Wednesday February 19, 2020

Incidence of Hepatitis-B Virus Higher Among the Tribals in India

The Union Health Ministry said last year that in India, an estimated four crore people were suffering from Hepatitis B and some 1.2 crore were suffering from Hepatitis C

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Hepatitis C Blood Virus [HCV]. Photo Credit: michelsonmedical.org

By Sujit Chakraborty

The incidence of the Hepatitis-B virus is higher among the tribals, specially the Jarawas of the Andaman Islands and the Chakmas in Arunachal Pradesh, experts said.

“Hepatitis-B is still an important cause of chronic liver disease. The prevalence of the infection in higher among the tribals,” said Pradip Bhowmik, one of the country’s most renowned hepatologists and liver expert.

“Around 65 per cent of the Jarawa tribals and 21 per cent tribals in Arunachal Pradesh are affected by the virus. Except Central India, 3 to 6 per cent tribals in most parts of India are also affected.”

The Jarawas is one of the endangered tribes inhabiting the Andaman Islands and any interaction with them is prohibited by law.

“In Arunachal, the Chakma tribe has the highest percentage of the infection. More than 11 per cent of the population is affected which is a matter of concern,” Bhowmik told IANS.

On the eve of the two-day international scientific conference on liver disease, “Livercon V”, beginning on Saturday, Bhowmik said that earlier Hepatitis-C was about 0.1 per cent among voluntary blood donors.

A recent study shows that about 20 per cent of Hepatitis-C cases is transmission through injecting drugs.

“It was found earlier that Hepatitis-C was the disease of old age but new data shows that more than 30 per cent of Hepatitis-C patients are below 30 years of age and most of them have a habit of injecting drugs.”

Bhowmik said that availability of better diagnostic facilities in India was now making it possible to diagnose liver disease early leading to a reduction in complications.

Injection and medicines
Hepatitis A and E are the commonly transmitted hepatotropic viruses transmitted due to poor hygiene, contaminated food and drinking water, poor sanitation. Pixabay

“Awareness development among the health care providers is of paramount importance for diagnosis, treatment and prevention of liver diseases.”

Another hepatology expert Ajit Chowdhury said: “Alcoholic liver diseases were increasing in the country. But a chronic liver disease due to a fatty liver is gradually becoming a threat to the future generation and needs immediate intervention. Diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome are leading to chronic liver disease mostly.

“All these chronic liver diseases lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer.”

Across the world, the prevalence of liver disease is increasing and mortality rates were also rising steadily.

Chowdhury said that liver transplantation has revolutionized treatment for liver diseases and India has many state-of-the-art hospitals to provide the best care.

Gradually the treatment is also becoming cost effective for the common people.

According to Bhowmik, the Indian government has targeted to make India hepatitis free by 2030.

Also Read- Punjab Bans Online Delivery of Food without Hygiene Rating

The World Health Organization has estimated that viral hepatitis caused 1.34 million deaths globally in 2015, a number comparable to deaths due to tuberculosis worldwide.

The Union Health Ministry said last year that in India, an estimated four crore people were suffering from Hepatitis B and some 1.2 crore were suffering from Hepatitis C. (IANS)

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In India, One in Three Smartphone User Shops Using M-Commerce Platforms: Survey

According to market research firm techARC, the survey was conducted online with 500 users

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M-Commerce
The trend of "casual" m-commerce is not high on mature platforms. Users are repetitively buying from credible m-commerce platforms. For leaders like Flipkart and Amazon, casual shoppers were just under 15 per cent. Pixabay

One in every three smartphone user shops through m-commerce platforms in India and Flipkart and Amazon India are emerging as leading platforms while Club Factory is growing fast as an alternative, said a new survey on Wednesday.

According to market research firm techARC, the survey was conducted online with 500 users. The demographics selected was of age group of 18 and above, who owned a smartphone for more than a year.

“While Flipkart and Amazon lead as the most engaged platforms, new entrant Club Factory is growing up fast among Challengers. The other platforms are not able to garner much attention, primarily due to their limited offerings which makes them as niche m-commerce platforms,” Faisal Kawoosa, Founder and Chief Analyst, techARC, said in a statement.

Urban locations are leading in m-Commerce with 34.8 per cent users having shopped over these platforms, but rural is also catching up fast as 30.3 per cent of users in the rural areas have purchased a product using m-commerce.

Amazon
One in every three smartphone user shops through m-commerce platforms in India and Flipkart and Amazon India are emerging as leading platforms while Club Factory is growing fast as an alternative. Pixabay

The trend of “casual” m-commerce is not high on mature platforms. Users are repetitively buying from credible m-commerce platforms. For leaders like Flipkart and Amazon, casual shoppers were just under 15 per cent.

Eighty nine per cent of users install the m-commerce apps of their choice through the respective app stores of the smartphones they use. Only 5 per cent discover a platform pre-installed on their Smartphones.

ALSO READ: Facebook Funds India’s Fastest Growing Education Start-Up “Unacademy”

The market is almost evenly spread between shoppers buying regularly once in a month, users purchasing on need basis and buyers triggered by offers and promotions. This is a major shift in the motivation for buying online where offers and discounts are not the only triggers. (IANS)