While a high fitness level is already known to have a positive impact on conditions like heart disease, a new study suggests that adults who are more fit have the lowest risk of developing lung and colorectal cancer compared with those who have low fitness levels.
For the study, the research team examined 49,143 adults who underwent exercise stress testing from 1991-2009 and followed them for a median of 7.7 years.
Those in the highest fitness category had a 77 per cent decreased risk of developing lung cancer and 61 per cent decreased risk of developing colorectal cancer, the results showed.
The study, published in the journal Cancer, showed that among individuals who developed lung cancer, those with the highest fitness had a 44 per cent decreased risk of dying during follow-up, and among adults who developed colorectal cancer, those with the highest fitness had an 89 per cent decreased risk.
“Our findings are one of the first, largest, and most diverse cohorts to look at the impact of fitness on cancer outcomes,” said Catherine Handy Marshall, Assistant Professor at Johns Hopkins University in the US.
“Fitness testing is commonly done today for many people in conjunction with their doctors. Many people might already have these results and can be informed about the association of fitness with cancer risk in addition to what fitness levels mean for other conditions, like heart disease,” Marshall added. (IANS)
If you have not been able to meet your gym goals despite persistent efforts to wake up early or hitting that running session or exercise, blame it on your personality.
According to researchers from University of Oregon, some people seem to be able to more consistently meet their goals than others, but it remained unclear if personality traits encourage individuals to achieve long-term goals in their day-to-day lives.
Conscientiousness has long been tied with healthy behaviours.
Narrowing their focus to “planfulness” — lead researcher Rita M. Ludwig and colleagues Sanjay Srivastava and Elliot T. Berkman, they zeroed in on psychological processes — such as mental flexibility, and a person’s ability to make short-term sacrifices in pursuit of future success that contribute directly to achieving long-term goals.
“There indeed appears to be a certain way of thinking about goals that correlates with long-term progress,” said Ludwig.
“What’s new in this study is that we used an objective measure of goal progress that could be recorded as participants naturally went about their lives: their check-ins at a local gym”.
The findings, published in the journal Psychological Science, suggest that self-reported levels of the trait called ‘planfulness’ may translate into real world differences in behaviour.
The team analyzed gym attendance of 282 participants over a 20-week period.
The participants, many of whom were students, provided a written description of their exercise plans and completed measures of self-control and grit.
While all participants experienced a similar decline in gym attendance over the course of each semester, individuals who rated themselves high on “planfulness” items such as “developing a clear plan when I have a goal is important to me” went to the gym more throughout both semesters compared to those who ranked themselves lower on “planfulness”.
“Planfulness” was only significantly associated with the frequency of participants’ gym attendance during the winter semester, possibly due to participants completing their physical activity plan later in the year, the researchers noted.
While there was a small, but significant relationship between participant planfulness and the level of detail in their physical activity plans, descriptiveness was unexpectedly found to have no relationship with gym attendance, Ludwig and colleagues noted.
“It seems logical that people who are successful with their goals would be able to write in detail about their planning process,” said Ludwig.
“We were surprised, then, to find no relationship between people’s goal pursuit behavior and how they wrote about their goals.” (IANS)