Heart attacks that mostly happen in the morning tend to be more severe than cardiac arrests at night, warn researchers.
The study, published in the journal Trends in Immunology, discusses how time of the day affects severity of afflictions, ranging from allergies to heart attacks. For example, studies showed that adaptive immune responses — in which highly specialised, pathogen-fighting cells develop over weeks — are under circadian control.
Researchers compiled studies, predominantly in mice, that looked at the connection between circadian rhythms and immune responses. “This is ‘striking’ and should have relevance for clinical applications, from transplants to vaccinations,” said study senior author Christoph Scheiermann, Professor at the University of Geneva in Switzerland.
According to researchers, in both humans and mice, the numbers of white blood cells also oscillate in a circadian manner, raising the question whether it might be possible one day to optimise immune response through awareness and utilisation of the circadian clock.
For the study, researchers looked into separate studies that compared immune cell time-of-day rhythms under normal conditions, inflammation and disease.
“Investigating circadian rhythms in innate and adaptive immunity is a great tool to generally understand the physiological interplay and time-dependent succession of events in generating immune responses,” said Scheiermann.
After sleep has refreshed and healed your body, the morning hours can do wonders for your skin, if planned well.
Rajni Ohri, Founder, Ohria Ayurveda and Mohit Narang, Skincare expert, AVON gives tips on healthy morning rituals to keep your skin healthy.
Start your day by drinking one glass of water. Nothing can work better than hydrating your skin right in the morning.
Never skip breakfast. In fact, your breakfast should be rich in nutrients and should include fruits, oats, multi-grain breads and dry fruits for a healthy body and skin.
Drink green tea or detox water to flush the body toxins away before taking a bath.
Yoga is beneficial for the skin and the body. A 5-minute face yoga session will improve circulation, facilitating the delivery of oxygen and nutrients and relieve tension in the facial muscles.
Sarvangasana, chakrasana, dhanurasana, shirshasana are effective in increasing blood flow to the skin and removing toxins. Pranayam stimulates endocrine gland, oxygenate cells reducing stress, and improving blood flow for skin glow. Practice kapalbhati, bhastrika, and anulom-vilom.
Your morning skincare routine should include cleansing, moisturizing and protection. Use a cleanser that is rich in aloe vera and other skin-nourishing ingredients. Don’t forget to apply sunscreen when you step out.
Splash fresh rose water on face and eyes stored in a silver vessel.
In the morning, remove toxins accumulated in the body during sleep, oil pulling will detoxify, keep the facial skin healthy and is a good exercise for the mouth, jawline, and maintains perfect dental health.
Tongue cleaning to remove accumulated phlegm, according to ancient texts, helps you receive nutrients smoothly.
Remove your makeup before taking a bath. This will prevent the harsh rubbing of skin that can irritate the area around the eyes. This also ensures deeper cleansing of the skin.
Apply a ‘mukh lepam’ before bathing for 10 minutes while you are doing your daily chores. Black lentil powdered and blended with warm milk or clarified butter is an idle morning team. On weekends highly recommended is a body scrub. Keep a body scrub powder made of orange peels, green gram, rice powder in a jar and mix it with milk and coconut oil, let it dry and scrub in the opposite direction and finally wash off.
On weekdays, preserve the skin’s moisture by dabbing shower oil on wet cleansed skin, natural cold-pressed oils in shower oil are very nourishing, softening and seal the natural moisture.
Use face masks for glowing skin. You can use a turmeric, besan or gram flour face pack for brighter and clearer skin. You can also use a tomato or potato peel to get rid of red and tanned skin.
Thirty minutes before a shower, d’ facial exercises. ‘Kiss the ceiling’ is the best waï¿½ to tone’almost all facial muscles, ‘pinching’ the jawline and neck is another very beneficial exercise to remove stiffness, improve blood flow to the skin.