Wednesday June 26, 2019

Incidence of Hepatitis-B Virus Higher Among the Tribals in India

The Union Health Ministry said last year that in India, an estimated four crore people were suffering from Hepatitis B and some 1.2 crore were suffering from Hepatitis C

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Hepatitis C Blood Virus [HCV]. Photo Credit: michelsonmedical.org

By Sujit Chakraborty

The incidence of the Hepatitis-B virus is higher among the tribals, specially the Jarawas of the Andaman Islands and the Chakmas in Arunachal Pradesh, experts said.

“Hepatitis-B is still an important cause of chronic liver disease. The prevalence of the infection in higher among the tribals,” said Pradip Bhowmik, one of the country’s most renowned hepatologists and liver expert.

“Around 65 per cent of the Jarawa tribals and 21 per cent tribals in Arunachal Pradesh are affected by the virus. Except Central India, 3 to 6 per cent tribals in most parts of India are also affected.”

The Jarawas is one of the endangered tribes inhabiting the Andaman Islands and any interaction with them is prohibited by law.

“In Arunachal, the Chakma tribe has the highest percentage of the infection. More than 11 per cent of the population is affected which is a matter of concern,” Bhowmik told IANS.

On the eve of the two-day international scientific conference on liver disease, “Livercon V”, beginning on Saturday, Bhowmik said that earlier Hepatitis-C was about 0.1 per cent among voluntary blood donors.

A recent study shows that about 20 per cent of Hepatitis-C cases is transmission through injecting drugs.

“It was found earlier that Hepatitis-C was the disease of old age but new data shows that more than 30 per cent of Hepatitis-C patients are below 30 years of age and most of them have a habit of injecting drugs.”

Bhowmik said that availability of better diagnostic facilities in India was now making it possible to diagnose liver disease early leading to a reduction in complications.

Injection and medicines
Hepatitis A and E are the commonly transmitted hepatotropic viruses transmitted due to poor hygiene, contaminated food and drinking water, poor sanitation. Pixabay

“Awareness development among the health care providers is of paramount importance for diagnosis, treatment and prevention of liver diseases.”

Another hepatology expert Ajit Chowdhury said: “Alcoholic liver diseases were increasing in the country. But a chronic liver disease due to a fatty liver is gradually becoming a threat to the future generation and needs immediate intervention. Diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome are leading to chronic liver disease mostly.

“All these chronic liver diseases lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer.”

Across the world, the prevalence of liver disease is increasing and mortality rates were also rising steadily.

Chowdhury said that liver transplantation has revolutionized treatment for liver diseases and India has many state-of-the-art hospitals to provide the best care.

Gradually the treatment is also becoming cost effective for the common people.

According to Bhowmik, the Indian government has targeted to make India hepatitis free by 2030.

Also Read- Punjab Bans Online Delivery of Food without Hygiene Rating

The World Health Organization has estimated that viral hepatitis caused 1.34 million deaths globally in 2015, a number comparable to deaths due to tuberculosis worldwide.

The Union Health Ministry said last year that in India, an estimated four crore people were suffering from Hepatitis B and some 1.2 crore were suffering from Hepatitis C. (IANS)

Next Story

South Korean Conglomerate LG Announces 3 Smartphones for Indian Market

LG W30 Pro features a 6.21-inch HD+ display with a 19:9 aspect ratio. The phone runs Android 9 Pie and is powered by the octa-core Snapdragon 632 SoC, paired with 4GB of RAM. There is also 64GB of onboard storage that is expandable via microSD card

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LG
LG logo. Wikimedia Commons

South Korean conglomerate LG on Wednesday announced three smartphones in its “W-series” — the LG W30, the LG W30 Pro and the LG W10 — for the Indian market.

The LG W10 comes with a price tag of Rs 8,999, LG W30 is priced at Rs 9,999 while LG W30 Pro would arrive soon in India.

“Today is a significant day for us at LG as we add three new smartphones to our product portfolio that are made in India. LG has always believed in bringing customized innovations that offers need-based propositions”, Ki Wan Kim, Managing Director, LG Electronics India said in a statement.

The LG W30 features a 6.26-inch HD+ display while W10 is equipped with a 6.19-inch HD+ display.

Both the smartphones are powered by the MediaTek Helio P22 processor along with 3GB of RAM and 32GB of internal storage.

LG
LG unveiled V40 ThinQ with 5 cameras few months back. Flickr

The W30 is equipped with a triple-camera setup. The phone comes with a combination of a 12MP primary low light sensor, 13MP wide-angle lens and a 2MP depth sensor. For the front, there is a 16MP selfie shooter.

The LG W10 is equipped with a dual-camera setup with a combination 13MP primary lens and a 5MP secondary shooter. For the front, it houses an 8MP selfie shooter.

Both the smartphones run on Android 9.0 Pie and both of them are equipped with a 4,000mAh battery.

Also Read: Google Maps to Alert Indians if Cab Drivers Deviate From Route

LG W30 Pro features a 6.21-inch HD+ display with a 19:9 aspect ratio. The phone runs Android 9 Pie and is powered by the octa-core Snapdragon 632 SoC, paired with 4GB of RAM. There is also 64GB of onboard storage that is expandable via microSD card.

The phone has a triple rear camera setup that comprises a 13MP primary sensor, 5MP secondary sensor, and an 8MP tertiary sensor. There is also a 16MP selfie camera at the front. (IANS)