou Diab argues that despite Iran’s bluster, it “fears any eventual reaction or backlash from Washington.” (VOA)