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A Native American chef has been awarded one of the food industry’s highest honors for his efforts in revitalizing traditional indigenous food systems in North America.
On Tuesday, the James Beard Foundation (JBF) announced that Sean Sherman, a member of the Oglala Lakota Sioux tribe from the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota and founder/CEO of The Sioux Chef is to receive a Leadership Award for his work in helping Native Americans reclaim historic food and agricultural systems.
Beard awards, which Time magazine has dubbed “the Oscars” of the American food industry, are given out annually in a number of categories; the 2019 Leadership Award celebrates food system ” visionaries” and acknowledges Sherman’s extensive research into diverse Native American farming techniques, wild food usage and harvesting, land stewardship, food preservation, as well as tribal cultures and histories.
“We’re trying to raise awareness of the history of the land and on how to live sustainability on what’s around us,” said Sherman, speaking to VOA by phone during a two-hour drive to Iowa to buy heritage seeds. These seeds of rare, heirloom and open-pollinated plant varieties could disappear if not cultivated and banked.
“Even non-indigenous chefs should be really excited to learn about plant diversity to utilize in their cuisines,” he said.
Lessons of the ancestors
Prior to the arrival of European settlers, tribes hunted, fished, gathered and farmed a wide array of animals and plants, depending on their locations. By the late 1800s, forced onto reservations that were often far from their traditional homelands, tribes were restricted in their rights to hunt, fish or forage for wild food and forced to make do with U.S. Army rations of flour, lard and salt—ingredients alien to the indigenous diet. The rations were later replaced by the commodity food program.
“That has never been a nutritional program, and it has contributed to the health epidemics that we see in tribes across the country–mass obesity, mass rates of heart disease,Type Two diabetes—you name it,” said Sherman. “A change has to take place, and this is the best way to start to utilize the lessons of our ancestors that would have been passed down to us, if it hadn’t been for cultural assimilation efforts.
In 2014, Sherman launched “Sioux Chef”–a play on the French term sous-chef, the number two person in any restaurant kitchen. The Minneapolis-based business was more than just a catering company; it was a collaboration of chefs, food preservationists, botanists and enthusiasts from several U.S. tribes all bent on restoring pre-contact diets.
Sherman and Minneapolis chef/food critic Beth Dooley in 2017 published “The Sioux Chef’s Indigenous Kitchen,” a cookbook featuring modern takes on traditional ingredients: stuffed squash blossoms, for example, wild-rice cakes or venison with apples and cranberries, all made from ingredients easily found in nature. This earned him the 2018 James Beard Foundation Book Award in the Best American Cookbook category.
This year, Sherman and his team will open a Native American restaurant in Minneapolis, along with a non-profit indigenous food laboratory for shared use. “People can take classes on wild foods and education, agriculture or food preservation, and the restaurant is designed to allow people to develop their skills working alongside us in the restaurant,” he said.”Our ultimate goal is to open up indigenous food labs in cities everywhere.”
He’s also a big proponent of so-called permaculture design — working with nature to meet food needs.
“We want to get tribes to use their open spaces and landscape with the foods that are particular to their regions,” he said. That might be cultivated crops like squash, beans or corn, staples of pre-contact agriculture across the country; amaranth, a highly nutritious grain on which South American tribes once thrived; or wild rice from the Great Lakes Region.
While his work focuses on North American foods and peoples, Sherman said it has important applications for all indigenous peoples.
“We want to become a resource for anyone interested in decolonizing foodways across the globe,” he said. “It doesn’t matter if you’re in Africa or India or Southeast Asia; it’s the same story everywhere. We just want to set the tone.” (VOA)
A cryptocurrency is a digital/virtual currency, that is secured by cryptography (study of hiding information). There are over 6,500 cryptocurrencies in existence as of September 2021. The value of cryptocurrency is growing at a quick rate and analysts and experts are still expecting a sharp rise in the value of Bitcoin, the oldest, and most valuable cryptocurrency in the world. however, china doesn't seem to be on board with the idea of digital coins in its economy as it has banned dealing and trading in these digital tokens.
China has taken several decisions to curb the rise of cryptocurrency in its market since 2013 by putting in place increasingly stricter rules on virtual currencies. But on September 17th, China's central People's Bank of China (PBOC) announced that all activities from transactions made in cryptocurrency to crypto mining are deemed illegal including offering trading of digital assets, order matching, token issuance and derivatives. Anyone who's found guilty of being involved with cryptocurrencies and working for overseas platforms from within China will be severely punished. Chinese Government directed the banks to not provide any products or services such as trading, clearing and settlement for cryptocurrency transactions.
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The price of several cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, Dogecoin etc. fell drastically after China's announcement. Bitcoin fell below $30,000 for the first time in more than five months nevertheless it recovered some ground by reaching $38,131, though it was still down -10.4%. Ether under Ethereum blockchain lost as much as 22% and Dogecoin lost up to 24%. Two of the largest bitcoin exchange companies Huibo and Binance have halted new registrations for new Chinese registrations and are planning to retire current accounts adhering to the country's new policies. Huibo announced that it'll close down all existing Chinese accounts by the end of the year. The ban makes buying or selling the assets difficult for Chinese mainland investors, as they cannot do so unless they leave the country. The ban has had a major negative impact on the gaming and tech sector.
ALSO READ: The Great Indian Crypto Circus
China was once the world's biggest bitcoin trading and mining centre in 2017. But in May 2021 China's State Council vowed to ban virtual coin transactions and mining. Several Chinese crypto companies are moving out of the country so that the impact of the ban would relatively limited. But why did China went as far as banning cryptocurrency? While the reasons behind China's ban on cryptocurrency remains vague. Speculations are that crypto trading had rebounded and was threatening to the safety of people's assets and disrupting the normal economic and financial order, that it is to prevent money laundering. A report by CryptDailyUse explained that the decision was made in favour of reducing energy prices, greenhouse fuel emissions and carbon footprints concerned with cryptocurrency transactions. China's ban will put China's internet security to test as to whether they're able to find and punish people and platforms that are breaking the laws. Some analysts have claimed that determined investors will find one or the other way to make trades in crypto or they'll simply move off-shore to perform transactions.
A new version of the Akash missile- "Akash Prime" was successfully tested by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) at the Integrated Test Range in Odisha's Chandipur on Monday at around 4:30 pm. The missile intercepted and tore apart a high-speed unmanned aerial target mimicking enemy aircraft, in its first flight test after all the enhancements.
Akash Prime is equipped with an indigenous active Radio Frequency seeker to accurately locate the enemy aircraft. The upgrade includes an improved, Launcher, Multi-Function Radar and Command, Control and Communication system. The test was carried out amidst bad weather conditions and yet Akash Prime successfully detonated the threat proving the all-weather capability of the weapon system. The improvements also established that the new missile has comparatively more reliable performance under a low-temperature environment at higher altitudes
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The system performance was validated through the data captured by number Radar, Telemetry and Electro-Optical Tracking systems deployed by ITR, Chandipur," the DRDO said. The test was also witnessed by a team of Indian Air Force Officers.
Akash Prime is equipped with an indigenous active Radio Frequency seeker to accurately locate the enemy aircraft.ANI
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh congratulated the Defence Research and Development Organisation, Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Defence Public Sector Undertaking (DPSU) and industry for the successful flight of Akash-NG- " Akash Prime" Missile. He added that the development of this state-of-the-art missile system will prove to be a force multiplier for air defence capabilities of the Indian Air Force and the successful flight test demonstrates the competence of the Defence Research and Development Organisation in the design and development of world-class Missile systems.
The teams were also greeted and congratulated by the Secretary Department of Defence R&D and Chairman Defence Research and Development Organisation, Dr G Satheesh Reddy. He declared that the success of the Akash Prime team will boost the confidence of the Indian Air Force and the Indian Army as the Akash system is getting inducted and improved with more lethal and accurate missiles with capabilities to destroy high-speed agile enemy threats.
"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world."
Schools all across the world have been closed as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak. Over 1.2 billion children are out of school across the globe. (Reported by UNICEF). Because of this, education has changed immensely, with the introduction of e-learning, in which tutoring is provided remotely and using various digital platforms. According to research, virtual learning has been proven to enhance retention of information and take up less time, indicating that the changes produced by the coronavirus may be here to stay in the future.
However, many emphases have focused on "recovering" the current system, but there is a chance to "build back better".So, let's see the future of education after Covid19.
Challenges of covid for education
- Learning Loss
- Mental Health, Trauma, and Safety
- The strain on Learning: Professors, Teachers and Early Childhood Educators
Is physical learning a more effective form of learning than e-learning?
One important lesson to be learned from the COVID-19 situation is that the traditional physical teaching method with eye-to-eye contact is still the most effective form of learning. On the other hand, technology is a powerful facilitator, and as such, it has a significant role to play in the educational system.
The majority of educational institutions are trying with digital learning and trainers learning to adapt to new technologies. Training of teaching will need to be revised to include practical elements of technology in education and theoretical aspects of technology. In conjunction with improved methodology, the effective use of technology will be an essential component of teaching training programmes in the near future.
Traditional physical teaching method with eye-to-eye contact is still the most effective form of learning. | Photo by NeONBRAND on Unsplash
Why should we adopt eLearning forever?
Online education allows teachers and students to determine their learning speed and set a timetable that works for everyone. Using an online educational platform provides a better balance of professional and academics, so no sacrifices are required. Online education includes time management skills, making work-study balance more straightforward. A shared plan can encourage both students and teachers to take on new tasks and gain more autonomy.
Online education is usually cheaper than in-person schooling. Payment choices frequently include instalments or per class. This improves budget management. Many of you may be eligible for discounts or scholarships, so the cost is low. You may also save money on travel and class supplies by using free resources. In other words, the financial investment is lower, but the returns may be superior.
There are limitless skills, techniques and subjects to teach and learn on the internet. More institutions and colleges are offering online programmes for all levels and subjects. Every student can choose from learning dancing to higher mathematics. Online programmes allow you to get an official certificate, diploma, or degree without ever having to step foot on a university campus.
Tutors and students can use internet resources like YouTube videos, pictures, and eBooks to enhance their teaching and learning. This supplementary content is available at any time, anywhere, making your education more dynamic and personalised.
There are limitless skills, techniques and subjects to teach and learn on the internet. | Photo by Ralston Smith on Unsplash
Why should we not adopt eLearning forever?
The present E-Learning tends to isolate and contemplate students. As a result of the absence of social interaction, many students and teachers who spend a lot of time online might develop social isolation. Lack of communication and social isolation typically leads to mental health concerns, including stress, anxiety, and negative thinking.
However, in an eLearning environment, there are fewer external factors that motivate students. In many situations, students are left to their own devices during learning activities with no encouragement. Students pursuing E-Learning courses will frequently be expected to master a tricky subject in the comfort of their own homes, without the extra pressure of traditional universities. As a result, students who lack motivation and time management skills may struggle to meet regular deadlines when studying online.
Unfortunately, one of the significant drawbacks of E-Learning is cheating. In Online mode, students can easily cheat in examinations since they are in their own surroundings, with no supervisor and disciple around. This takes the essence of a test and assessment away from the life of a student. Without a video stream, pupils cannot be directly watched during exams. Also, without appropriate identity verification, students taking online tests may allow a third person to take the test in their place, resulting in a false test result.
Because of the absence of social interaction, many students and teachers who spend a lot of time online might develop social isolation. | Photo by Chinh Le Duc on Unsplash
Keywords: COVID, education, aftermath, e-learning, aftermath, classes, social, students