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From the time a child is born, they are subjected to the Gender norms prevailing in the society, from smallest things like to what color they should like to what occupation one should choose is defined by the person's gender. These stereotypes have been embedded in brains. Society teaches us "pink is for girls while blue is for the boys, boys take part in sports while girls play house and when they grow older, we are taught that men are the breadwinner of the family while women take upon the role of the homemaker". These gender stereotypes, at its core, are a belief that causes its holder to make assumptions about members of the subject group; women, men, and other genders.
These gender stereotypes can be both positive and negative in nature, for instance, you may find people generalizing that "women are naturally nurturing" which is a positive outlook on the other hand there are people who stereotype "women as a weaker gender" often even dehumanizing women to a mere object for taking care of family, children and house chores. They set gender discrimination and primitive gender roles in motion.
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In an Indian context being born as a woman means, you'll have to face gender discrimination at all stages of life, and will be expected to play certain roles as a "woman". Indian households invest less in their girl child's education as they see them as liabilities that need to be married off. They limit household chores, raising children, and looking after families to women of the family irrespective of their education degree or job profile, "If you're a woman it is your 'job' to take care of the family". Even at the workplace women have limited access to job opportunities and are paid lesser wages than a man for the same work.
It's not just women that are subjected to gender discrimination due to these gender stereotypes. Just like women, men are constricted by stereotypes and penalized if they act outside their traditional gender roles. Society expects them to be strong and tough, if they ever so slightly let their sensitive emotions out, they are immediately perceived as less competent, and told statements like "be a man" "come on, boys don't cry" etc. Indiscriminately, men fall victim to the prevailing patriarchal society in India, which leads to severe damage to their mental and social well-being.
If a boy or a girl doesn't act in a way that they are taught, and in a way, that's expected from that particular gender, they are often criticized by society, their peers, and their parents. They're called names and treated disrespectfully. Any stereotype is harmful if it defines the limitations of a person's capability to develop their abilities, make their own life choices, life plans, and pursue a professional career.
Just like women, men are constricted by stereotypes and penalized if they act outside their traditional gender roles. Unsplash
Gender stereotypes have seeped into the Indian Constitution, failing the justice system to hold perpetrators of sexual violence accountable based on stereotypical views about "women's appropriate sexual behavior" i.e., what were they wearing, at what time they were out of their house, their dating and sexual history and all the other act that society say are "inviting". Moreover, the constitution does not even recognize male victims of sexual harassment.
Section 375 of The Indian Penal Code defines rape as—"A man is said to commit "rape" who, except in the case here in after excepted, has sexual intercourse with a woman under certain circumstances", completely dismissing the male victims. The international human rights law frameworks are concerned with these stereotypes and stereotyping that brainwashes people and adversely affects the human rights and fundamental freedom of people.
ALSO READ: Time to Break Gender Stereotypes!
No discrimination on basis of sex is a fundamental right of each citizen of India. Gender stereotyping is still a deep-rooted problem in Indian society. Indian legal system is filled with gender-specific laws, giving more rights to women, because, in earlier times, women were dehumanized to the level of a commodity for men. Educating Indian children and parents about the importance of gender equality is the first step in that direction. Gender-neutral upbringing needs to be encouraged to tackle the ill gender stereotypes that rob people of their human rights.
Keywords: Gender roles, gender norms, discrimination, patriarchy, women empowerment, the mental health of men, fundamental rights, stereotypes.
As robots evolve to do more work around us, the UK-based humanoid robot manufacturer Engineered Arts has infused more human-like facial expressions into one of its robots, which may leave you with an eerie feeling.
In a video posted on YouTube, the robot called 'Ameca' displays various human expressions, like appearing to "wake up" from sleep, as its face shows confusion and frustration when it opens its eyes.
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Once awake, 'Ameca' starts looking at its hands and arms, opens its mouth and raises its eyebrows, just like a human does.
At the end of the video, Ameca smiles and holds a welcoming hand out towards the viewer.
According to Engineered Arts, the humanoid bot is currently unable to walk and it is working towards giving it the ability in the near future.
"Designed specifically as a platform for development into future robotics technologies, 'Ameca' is the perfect humanoid robot platform for human-robot interaction," says the company.
The 'Ameca' hardware is a development based on its own research into humanoid robotics and built on its advanced 'Mesmer' technology.
Ameca' on display at the CES 2022 conference in Las Vegas in the US in January.Unsplash
Also read: NASA humanoid robot dances to technology
Engineered Arts is slated to put 'Ameca' on display at the CES 2022 conference in Las Vegas in the US in January.
"Human-like Artificial Intelligence needs a human-like artificial body. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning systems can be tested and developed on Ameca alongside our powerful 'Tritium' robot operating system," the company posted on its website. (IANS/PR)
(Keywords: Humanoid Robot, Ameca, Technology)
Microsoft has disrupted the activities of a China-based hacking group, gaining control of the malicious websites the group used to attack organisations in the US and 28 other countries around the world.
The Microsoft Digital Crimes Unit (DCU) said in a statement that a federal court in Virginia granted its request to seize websites of the hacking group called 'Nickel', enabling the company to cut off Nickel's access to its victims and prevent the websites from being used to execute attacks.
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"We believe these attacks were largely being used for intelligence gathering from government agencies, think tanks and human rights organisations," said Tom Burt, Corporate Vice President, Customer Security and Trust at Microsoft.
Obtaining control of the malicious websites and redirecting traffic from those sites to Microsoft's secure servers will help the company protect existing and future victims while learning more about Nickel's activities.
Also Read : Fortnite : A Gold Mine for Hackers
"Our disruption will not prevent Nickel from continuing other hacking activities, but we do believe we have removed a key piece of the infrastructure the group has been relying on for this latest wave of attacks," Burt said late on Monday.
To date, in 24 lawsuits - five against nation-state actors -- Microsoft has taken down more than 10,000 malicious websites used by cybercriminals and nearly 600 sites used by nation-state actors.
"We have also successfully blocked the registration of 600,000 sites to get ahead of criminal actors that planned to use them maliciously in the future," the tech giant informed.
"We believe these attacks were largely being used for intelligence gathering from government agencies, think tanks and human rights organisations."Unsplash
In some observed activity, Nickel malware used exploits targeting unpatched on-premises Exchange Server and SharePoint systems.
"However, we have not observed any new vulnerabilities in Microsoft products as part of these attacks. Microsoft has created unique signatures to detect and protect from known Nickel activity through our security products, like Microsoft 365 Defender," the company noted.
Nickel has targeted organisations in both the private and public sectors, including diplomatic organisations and ministries of foreign affairs in North America, Central America, South America, the Caribbean, Europe and Africa. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : hacking, China, Microsoft, website, victim, intelligence, attack, malicious, traffic, server, company, disruption, lawsuits, cybercriminals, vulnerability.)
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Chip manufacturer MediaTek on Monday announced that it is focused on making 2022 a year aimed at rapid growth, business success, substantial expansion in Research and Development capabilities.
MediaTek's plans to boost technology democratisation and enable access to disruptive connectivity with its range of mainstream to flagship 5G chips.
"We at MediaTek are focused on making 2022 a year aimed at rapid growth, business success, and substantial expansion in our R&D capabilities. For 2022, we are focused on further strengthening our presence in India, offering incredible experiences to customers, and supporting the country's technology initiatives with our expertise and collaboration with leading OEMs," Anku Jain, Managing Director, MediaTek India said in a statement.
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In the flagship segment, MediaTek recently announced the Dimensity 9000 chip, which is a milestone of innovation and a rise to the incredible, built-to-power flagship 5G smartphones in the world, the company claims.
MediaTek Dimensity 9000 features a single Cortex-X2 performance core clocked at 3.05GHz, three Cortex-A710 cores at 2.85GHz and four Cortex-A510 efficiency cores at 1.8GHz.
It packs a 10-core Arm Mali-G710 that takes care of graphics processing, the report said.
The chipset also comes packed with MediaTek's fifth-generation APU with six total cores for AI processing.Unsplash
Also read: Realme Unveils First 5G Smartphone
The chipset also comes packed with MediaTek's fifth-generation APU with six total cores for AI processing.
The chipset can handle screens with up to a 180Hz refresh rate at Full HD+ resolutions. It is also the first chipset to have an 18-bit image signal processor, offering the ability to capture 4K HDR video using up to three cameras at the same time, or still photos using up to a massive 320MP sensor. (IANS/PR)
(Keywords: 5G, smartphones, Mediatek)