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The dam draws a large number of tourists each year due to its architectural excellence.

By- Khushi Bisht

Dam construction dates back to the dawn of human civilization. Since antiquity, dams have been constructed across rivers and streams. The majority of dams are now constructed to generate hydroelectricity and for industrial uses. However, centuries ago, dams were not constructed for this reason. They were primarily erected to prevent flooding, irrigate farmland, and provide drinking water.


Despite all of the latest technological advancements and innovations, constructing a dam remains a monumental undertaking. Although the structure and technology have evolved, the concept of dam construction hasn't changed much throughout the years. In this article, we will talk about a 2,000-year-old dam that is still in use today.

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India is a country steeped in history and culture, the Kallanai Dam, often known as the Grand Anicut, is one of its many glories. This dam is claimed to be the oldest still-functioning dam in the world. The Kallanai Dam, which spans the Cauvery River in Tamil Nadu's Tiruchirappalli district, was built approximately 2,000 years ago and is currently in an outstanding state.

This dam, like many great things, has a fascinating backstory.

The man behind this dam is Karikala Chola, a mighty king of the Chola dynasty, who erected the dam in the 2nd century B.C. with the intention of distributing water from the Kaveri to neighboring territories for irrigation purposes via canals. It has the world's first water diversion and regulation structure.

Grand Anicut The dam is around 15 kilometers from Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu's major city. As a result, Karikala Chola was able to cultivate a large portion of the delta. Unsplash


He was the first ruler to accomplish this incredible feat, a spectacular architectural and engineering masterpiece given the historical period of 2,000 years ago. It's around 15 kilometers from Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu's major city. As a result, Karikala Chola was able to cultivate a large portion of the delta.

The Grand Anicut measures 1079 feet (329 meters) in length, 66 feet (20 meters) in width, and 18 feet (5.4 meters) in thickness. Approximately 69,000 acres were irrigated by the delta's ancient irrigation system of channels. It presently spans a large area, encompassing more than millions of acres.

Kallanai is regarded as a paradigm and a standard for future dam structures that use uncut stones. When British engineers saw this huge ancient dam in the 19th century, they were blown away by its engineering and the geographical position selected by the mighty Chola King, as well as his creativity and forethought.

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Sir Authur Thomas Cotton, a prominent British general, and engineer were encouraged by the Kallanai dam to construct The Upper Anaicut over the Kollidam.

The Grand Anicut is still in use as a significant irrigation dam, and due to its incredible engineering, it has inspired many contemporary dams. The dam draws a large number of tourists each year due to its architectural excellence. It is now a popular tourist attraction and a historical landmark in India.

All of this demonstrates how far advanced and innovative the ancient Indians were, and constructions like the Grand Anicut have become vital mementos of the country's rich past.


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IANS

In all the wedding excitement, it's easy to overlook the impact a wedding has on the environment.

By Prerana Agarwal Saxena

In all the wedding excitement, it's easy to overlook the impact a wedding has on the environment. While everyone is making their big fat Indian wedding dreams come true, they are also adding their carbon footprint and undue energy consumption. Modern couples are now looking for ways to have a wedding with a sustainably conscious mindset. It's become about incorporating less waste, locally sourced and seasonal food, natural materials over the use of plastic. Mindful wedding planning and decor includes the use of recycled paper and goods along with eco-friendly venue needs. Check out this quick guide to achieve a sustainably conscious wedding without compromising on luxury:

Choose locally sourced material to uplift artisans
Sustainable can be luxurious too, incorporate some native flavour into the decor and theme. With the use of locally sourced materials and local artisans coming into play, the wedding instantly becomes sustainable. Include the work of local vendors ensure minimal packaging requirements, thus saving on unnecessary plastic and lamination. It also decreases the need for transporting elements from other cities and hence lowers the carbon footprint. For instance, at one of our weddings, we made use of sand art for a setup in Jodhpur. This helped promote local work while also being environmentally friendly with zero wastage of other materials. In another instance from Rajasthan, the traditional glass-blown technique was used to build decor items while giving a cultural touch to the destination wedding.

sustainable sand art Sustainable can be luxurious too, incorporate some native flavour into the decor and theme. | Photo by Jason Coudriet on Unsplash

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The vaccination was administered from 7 a.m. till 7 p.m. and the compiled data was made available late at night.

The Tamil Nadu health department has administered 16,43,879 lakh doses of vaccine in the second mega vaccination camp organised by it. The state public health department in a statement on Sunday said that this has taken the total vaccination to one crore since the beginning of September till date. The vaccination was administered from 7 a.m. till 7 p.m. and the compiled data was made available late at night.

The health department officials also said that as the state has almost exhausted its quota of vaccines, there would not be any vaccines on Monday. Regular vaccination will resume after the vaccine supplies arrive from New Delhi, officials said. The state health department had expected to vaccinate 15 lakh people on Sunday in 18,824 centres spread across primary health centres, anganwadis, noon meal centres, government hospitals, schools and some auditoriums.

person in white long sleeve shirt holding gray pen The health department officials also said that as the state has almost exhausted its quota of vaccines, there would not be any vaccines on Monday. | Photo by Mat Napo on Unsplash

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IANS

Hanisha Kapoor, COO, ArchiesBeauty.com shares makeup trends experimented by these Bollywood divas throughout 2021 for inspiration.

Festivals are just around the corner and while you brainstorm about OOTDs (outfit of the day), don't forget the right makeup. Hanisha Kapoor, COO, ArchiesBeauty.com shares makeup trends experimented by these Bollywood divas throughout 2021 for inspiration. While some stuck to the classics, others mixed it up... take a look:

The Classic Red Lip
We don't see a future where classic red lips go out of fashion. The right way to achieve this celebrity look is to focus on accentuating your lips and keeping the rest of the face minimal. Give your lips a good scrub to plump them, moisturize and follow it up with a red lip liner to define the shape of your lips. Now go on with the perfect shade of red and finish your look with a slick of eyeliner, minimal concealer, and foundation.

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