Thursday December 13, 2018

Feeding cow’s milk to toddlers below 1 year is harmful to them, says Experts

Feeding Cow's milk to toddlers below one year can lead to allergic diseases

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Feeding cow's milk to toddlers below 1 year is harmful
Feeding cow's milk to toddlers below 1 year is harmful. Pixabay
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  • Though cow’s milk is associated with our culture for ages, it should not be given to toddlers below one year
  • Cow’s Milk may put a strain on the infant’s immature kidney and is also difficult to digest
  • Only 40 % of children were introduced timely complementary foods, while only 10 % children between six to 23 months received adequate diets

New Delhi, September 10, 2017: Feeding cow’s milk to toddlers below the age of one year is a growing factor behind allergic diseases, including in the respiratory and digestive system, as they cannot tolerate the protein in the milk, experts said on Sunday.

Stating that infants who do not get breast milk need an alternate form of nutrition to maintain their health, the child experts said if cow’s milk is fed at such an initial age then the low concentration of iron and its consumption during infancy is linked to anemia.

“Though cow’s milk is associated with our culture for ages, it should not be given to toddlers below one year… It may put a strain on the infant’s immature kidney and is also difficult to digest,” said Nandan Joshi, Health and Nutrition Science, Danone India.

While older infants can be fed with household complimentary food, younger ones need special hydrolyzed and amino acid-based formula which does not produce allergy.

As per the National Family Health Survey (NFHS), only 40 per cent of children were introduced timely complementary foods, while only 10 per cent children between six to 23 months received adequate diets.

The infants are given cow milk in India as awareness is low among the people, especially in rural areas.

As per the Rapid Survey on Children (RSOC), 42 per cent of nonbreastfed infants below one year received cow’s milk or any other milk.

“Allergic diseases are on the rise worldwide. The incidents are more in developed countries though it is on the rise in India as well. Milk allergy is the most common allergy in children,” said Lalit Bharadia, Consultant Paediatric Gastroenterologist at Jaipur’s Santokba Durlabhji Memorial Hospital.

“Around 3 per cent of children can’t tolerate milk protein in animal milk. Milk allergic infants, who do not get breast milk, need an alternate form of nutrition to maintain their health.”

Durlabhji said that while older infants can be fed with household complimentary food, younger ones need special hydrolyzed and amino acid-based formula which does not produce allergy.

“Such products are easily available in India.”

Allergy is a result of one or more cow’s milk proteins triggering an adverse reaction by our body’s immune system.

The symptoms vary and may affect several organ systems such as skin, digestive or the respiratory tract, possibly resulting in skin rash, eczema, vomiting, diarrhoea, colic, wheezing or excessive crying.

In a study conducted at a tertiary care hospital in India, three out of 10 children with chronic diarrhoea were estimated to be suffering from cow’s milk allergy. Globally, the prevalence rate of cow’s milk allergy is approximately 3 to 5 per cent. (IANS)

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Toddlers Like Individuals with High-status, and Avoid Bullies: Study

Further, the researchers explored whether toddlers would still prefer the winning puppet if it won by using brute force

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Toddlers
Toddlers like high-status winners, but avoid bullies. Pixabay

Toddlers like high-status individuals who win, but prefer to avoid those who win conflicts by using force, a study has found.

The results demonstrated how toddlers use social cues and prefer to affiliate themselves with the winners of conflicts and avoid those who they have seen yield to others.

“The way you behave in a conflict of interest reveals something about your social status,” said lead author Ashley Thomas from University of California, Irvine.

“Across all social animal species, those with a lower social status will yield to those above them in the hierarchy. We wanted to explore whether small children also judge high and low status individuals differently,” she added.

For the study, published in the journal Nature Human Behavior, the team included a small group of toddlers aged 21 to 31 months, and presented them with two puppets that attempt to cross a stage in opposite directions.

Toddlers
Representational image. Pixabay

When the puppets meet in the middle, they block each other’s way. One puppet then yields to the other and moves aside, allowing the other puppet to continue and reach its goal of crossing the stage.

The majority of the kids reached for the puppet that had “won” the conflict on the stage — the unyielding puppet, indicating that they preferred the high-status puppet — the one that others voluntarily yield to.

Further, the researchers explored whether toddlers would still prefer the winning puppet if it won by using brute force.

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The team exposed a new group of toddlers to the same puppet show, but this time one puppet would forcefully knock the other puppet over to reach its goal. Now a majority of children avoided the winning puppet and reached for the victim instead.

“Our results indicate that the fundamental social rules and motives that undergird core social relationships may be inherent in human nature, which itself developed during thousands of years of living together in cultural communities,” the researchers said. (IANS)