Sunday December 8, 2019

More than Half of European Women Diagnosed at a Late Stage of HIV Infection: WHO

More than half of European women with HIV diagnosed late

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WHO
A study by WHO revealed that most of the European women with HIV are diagnosed at a late stage. Wikimedia Commons

More than half of European women, particularly those in their 40s, diagnosed at a late stage of HIV infection when their immune system is already starting to fail, says a new study by WHO, adding that they are three to four times more likely to be diagnosed late than younger women.

According to 2018 data released by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and World Health Organisation (WHO) Regional Office for Europe, women accounted for one-third of the 1,41, 000 new HIV diagnoses in the region, indicating that this population needs more attention in Europe’s prevention and testing efforts.

“Late diagnosis in women indicates that gender-sensitive counselling and testing, including information about sexual health, is not reaching this population. It’s time to end the silence about sexual health, especially when it comes to HIV, and ensure that women are well informed and enabled to protect themselves,” said Piroska Ostlin, WHO Regional Director for Europe ad interim.

“If we are to achieve universal health coverage, we need to improve prevention, treatment and care for women and reduce missed opportunities for testing those vulnerable to HIV in health facilities and in the community,” Ostlin added.

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The regional director of WHO said that the treatment and care for women with AIDS needs to be improved. Lifetime Stock

The HIV epidemic in the region is driven by a persistent problem with late diagnosis, and this affects 54 per cent of known cases among women, said the study published in the journal Eurosurveillance.

Such proportions of late diagnoses are partly a result of relatively low HIV testing coverage and uptake in the region and are an indication that sexual risks, including HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, are not being adequately addressed with older adults.

Two-thirds (60 per cent) of the HIV diagnoses among women in 2018 were in the age group 30-49 years old. Heterosexual sex was the most commonly reported HIV transmission mode (92 per cent) among women in the Region.

Countries in central Europe reported almost six times fewer diagnoses among women compared to men in 2018, and three times fewer diagnoses among women than men were reported in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA).

The only exception is the eastern part of the region, where there is a more even distribution between women and men, and where 86 per cent of the almost 50,000 cases among women were reported in 2018.

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“Too many people living with HIV are still not aware of their status. The sooner women and men know of their HIV status, the sooner they can be put on antiretroviral treatment and halt transmission of HIV sexually,” said Vytenis Andriukaitis, the European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety.

“We must all ramp up our efforts to halt and reverse the HIV epidemic in order to achieve our Sustainable Development Goals by 2030,” Andriukaitis added. (IANS)

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The Challenges, Growth and Prospects of Olive Oil Industry in India

Discussing the growth, prospects of olive oil in India

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For the first time in the country, experts in India will hold a panel discussion about the olive oil industry. Pixabay

BY PUJA GUPTA

For the first time in the country, experts in India will hold a panel discussion on the challenges, growth and prospects of the olive oil industry on the 13th of December at PHD Chamber of Commerce & Industry.

Rahul Upadhyay, President and Akshay Modi, Vice-President at The Indian Olive Association (IOA) will be hosting the Annual Public at the Lakshmipat Singhania Auditorium. The session will discuss the transition of olive oil from being a foreign oil to a homegrown oil with which the citizens of India can now reckon with.

The panel moderated by senior food and travel writer Rupali Dean will spearhead the session on Olive Oil In India-2.0. The panel of speakers will include noted restaurateurs, chefs, nutritionists, food researchers and biologists, entrepreneurs, retailers, food, health and fitness experts.

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The Indian Olive Association focuses on the problems confronting the emerging sector of olive oil and table olives in India. Pixabay

Upadhyay said, “The Indian Olive Association focuses on the problems confronting the emerging sector of olive oil and table olives in India. With Annual Public Session, we attempt to bring together the doyens from the food and health industry to discuss the problems and offer solutions that will accelerate the growth of olive oil in India.”

Akshay Modi, Vice-President at The Indian Olive Association (IOA). “The Annual Public Session is a platform that brings together all the diverse stakeholders to speak a unified voice for the greater good of the category of olive oil in India.”

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The Indian Olive Association (IOA), the national apex association of olive oil producers, growers, distributors, importers, users and consumers in India works to promote consumption and expand the market for olive oil and table olives. The association focuses on the problems confronting this emerging sector in India. Macro-economic factors like GST, Import Duty and issues with respect to the import of both table olives and olive oil are taken up by IOA with multiple authorities to streamline the import process and ensure a steady growth for this category. (IANS)