Wednesday February 20, 2019

Otomi Temple Destroyed in Hidalgo State, Mexico: Is Hinduism Under Threat?

Hindu Otomi temple destroyed in Mexico, community is upset over vandalism

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Image Source: Epictimes
  • A religious Otomi temple has been destroyed in a religious site extending into the forest in Hidalgo State, Mexico
  • The assailants identified themselves as Jehova’s Witnesses and said they did it because the altars appeared to be blasphemous
  • Hindu statesman Rajan Zed has urged the Mexican president and the governor to take immediate action against such acts and provide security and protection to ceremonial sites

A religious Otomi temple has been destroyed in a religious site extending into the forest in Hidalgo State, Mexico. The vandals have reported having toppled the stone structures used as altars and scattered religious offerings. Damage to carved stones, paintings, and images at the faraway mountain shrine, called Mayonihka or Mexico Chiquito, was also disclosed.

Jamie Chavez, the leader of the Otomi Nation group, mentions that the natural space itself has been destroyed and that is it easy to replace damaged objects but spaces can be difficult to restore. Chavez said Indians from several states “use the site to perform ceremonies for Mother Nature, and some even do weddings or baptisms. What the elders want is for them to stop invading, or destroying the site.

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Damage to site. Image source: Archaeology Network

A researcher has said that the assailants identified themselves as Jehova’s Witnesses and said they did it because the altars appeared to be blasphemous. However, the spokesperson for the Christian denomination in Mexico said that the accusation appeared to be untrue. “To the extent, we have been able to investigate, we found this story to be false,” he said.

Luis Perez Lugo, a professor at University of Chapingo, said, “I was there, and the Jehova’s Witnesses said they had done it,” after interviewing a nearby village whose inhabitants had executed the act. Lugo also mentioned that some of them have converted recently and used to use the site for Otomi rituals earlier. The professor also stated, “They said it (the pre-Hispanic ceremonies) weren’t in their Bible, and, in their words, they said it was piggish, garbage that wasn’t in the Bible, and so they went to clear out what was offensive to their God.”

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Hindu statesman Rajan Zed has urged the Mexican president and the governor to take immediate action against such acts and provide security and protection to ceremonial sites. Many have been damaged in the past and had to be repaired so that the followers of the tradition could continue with their religious practices

– prepared by Varsha Gupta of NewsGram. Twitter: @VarshaGupta94

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Does India’s Giant Step in the Direction of Green Energy Signal an End to Coal?

Coal consumption forecasts have already been downgraded significantly from 2013 projections, and major shifts in energy policy like Modi’s are likely to add significant weight to the idea that India might well become a much bigger player in renewable energy production in the next 20 to 30 years

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FILE - Smoke billows from chimneys of the cooling towers of a coal-fired power plant in Dadong, Shanxi province, China. VOA

When Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government announced its target to increase India’s renewable energy capacity to an equivalent of 40% of the nation’s total green energy output, it raised eyebrows. Could this mean an end to India’s coking coal industry?

Is there investment for green energy?

For any alternative to coal to be a serious consideration, there must be investment sources. Already India’s renewable target has attracted investors like Japan’s SoftBank, which agreed to a deal to sell power generated from a Northern Indian solar bank at 2.4 rupees per unit – below that of coal power, which currently costs over 3 rupees per unit.

Contrary to the enormous investment in the production of solar panels being manufactured by China, which has made them cheap enough to encourage this Indian growth in solar renewable energy, there has been relatively little investment in Indian coal.

Asia-Pacific
Workers operate machines at a coal mine at Palaran district in Samarinda, Indonesia (VOA)

For instance, state-run NTPC has cancelled several large coal mining projects, including a huge plant in Andhra Pradesh. Meanwhile, the private sector has continued investing in renewables. Adani Power has over $600 million invested in solar panels in the southern state of Tamil Nadu.

That Modi has made an investment of $42 billion in the renewable energy sector over the past four years and his renewables plan is likely to generate a further $80 billion in the green energy sector in the next four years is good news for the Rupee. External investment in India is likely a sign of increased currency transaction in forex trading signalling the Rupee gaining strength against other pairs. Like the Indian economy, millions of dollars are traded on currencies every day, and increased interest in the Rupee helps cement India’s economic and investment potential.

How reliant is India on coal power?

Not so long ago the Indian government had a target to connect 40 million households to the national grid by the end of 2018. It even tasked CIL, the state coal monopoly, to produce over a billion tonnes of coal per year by 2020, an increase of almost 100% from 2016. It’s an ambitious goal, notwithstanding the environmental impacts of mining for such an unprecedented amount of coal. This is the same coal that already generates 70% of India’s primary commercial energy requirement; compare that figure to the UK’s 11%, Germany’s 38%, and China’s 68%, while France has practically shut all of its coal power stations. This means that India’s shift from coal could have important implications for the global climate, and any investors looking towards coal would be making a very brave and risky decision.

Coal
Environmentally, coal isn’t a sustainable source of power, certainly not in current quotas.

The increasing problem with relying on coal

Environmentally, coal isn’t a sustainable source of power, certainly not in current quotas. Clean-up costs could make coal an out-of-date power source sooner rather than later. A report by Oxford University estimated that investors in coal power may lose upwards of half a trillion dollars because assets cannot be profitably run or retired early due to global temperature rises and agreed carbon emission reductions.

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Coal consumption forecasts have already been downgraded significantly from 2013 projections, and major shifts in energy policy like Modi’s are likely to add significant weight to the idea that India might well become a much bigger player in renewable energy production in the next 20 to 30 years – although it’s difficult not to see coal remaining an important power source considering India’s significantly large coal reserves still available in Eastern India.