Thursday January 23, 2020

Gender Inequality Strips Women to Control Sexual, Reproductive Options and Limit their Rights: Report

Director of UNFPA in Geneva, Monica Ferro, says gender inequality is often used to control women's sexuality and reproduction

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FILE - A woman adjusts cardboard boxes assembled to form a display highlighting the issue of teenage pregnancy in Mexico City, May 29, 2014. VOA

A new report finds gender inequality strips women of their ability to control their sexual and reproductive options and limits their right to choose when and if they wish to start a family. The United Nations Population Fund released this year’s State of the World Population report titled “Unfinished Business: The Pursuit of Rights and Choices for All.”

Since the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) was created 50 years ago, the number of births per woman has dropped by nearly half to 2.5 births. Also, there has been a significant decrease in fertility rates in the least developed countries, as well as deaths from pregnancy-related causes.

But the UNFPA reports more than 200 million women worldwide are subjected to unwanted pregnancies because they have no access to modern contraceptives. In addition, more than 800 pregnant women die each day from preventable causes because of limited access to reproductive health services. Two-thirds of maternal deaths today occur in sub-Saharan Africa, according to the report.

gender inequality
FILE – A community health worker holds up contraceptives during a lecture on family planning at a reproductive health clinic run by an NGO in Tondo city, metro Manila, Jan. 12, 2016. VOA

Director of UNFPA in Geneva, Monica Ferro, says gender inequality is often used to control women’s sexuality and reproduction.

“Gender inequality limits the ability of women to freely make fundamental decisions about when and with whom to have sex, about the use of contraception or health care, and about whether and when to seek employment, or whether to seek higher education,” Ferro said.

The report says hundreds of millions of women worldwide — typically poorer, rural and less educated — are being left behind, unable to enjoy their rights to sexual and reproductive health.

gender inequality
Director of UNFPA in Geneva, Monica Ferro, says gender inequality is often used to control women’s sexuality and reproduction. Wikimedia

Women fare best in countries that have invested most in gender-equality policies and programs, Ferro tells VOA, adding that most of these countries are in the developed world.

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“If you look at the countries who are the most challenged ones, it is countries where women still face many barriers in accessing health, in accessing especially sexual, reproductive, health and rights,” she said. “And this has to do also with specific challenges, be it specific economic crises, shortfalls.”

The UNFPA has set several goals timed to meet the sustainable development goals by 2030, including eliminating preventable maternal deaths, creating universal access to family planning, and achieving zero tolerance for violent and abusive practices that harm women and girls. (VOA)

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Women Paid Lesser Than Men in the Film Industry: Richa Chadha

Pay disparity in films continues despite discussions, says Richa Chadha

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Richa Chadha
Actress Richa Chadha says women are still paid lesser than their male counterparts in the industry. Wikimedia Commons

Actress Richa Chadha says women are still paid lesser than their male counterparts in the film business across the world despite all the talk on discrepancies.

“We have been discussing the discrepancies between male and female remuneration in every industry for quite some time now. Making up for the gap in remuneration has taken us years. Across the film business globally, women are still paid lesser compared to their male counterparts but there’s been some changes happening on that front in some parts,” Richa said.

Richa Chadha
Richa Chadha says that she notices a change in the OTT platforms regarding the issue. Wikimedia Commons

“I see a change in the OTT world. We are writing stories where such issues are being discussed and debated, thus creating a shift in conditioning. There’s a reason we broach the subject in the second season and it clearly is an important facet in Zarina’s personality shift (Zarina Malik from ‘Inside Edge’). I am glad that at this point in time I am working with filmmakers and artistes who believe in the idea that merit should be the only measure for remuneration,” she added.

On the work front, Richa is seen in “Inside Edge 2”.

Also Read- Beti Bachao Can’t Just be Relegated to a Campaign, Says Actress Shilpa Shetty

Written and directed by Karan Anshuman, “Inside Edge” revolved around the Mumbai Mavericks team — a part of PPL (Powerplay T20 League), which is a fictional Indian Premier League kind of T20 cricket tournament. The second season also features Angad Bedi, Tanuj Virwani, Sayani Gupta and Sapna Pabbi, and streams on Amazon Prime Video. (IANS)