Thursday January 23, 2020

Groundwater Contamination 12.7 Times More Likely in Non-ODF Villages: UN Report

The relative risk of faecal contamination of piped water supply traceable to humans was 2.4 times more likely in non-ODF villages

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Groundwater, Contamination
The objective of the study was to assess the relationship between living in an ODF environment and the contamination levels of faecal bacteriological indicators. Pixabay

Groundwater sources were likely to be contaminated by 12.7 times in the villages that have not become open defecation free (ODF) as compared to those free from open defecation, reveals a study by UNICEF.

The study titled “The Environmental Impact of the Swachh Bharat Mission on Water, Soil and Food” also showed that the soil and food in the non-ODF villages were prone to have contaminated by 1.1 times and 2.16 times, respectively.

It was released by Union Jal Shakti Minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat and Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar here on the occasion of World Environment Day.

The objective of the study was to assess the relationship between living in an ODF environment and the contamination levels of faecal bacteriological indicators found in water, soil and food sample taken from ODF and non-ODF villages.

Groundwater, Contamination
Groundwater sources were likely to be contaminated by 12.7 times in the villages.

About 725 samples were collected from 12 ODF and 12 non-ODF villages, spread across West Bengal, Bihar and Odisha between December 2018 and January 2019.

Finding of the study also showed that the relative risk of faecal contamination of piped water supply traceable to humans was 2.4 times more likely in non-ODF villages.

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In case of stored household water, the relative risk to human was 2.48 times more likely in non-ODF villages as compared to ODF villages. (IANS)

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Avoid Storing Food in Aluminium Containers to Minimise Health Risks: Researchers

Cutting aluminium intake can minimise potential health risk

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Aluminium health
A high intake of aluminium compounds can have adverse health effects. Pixabay

Researchers have found that reducing the consumption of food kept in aluminium packaging can minimise the potential health risks.

A high intake of aluminium compounds can have adverse effects on your health, among other things, neurotoxic developmental disorders as well as damage the kidneys, liver and bones.

The BFR: Federal Institute for Risk Assessment in Germany, bases its assessment of the population’s aluminium intake from food on the latest consumption and concentration data.

According to the research, consumption data are collected through consumer surveys and provide information on which foods and how much of them are eaten by different consumer groups.

health aluminium
Reducing the consumption of food kept in aluminium containers can minimise the potential health risks. Pixabay

For the risk assessment of aluminium intake, the BfR uses the tolerable weekly intake (TWI) derived from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) of 1 milligram aluminium per kilogram body weight.

The BfR’s assessment showed that aluminium intake from food is lower compared to previous studies.

If other relevant sources of aluminium intake are taken into account, such as aluminium containing cosmetic products and uncoated food contact materials, the total intake can exhaust or even exceed the TWI for all age groups.

Accroding to BFR, consumers can influence their aluminium intake. Those who want to reduce their aluminium intake should use aluminium containing antiperspirants and toothpaste sparingly.

When it comes to food, the BfR suggested a varied diet as well as alternating products and brands.

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This can contribute to reducing the risk of permanently high aluminium intake caused by individual highly contaminated products.

They advised against the preparation and storage of, in particular, acidic and salty foods in uncoated aluminium articles or aluminium foil. (IANS)