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Facts About Indian Constitution You Didn’t Know Before

Indian Constitution is the ultimate rule book for Indians

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Indian Constitution is considered one of the best constitutions in the world. Wikimedia Commons
Indian Constitution is considered one of the best constitutions in the world. Wikimedia Commons
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By Ruchika Verma

  • Indian Constitution is the ultimate rulebook for Indians
  • It is one of the largest in the world and has several rules
  • Throughout years, Indian constitution has been proven beneficial in the matters of disputes

Indian Constitution is the ultimate rulebook for India and its citizens. It contains the instructions which are to be followed for the proper governance of India. Indian Constitution came out on 26th January 1950 and with it brought democracy to India.

Indian Constitution is the supreme law of India. Wikimedia Commons
Indian Constitution is the supreme law of India. Wikimedia Commons

Indian Constitution was not easy to write at all. It took lots of people and a period of about 2 years to write the constitution we follow today. There has been lots of amendments and controversies about it in the past, but it still continues to be one of the most reliable sources from which conduct of a citizen should be decided.

Here are few facts about the constitutions you probably didn’t know before:

  • It took 2 years, 11 months and 17 days for the constituent assembly to complete the constitution. The constituent assembly comprised of 283 members who signed the constitution on 26th January 1950.

    BR Ambedkar is the father of Indian constitution. Wikimedia Commons
    BR Ambedkar is the father of Indian constitution. Wikimedia Commons
  • Dr B.R. Ambedkar, who was the first law minister of independent India, was the Chairman of the constituent committee. He is also known as the “Father of Indian Constitution.”
  • No wonder constitution took more than 2 years to be completed when the first draft was put for debate and discussion, approximately 2000 amendments were made before it was finally finalised.
  • Indian Constitution is the largest constitution in the world. It has 25 parts, 448 articles, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 94 amendments.

    Indian constitution is one of the largest in the world. Wikimedia Commons
    Indian constitution is one of the largest in the world. Wikimedia Commons
  • Indian Constitution is completely handwritten. It is neither printed nor typed, it is completely hand-written by Prem Behari Narain Raizada, who wrote it in flowing calligraphic-italic style.

Also Read: Why Republic Day Is Celebrated On 26th January?

  • The date 26th January was not just random. It was specially selected since it marked the anniversary of “Purna Swaraj Day” (26th January 1930). On this day, Indian Congress started the fight for complete independence and hoisted the Indian national flag for the first time in public.

    The Constitution adopted by India on January 26, 1950, is commemorated as Republic Day. Wikimedia Commons
    The Constitution adopted by India on January 26, 1950, is commemorated as Republic Day. Wikimedia Commons
  • The original copy of the Indian Constitution is kept in a special helium-filled case in the Library of the Parliament of India in New Delhi.
  • Out of 238 members of the constituent committee, only 15 were women.

    The original constitution is stored in the Parliament of India. parliamentofindia.nic.in
    The original constitution is stored in the Parliament of India. parliamentofindia.nic.in
  • The Indian Constitution is not entirely original. It took inspiration from the constitutions of other countries as well. For eg, the concept of Five Year Plans was taken from the USSR.
  • Indian Constitution has a lot in common with the American constitution. The fundamental rights recognized by our Constitution have been adopted from the American Constitution.
238 members signed the Indian constitution. Wikimedia Commons
238 members signed the Indian constitution. Wikimedia Commons
  • Indian constitution has 9 fundamental rights. However, before the amendment of 1978, ‘Right to Property’ was also one of them, before it was deleted.
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RSS’ call to re-mould Indian Constitution

RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat says that the Army takes six to seven months to train its soldiers, the RSS can get its cadres ready for battle in two to three days

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The Sangh Parivar, better known as the Rashtriya Swayam Sewak Sangh (RSS) celebrated the 125th anniversary of the song in 2002
The Sangh Parivar, better known as the Rashtriya Swayam Sewak Sangh (RSS) celebrated the 125th anniversary of the song in 2002. Wikimedia Commons
  • RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh) is a is an Indian right-wing
  • RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat expressed his views on Indian Army’s preparation in his speech to RSS workers in Muzaffarpur in Bihar
  • Kiren Rijiju said if the Constitution permits, RSS can go ahead with its interference in military matters.

The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh wants to re-mould the Indian State with a military which adheres to Hindutva, the Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) has said.

This is the message that emerges from RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat’s speech to RSS workers in Muzaffarpur in Bihar that while the Army takes six to seven months to train its soldiers, the RSS can get its cadres ready for battle in two to three days, the CPI-M said.

“This remark has drawn widespread condemnation, with the main criticism being that the RSS chief had insulted the Indian army by claiming that the RSS can do a better job than the Army in training soldiers,” an editorial in the CPI-M journal “People’s Democracy,” said.

Also Read: Story 20 Amazing Facts About Indian Navy That Everyone Should Know

“While this criticism is valid, the intent of these remarks is much more serious,” it said. “The statement has revealed a vital aspect of the RSS outlook about the Army and the militarization of society.”

The editorial said: “What the RSS wants in the re-moulding of the Indian State is armed forces which adhere to Hindutva. For Bhagwat, the soldier in the Indian Army and the Swayamsevak of the RSS are on the same footing.

RSS support Hindus
RSS world’s largest organisation promote Hindutva.

“Under the present Indian Constitution, such an integration of the Army and the RSS is not possible.

Also Read: All you want to know about the ranks of Indian Army

That is why, both the RSS clarification and the defence put out by (Minister of State for home) Kiren Rijiju makes this qualification that if the Constitution permits, the RSS can go ahead with its interference in military matters.

“The implication is ominous: a re-worked Constitution should enable this to happen.”