Wednesday January 23, 2019

How Gut Bacteria May Increase Obesity Risk

The study, published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, mentioned that the gut microbiota affects our metabolism and lead to cardiovascular diseases and Type 2 diabetes

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Old Couple. pixabay

The presence of gut flora in the intestines may cause health benefits for some people, whereas it increases obesity risk in the others, researchers have claimed.

While sourcing a new link between gut bacteria and obesity risk, the animal-based study found that certain amino acids in our blood can be connected to both obesity risk and the composition of the gut microbiome.

ALSO READ: Children at Risk: Obesity is not limited to the Urban-Rich of India

The study, published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, mentioned that the gut microbiota affects our metabolism and lead to cardiovascular diseases and Type 2 diabetes.

obesity risk
Previous studies have shown that people with these diseases have a varying occurrence of different metabolites, that is small molecules or metabolic residues, in the bloodstream. Pixabay

 

The researchers analyzed blood plasma and stool samples from 674 participants in the Malmö Offspring Study (MOS).

ALSO READ: WHO Releases New Guidelines to Fight Global Childhood Obesity

They found 19 different metabolites that could be linked to the person’s body mass index (BMI); glutamate and so-called BCAA (branched-chain and aromatic amino acids) had the strongest connection to obesity.

“The differences in BMI were largely explained by the differences in the levels of glutamate and BCAA. This indicates that the metabolites and gut bacteria interact, rather than being independent of each other,” said Marju Orho-Melander, Professor at Lund University in Sweden.

Previous studies have also shown that the manipulation of the gut bacteria may cut down diabetes, bowel diseases, and obesity risk. (IANS)

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Obesity Can Shorten Your Dog’s Lives

"For many owners, giving food, particularly tasty table scraps and tidbits, is the way we show affection for our pets," German said

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A Labrador retriever named Jack dines at a pet restaurant in San Juan, Manila, Philippines, Sept. 6, 2014.
Obesity can cut short your dog's lives. VOA

If you thought that obesity affects only humans, you may be wrong. It can also shorten lives of your canine friends, finds a research.

The research, from the University of Liverpool in the UK, reveals that the lifespan of overweight dogs was up to two-and-half years shorter when compared to ideal-weight dogs.

“Owners are often unaware that their dog is overweight, and many may not realise the impact that it can have on their health,” said Alex German, Professor at the university.

“What they may not know is that if their beloved pet is too heavy, they are more likely to suffer from other problems such as joint disease, breathing issues, and certain types of cancer, as well as having a poorer quality of life. These health and well-being issues can significantly impact how long they live,” he added.

The study, published in the Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, examined more than 50,000 dogs across 12 of the most popular dog breeds.

The results showed that the pups' attractiveness was lowest at birth and increased to a maximum before 10 weeks of age before declining and then levelling off.
Representational Image. pixabay

Although the study did not examine the reasons behind the extra pounds in dogs, feeding habits are thought to play a role in pet obesity.

According to a recent Better Cities For Pets survey, more than half (54 per cent) of cat and dog owners always or often give their pet food if they beg for it, and nearly a quarter (22 per cent) of cat and dog owners sometimes overfeed their pet to keep them happy.

Also Read- Actor Aamir Khan Feels Necessity To Guide Children on Good Lifestyle Habits

“For many owners, giving food, particularly tasty table scraps and tidbits, is the way we show affection for our pets,” German said.

“Being careful about what you feed your dog could go a long way to keeping them in good shape and enabling them to be around for many years to come,” he noted. (IANS)