Kathmandu: Eminent Urdu poet Mirza Ghalib, on his 218th birth anniversary, was remembered on the 29th edition of poetry event “Poemandu” organised by the Indian embassy here in collaboration with the BP Koirala India-Nepal Foundation.
The event, held at the Nepal Bharat Library in the Nepal Airlines building on Sunday, started with paying tributes to Ghalib for his contribution to Urdu poetry, an embassy statement said on Monday.
Speaking about Ghalib’s works, Sanath Kumar Basti said Ghalib started composing poetry at the age of 11.
Before Ghalib, the ghazal was primarily an expression of anguished love, but he expressed philosophy, travails and mysteries of life and wrote ghazals on many other subjects, vastly expanding the scope of the ghazal, Basti said.
Manoj Neupane, Tripura Poudel, Abdul Momin, Momila Joshi, Gopal Ask, Imtiaz Wafa, Gyanuwakar Poudel, Krishna Jung Rana, and Shekhar Giri were among the eminent poets who recited their compositions and ghazals in Hindi and Nepali in this edition of ‘Poemandu’.
On the occasion, Abhay Kumar, secretary of the BP Koirala India-Nepal Foundation, shared his experiences about organising and participating in literary events in Kathmandu.
According to Kumar, Ghalib was not considered the best poet of his time, and, in fact, Zauq was the poet laureate of the last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar, but time has judged Ghalib to be the best.
He recited his own poem on Ghalib and Laxmi Prasad Devkota.
He also shared that he would soon be leaving Kathmandu for Brasilia where he has been posted as India’s deputy chief of mission. He said ‘Poemandu’ has brought the literary community of Nepal on a single platform and hoped that it would continue in the coming months.
On the occasion of Ghalib’s Jayanti, a book titled “Dhupchhaya”, written by Krishna Jung Ran, was also released. (IANS), (image courtesy:s2.dmcdn.net)
NEW DELHI: The Christmas Eve of 1999 doesn’t go well into the books of Indian history. The whole global community was hit with the hell of a jerk when the news of a plane hijack was set out by the Indian media channels. The flight number IC-814 of the Indian Airlines, travelling from Kathmandu to New Delhi was hijacked mid-air. At the time of the hijack, the airline was carrying 178 passengers and 11 crew members on board, after it took-off from the Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu.
This incident shattered the whole Indian Intelligence wing and questions were already raised on the credibility of R&AW agency. R&AW (Research & Analysis Wing) is the external intelligence unit of India and looks up for the foreign threat counts. But after the hijack of IC-814, every available resource was scrambled to contain the situation which was already out of hand.
Till date, there are a lot of unanswered questions as to why there was no show up of NSG commandos when the aircraft landed at Amritsar and the time was ripe enough to launch a counter-attack on the hijackers.
This is a must-read piece by @KanchanGupta — he takes you through the days the Indian passenger plane was hijacked to Kandahar in 1999. “We are, if truth be told, a nation of cowards….” https://t.co/MEjwp6YeXh
An article by a profound writer and columnist, Kanchan Gupta has rightly concluded in one of his articles on Kandahar hijack that India standout to be a nation of cowards. When it mattered the most, Indian people turned out in their true colours and let the nation down by surrendering in front of the hijackers.
The initial impact
During this mishappening, NDA government was in the centre and till date is held responsible for such a huge goof-up. The then Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee was in mid-air at the time of the hijack and from the time of the hijack incident, he was informed almost after two hours. The lag in the communication is blamed on the lack of satellite phones at that time.
The moment Vajpayee landed at the Palam Air Base, National Security Adviser Brajesh Mishra broke the news of plane hijack.
Vajpayee was taken aback by it and called for an emergency meeting with his security advisor and cabinet ministers. He also called off his birthday and Christmas celebrations, scheduled for that evening.
Later, the five hijackers were identified as Ibrahim Athar, Shahid Akhtar Sayed, Gulshan Iqbal, Sunny Ahmed Qazi, Mistri Zahoor Ibrahim, and Shakir. All of them were found to be the residents of Pakistan and belonged to a dreaded militant organization.
Just after few moments of the takeoff of flight IC-814, militants hijacked the plane and diverted it to Lahore airport but they were denied permission to land at the airport. Then they head towards Amritsar after realizing that the flight was running low on fuel. The Amritsar’s airport, Raja Sansi Airport was immediately alerted about the hijack and directed to prevent the plane from taking off after the planes landing.
The hijackers demanded the refueling of the plane but it was blatantly rejected by the Indian officials and the aircraft stayed there for another forty-five minutes. Soon hijackers got suspicious and expected a commando attack, so they stabbed a passenger and forced the flight to take off with an almost empty tank. Then the under pressure pilots took off from there and attempted another landing at Lahore airport, even after the denial of permission from Pakistan’s airport authority. But with sheer courage and skill, both the flight pilots of IC-814 landed the plane safely at the landing strip and parked it in the airport’s bay area.
After the refueling of the aircraft by the Pakistani authority, hijackers took off from there and flew to Dubai airport. Dubai officials permitted them to land there and in return, successfully negotiated the release of 13 women and 11 children. The next morning, the plane took off for Afghanistan and landed at Kandahar Airport, at that time which was under the direct control of the terrorist organization.
Demand for ransom
On holding their fort at Kandahar airport, the hijackers demanded the release of 36 terrorists held in Indian prisons in return for safe passage for the people onboard. After hours of herculean negotiations by the security officials, Indian government stumbled upon a deal with them and finally agreed to release three terrorists in exchange for all the hostages. The name of terrorist to be freed included Maulana Masood Azhar, Mushtaq Ahmed Zargar, and Ahmed Omar Sheikh.
Within no time, the paperwork was done in order to release the terrorists and they were flown to Kandahar airport.
Moment of sigh
After that, two aircrafts left for Kandahar airport and Indian officials made the exchange. On the evening of 31st December, hostages of flight IC-814 were flown back to Delhi and a sense of relief prevailed in the Indian government and its people. But, soon the NDA government came under intense fire from various political parties.
Following this incident, India didn’t take much time to learn from this blunder and till date, it is made sure that nothing sort of that magnitude occurs ever. Although, there are still many unresolved mysteries going around in the minds of the people, but no one is up to take the responsibility for such a gaffe. Even the presence of an R&AW agent in the hijacked plane is a matter of contention. Reports suggest that R&AW officials were tipped prior to the hijack but were rashly rebuffed.
Irrespective of all the fuss, the unchallenged credit goes to the people involved in this whole incident and we salute to the bravery and courage put up by the flight pilots and the people on board.