Sunday December 16, 2018

Higher BMI Linked with Asthma Risk, says Study

The participants' weight and height were measured multiple times during the first three years of life

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BMI, Asthma Risk
High BMI in early life linked to asthma risk later: Study. Pixabay
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The growth of children in the first three years of their life affects the development of their lungs and the risk of asthma at 10 years of age, says a study.

According to recent studies, excessive weight gain in the first years of life can be associated with lower lung function and a higher risk of childhood asthma.

The new study, led by Erasmus University in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, showed that the infants with the highest weight gain velocity and body mass index had lower lung function at 10 years of age.

Specifically, these children had a lower function related to the smaller airways in relation to their total lung volume.

The study also found that “the later the children reached their peak body mass index, the better their lung function and, in the case of boys, the lower the risk of asthma”, said lead author Maribel Casas, researcher at the varsity.

BMI, Asthma Risk
Asthma Medicine, Pixabay

“These results confirm that early childhood growth plays an important role in lung development,” Casas added.

Although no relationship between height and weight growth and the risk of asthma was observed, this disproportionate development of lung function could be a risk factor for the development of respiratory disease, the researchers said.

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For the study, published in the journal Thorax, the team tracked 4,435 children in the Netherlands from birth until 10 years of age.

The participants’ weight and height were measured multiple times during the first three years of life.

The team examined whether early childhood growth patterns — ascertained by taking repeated weight and height measurements during the first three years of the child’s life — affected respiratory health at the age of 10 years. (IANS)

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Regular Sleep in Childhood Leads to Healthy BMI Later

The findings, published in the journal SLEEP, showed that one-third of children consistently adhered to age-appropriate bedtimes for ages five to nine

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Sleep apnoea is a serious disorder characterized by regular pausing in breathing while sleeping.
Sufficient sleep in childhood may lead to healthy BMI later. Pixabay

Is your child facing trouble in sleeping? If so, parents take note. Regular and sufficient sleep from early childhood may be important for gaining healthy body weight in adolescence, suggests a new study.

The study revealed that those who had no bedtime routine at age nine had shorter self-reported sleep duration and higher body mass index (BMI) at age 15, when compared to those children with age-appropriate bedtimes.

“We think sleep affects physical and mental health, and the ability to learn,” said Orfeu Buxton, Professor from the University of Pennsylvania in the US.

“Parenting practices in childhood affect physical health and BMI in the teenage years. Developing a proper routine in childhood is crucial for the future health of the child,” Buxton added.

Previous studies have shown that poor sleep can affect academic performance, as well as contribute to death and cases of heart disease and stroke.

Rest practices
Representational image. Pixabay

For the study, researchers analysed 2,196 children.

The findings, published in the journal SLEEP, showed that one-third of children consistently adhered to age-appropriate bedtimes for ages five to nine.

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Bedtime should provide enough of a “window” for the child to get an appropriate amount of sleep, even if the child does not fall asleep right away, said Buxton.

Future family interventions may need to include parental education about sleep health, particularly focusing on parents with low income and low education, Lee said, adding the need for research in childhood sleep behaviour and weight in later life. (IANS)