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Fishing, Revenue and Sea food: An all you need to know account about aquaculture production

Global production from fishing and aquaculture combined reached approximately 144 million tonnes in 2016

Sept 05, 2016:“Fishery and aquaculture production provide direct employment and revenue to an estimated 43.5 million people.”

That’s how important fishery is to the layman! Fishery basically means the business of catching fish or industry of fishing. The fishery concerns itself with the habits, life histories and interrelationships of fish population.People probably began fishing in Africa, very early on in human history. Neanderthals were fishing by about 200,000 BC. Modern humans were gathering shellfish at Blombos Cave in South Africa by about 100,000 BC. Evidences of fishery were found in the Indus Valley and the adjoining areas of Sind, Punjab and Baluchistan. Fishing was super important for early people, and a lot of our early inventions happened around fish.

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As far as the overall fishing is concerned, this sector alone accounts for about a third of the world’s supply of fish products.

All the coastal people get to eat various sea food recipes and their cuisine is very interesting!

India is a land of exotic fishes and seafood’s. A huge variety of fishes and other seafood products are available in the coastal waters of India, Which makes India as one of the leading seafood exporters and traders in world. As compare to the popular chicken dishes, seafood’s are very famous for its taste and short cooking time. Recipe of Indian Seafood are very delicious and easy to Cooked with special Indian spices and herbs. Kerala and Goa are the most famous spot for seafood. Fish is one of the most important ingredients of Goa and kerla cuisine. Every coastal state of India, include fishes in almost every cuisine.West Bengal fish curry is very popular and its taste with rice is delicious.Most popular Seafood in India are fish,crab and prawns. Crab Xacuti and Meen Curry are the the best Seafood of Goa and Kerala.

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Prawn is a major dish in coastal areas of India.Indian fish dishes are gives a lovely tangy flavour. Crab is one of the most favourite seafood dishes all across India. Crab tandoori, Crab curry and crab soups are famous dishes of crabs in India. Lobster is also a very popular marriage party snack in India. Lobster is very famous seafood and can be boiled, steamed, grilled or baked.

Various products are made using fishes and fish processing is itself a very long prcedure.More than three-quarters of the world’s fish production is consumed by humans. Most of the remaining portion is fed to animals, particularly in the form of fishmeal.

Necoras
Seafood. Image Source: Wikimedia common

Half of the fish is consumed fresh by humans while the other half undergoes some processing. When fish is processed, it is often frozen, but it can also be canned, cured, dried, salted, smoked, etc.Freezing is the main method of processing fish for food use, accounting for 50 percent of total processed fish for human consumption. Fish silage and fish protein hydrolysates obtained from fish viscera are finding applications in the pet feed and the fish feed industries. A number of anticancer molecules have been discovered following research on marine sponges, bryozoans and cnidarians.

Developing countries play a major role in the fishery industry. They account for more than three quarters of the world’s fishery production and for almost half of the world’s exports.   Species and fishery products of high value on world markets include shrimp, salmon, tuna,groundfish, squid and octopus, as well as fishmeal and fish oil. However, relatively low-value species traded in large quantities, such as tilapia from aquaculture, have also gained increasing importance on world markets.

These delightful treats from the sea are key to a healthy diet. Low in calories, sodium, and cholesterol, protein-packed seafood provides vitamins and minerals and may reduce the risk of heart disease and lower blood pressure.

– prepared by Manthra Koliyer of NewsGram. Twitter @Manthra_koliyer

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