Sunday August 25, 2019

Heart Disease, Stroke-related Deaths on Rise Due to Obesity: Study

The researchers observed that obesity is the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease mortality — others include smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes

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obese children
India with 14.4 million had the second highest number of obese children in 2015. Pixabay

Heart disease and stroke mortality rates have almost stopped declining in many high-income countries and are even increasing in some countries, reveals a new study.

For the study, published in the International Journal of Epidemiology, researchers from the University of Melbourne analysed trends in cardiovascular disease mortality, which consists of mainly heart disease and stroke — in 23 high-income countries since the year 2000.

The study found that cardiovascular disease mortality rates for people aged 35 to 74 years are now barely declining, or are increasing, in 12 of the 23 countries.

Cardiovascular disease mortality rates have increased in the most recent years in US and Canadian females, while in Australia, the UK and New Zealand annual declines in deaths from cardiovascular diseases are now 20 to 50 per cent.

obesity
Two women converse in New York, June 26, 2012. The nation’s obesity epidemic continues to grow, led by an alarming increase among women. Obesity is one of the risk factors of heart failure. VOA

“Research suggests that obesity, or at least poor diet, may have been a significant contributor to the slowdown in the decline of cardiovascular disease deaths,” said Alan Lopez, Professor at the University of Melbourne.

“Each of these countries have very high levels of obesity. In Australia, close to one-third of adults are obese,” Lopez said.

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The researchers observed that obesity is the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease mortality — others include smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.

“Failure to address these issues could confirm the end of the long-term decline in cardiovascular disease deaths and threaten future gains in life expectancy.” concluded study’s co-author Tim Adair, a researcher at the varsity. (IANS)

Next Story

Do These Exercises for Instant Weight Loss Even if You Have Obesity Genes

Surprisingly, cycling, stretching exercises, and swimming did not counteract the genetic effects on obesity

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exercise, obesity
Regular jogging was found to be the best type of exercise for managing obesity. Pixabay

Some people have inherited obesity genes which increases their risk of becoming fat. But, in a hope for such people, researchers have identified certain exercises that are effective in combating genetic effects that contribute to obesity.

Regular jogging was found to be the best type of exercise for managing obesity. Besides, mountain climbing, walking, power walking, certain types of dancing and yoga practices also reduce the Body Mass Index (BMI) in individuals predisposed to obesity. Surprisingly, cycling, stretching exercises, and swimming did not counteract the genetic effects on obesity.

Obesity is a challenging condition to control because it results from interactions between a person’s genetics and lifestyle. Doctors often recommend exercise, but it has not been clear which kinds are best for curbing weight gain in individuals whose genetics increase their risk of becoming obese.

obesity, exercise
The researchers said that when it comes to obesity, genetics are not destiny, and the effects can be lessened by several kinds of regular exercises. Pixabay

In the study published in the journal PLOS Genetics, researchers from the National Taiwan University analysed 18,424 Han Chinese adults, aged 30 to 70. The interactions between the individuals’ genetics and their self-reported exercise routines were examined.

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The researchers looked specifically at five measures of obesity, including BMI, body fat percentage and waist-to-hip ratio. They also considered other measures of obesity that are closely linked to metabolic problems. The researchers said that when it comes to obesity, genetics are not destiny, and the effects can be lessened by several kinds of regular exercises. (IANS)