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France: India key player in climate change convention

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Source- www.livemint.com

New Delhi:  French Minister of Foreign Affairs Laurent Fabius said India will play a vital role in the discussions of the upcoming session at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP-21) under United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to be commenced from November 30 to December 11 in Paris, France.

The Paris conference will officially be the 21st annual meeting of the COP since the formation of UNFCCC in 1992, and the 11th session of the Meeting of the Parties since it was instated in the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol earlier consented but not by the United States.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President François Hollande are expected to cooperatively launch the International Solar Alliance recommended by India.

Laurent Fabius, who held discussions with Modi and Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar before the essential summit, called India as a “key” actor in the climate change convention. He also added in an interview with a news agency that resolutions “cannot” be accomplished without an agreement with significant countries like India.

Noting that India will not only participate, but realistically enhance the scheme, he further asserted that he is sure that India would provide influential answers to numerous concerns during the summit apart from “steering” other nations northwards.

He significantly commented on the developing relations between both the countries, to emphasise on the collaborative steps by the nations.

“India, for many reasons is the key player and a close friend. It is important that we could understand what the approach of India is when it comes to the summit. The presidency should be impartial and help to find solutions. But the solutions cannot be found without the consensus of the country like India,” said Fabius.

Both the ministers acknowledged to work for an impartial, realistic, inclusive and aspirational treaties, established on the doctrines of Convention of equity, and Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR&RC).

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Americans ‘Alarmed’ by Climate Change Double in Just 5 Years

Twenty-nine percent of respondents to the poll conducted last December by Yale and George Mason universities.

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Paris Climate Meet, Global Warming
A woman displays a placard during a demonstration in New York on June 1, 2017, to protest U.S. President Donald Trump's decision to pull out of the 195-nation Paris climate accord deal. VOA

The proportion of Americans found to be “alarmed” by climate change has doubled in just five years, the pollsters behind a nationwide survey revealed on Tuesday.

Twenty-nine percent of respondents to the poll conducted last December by Yale and George Mason universities were in the alarmed category — an all-time high — and twice the percentage of those surveyed in 2013.

More than 1,100 adults across the United States were asked about their beliefs, attitudes and behaviors toward climate change.

The answers were then used to classify respondents into six groups, from dismissive, or least worried about climate change, to alarmed, for those most worried.

US, New York
FILE – People cool off at the Unisphere in Queens, New York, July 2, 2018. VOA

Those deemed dismissive of global warming represented 9 percent of respondents, a drop of five points compared to 2013.

‘Green New Deal’

The findings come amid a growing polarization of the political debate over the issue of global warming in the United States.

The decision by U.S. President Donald Trump to pull out of the Paris climate deal has fired up his base, while opponents have championed a “Green New Deal” that seeks to eliminate the nation’s heat-trapping greenhouse gas emissions within a decade.

The 2015 Paris accord, agreed by nearly 200 nations, seeks to wean the global economy off fossil fuels in the second half of this century, limiting the rise in average temperatures to “well below” 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial times.

The increased visibility of global warming such debates generate could explain Americans’ rising concern, said Kenneth Sherrill, a political science professor emeritus at Hunter College in New York City.

New York, Climate
The climate in New York City in 60 years could feel like Arkansas now. Pixabay

“The more information you get there more interested that you are,” he said.

Academic research has further shown that growing exposure to bouts of extreme weather may also change minds, he added. “And it results in higher concern.”

Climate change influences economy

Climate change will cost the U.S. economy hundreds of billions of dollars by the end of the century, hitting everything from health to infrastructure, according to a 2018 government report, the Fourth National Climate Assessment Volume II.

ALSO READ: Global Warming Could Change US Cities’ Climate by 2080- Study

Meanwhile, three of the five costliest hurricanes in the United States — Harvey, Maria and Irma — occurred in 2017, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, part of the U.S. Commerce Department. (VOA)