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Fishing, Revenue and Sea food: An all you need to know account about aquaculture production

Global production from fishing and aquaculture combined reached approximately 144 million tonnes in 2016

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fishing on the coast. Wikipedia commons

Sept 05, 2016:“Fishery and aquaculture production provide direct employment and revenue to an estimated 43.5 million people.”

That’s how important fishery is to the layman! Fishery basically means the business of catching fish or industry of fishing. The fishery concerns itself with the habits, life histories and interrelationships of fish population.People probably began fishing in Africa, very early on in human history. Neanderthals were fishing by about 200,000 BC. Modern humans were gathering shellfish at Blombos Cave in South Africa by about 100,000 BC. Evidences of fishery were found in the Indus Valley and the adjoining areas of Sind, Punjab and Baluchistan. Fishing was super important for early people, and a lot of our early inventions happened around fish.

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As far as the overall fishing is concerned, this sector alone accounts for about a third of the world’s supply of fish products.

All the coastal people get to eat various sea food recipes and their cuisine is very interesting!

India is a land of exotic fishes and seafood’s. A huge variety of fishes and other seafood products are available in the coastal waters of India, Which makes India as one of the leading seafood exporters and traders in world. As compare to the popular chicken dishes, seafood’s are very famous for its taste and short cooking time. Recipe of Indian Seafood are very delicious and easy to Cooked with special Indian spices and herbs. Kerala and Goa are the most famous spot for seafood. Fish is one of the most important ingredients of Goa and kerla cuisine. Every coastal state of India, include fishes in almost every cuisine.West Bengal fish curry is very popular and its taste with rice is delicious.Most popular Seafood in India are fish,crab and prawns. Crab Xacuti and Meen Curry are the the best Seafood of Goa and Kerala.

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Prawn is a major dish in coastal areas of India.Indian fish dishes are gives a lovely tangy flavour. Crab is one of the most favourite seafood dishes all across India. Crab tandoori, Crab curry and crab soups are famous dishes of crabs in India. Lobster is also a very popular marriage party snack in India. Lobster is very famous seafood and can be boiled, steamed, grilled or baked.

Various products are made using fishes and fish processing is itself a very long prcedure.More than three-quarters of the world’s fish production is consumed by humans. Most of the remaining portion is fed to animals, particularly in the form of fishmeal.

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Seafood. Image Source: Wikimedia common

Half of the fish is consumed fresh by humans while the other half undergoes some processing. When fish is processed, it is often frozen, but it can also be canned, cured, dried, salted, smoked, etc.Freezing is the main method of processing fish for food use, accounting for 50 percent of total processed fish for human consumption. Fish silage and fish protein hydrolysates obtained from fish viscera are finding applications in the pet feed and the fish feed industries. A number of anticancer molecules have been discovered following research on marine sponges, bryozoans and cnidarians.

Developing countries play a major role in the fishery industry. They account for more than three quarters of the world’s fishery production and for almost half of the world’s exports.   Species and fishery products of high value on world markets include shrimp, salmon, tuna,groundfish, squid and octopus, as well as fishmeal and fish oil. However, relatively low-value species traded in large quantities, such as tilapia from aquaculture, have also gained increasing importance on world markets.

These delightful treats from the sea are key to a healthy diet. Low in calories, sodium, and cholesterol, protein-packed seafood provides vitamins and minerals and may reduce the risk of heart disease and lower blood pressure.

– prepared by Manthra Koliyer of NewsGram. Twitter @Manthra_koliyer

  • Kabir Chaudhary

    Seafood is the best alternative to meat and much healthier also.

  • Manthra koliyer

    Fishes are highly nutritious and contain lots of proteins as well!

Next Story

Celebrity Chef Maria Goretti: Happy to See the World Woken up to Indian Tastes

Maria Goretti speaks about her recent collaboration with The Doers Club by Dewar's

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Maria Goretti chef
Celebrity chef Maria Goretti has recently collaborated with The Doers Club by Dewar's to co-curate a gourmet food and drinks experience. IANS

BY PUJA GUPTA

Celebrity chef Maria Goretti says she is “happy to see that the world has finally woken up to Indian tastes”. She adds:”We are this melting pot of various cuisines, various tastes, and various flavours and the world has not yet seen all that India has to offer.”

IANSlife spoke to Goretti who recently collaborated with The Doers Club by Dewar’s to co-curate a gourmet food and drinks experience called ‘East India Bottle Masala and Double Aged Scotch’.

Maria Goretti chef
Chef Maria Goretti says that she is happy to see the rise of Indian cuisine around the world. Pixabay

Excerpts:

Tell us more about your collaboration with Dewar’s.

Goretti: I have been talking with Dewar’s about the dinner for quite some time. We started the conversation when I came back from Paris in 2018 but the entire year I was travelling, so somehow everything keeps getting postpone and I always feel that there is a perfect time for everything and everything does fall into place and I guess this was the perfect time and finally Dewar’s, me being the East Indian and my east Indian bottle masala found a place to cook for The Doers Club at the sidecar. So me and my team – the travelling chefs, we had the most amazing time being part of this association.

What are you looking forward to with this project?

Goretti: I am looking forward to introducing my East Indian cuisine to the people of Delhi blending it with The Dewar’s Double scotch for double flavour. East Indian cuisine belongs to only Bombay, we are a small Catholic community that lives on the coast- mostly farmers, landowners and fisher folks.

Our cuisine is an old cuisine that if not promoted and not introduced to others, it will probably die and I am really happy that I got this opportunity with the Doers club to bring my palette out to introduce it to a lot more people and I am really excited about doing this little more often.

How did you get into cooking?

Goretti: I never thought I would be doing what I am doing right now because I had to feed my kids (laughs) so I had to learn how to cook. As people say that necessity is the mother of all invention. I had to learn from basic how-to boil rice, how to make roti, a French toast, perfectly boiled eggs along with many other things and somewhere down the line I found cooking so interesting that in 2010 I joined Sapphires and did 1 year of baking with them. Then I joined Tante Marie Woking in London, I studied boulang�re cuisine and bakery. I spent a complete year in travelling from Bombay to Paris and Bombay to London.

Maria Goretti chef
The Indian cuisine provides a wide range of food items. Pixabay

I am a certified pastry chef from Le Cordon Bleu, Paris and London because I broke my journey and went to two places. I have been cooking since 2011. Earlier, I did it slowly because of my kids who were much younger but I think now I am ready to go out and do this a little more often and I am very excited about it.

How would you define your love for cooking?

Goretti: It’s passion, pure passion!

What are the three ingredients that are a must in your kitchen?

Goretti: Three ingredients must in kitchen are garlic, butter and my East Indian bottle masala.

What’s your favourite food/dish?

Goretti: My favourite cuisines are Kerala cuisine, Bengali cuisine, Kashmiri food, Thai, Ethiopian cuisine Hungarian. So basically, I love food because it’s very difficult to choose.

How do you manage to combine nutrition and taste in a dish?

Goretti: It’s difficult to combine nutrition and taste in a dish with kids, but most of the time I am very clear what I want to eat. I am not somebody who eats terribly unhealthy. I keep my food very simple as I have a big sweet tooth, if I am eating sweets, then I try to eat simple food nothing heavy.

My food is the combination of my skill set which is French and my taste which is Indian and East Indian. I try to be healthy and try to strike a good balance between healthy and everyday normal.

How do you see the future of the Indian F&B industry?

Goretti: I am happy to see that the world has finally woken up to Indian tastes and curry is now the most famous word in the world. I am happy about that, I think India has as many cuisines as it has languages, ethnicities and people. We are this melting pot of various cuisines, various tastes, and various flavours and the world has not yet seen all that India has to offer.

Maria Goretti chef
Maria Goretti defines her love for cooking by saying that it is her passion. Pixabay

I believe this is a good time for us as Indians as world look towards us as a place of flavour, place of excitements, robustness and we have just touched the tip of the iceberg, they have not seen what India is capable of and I know we have a lot to offer.

Cooking as a profession — how do you think people’s perception has changed over time?

Goretti: I think we are living in a beautiful time, like when I was younger, everyone was getting into banking, becoming a model, actor, there were very few who were saying they want to go to the moon but today I hear a lot more people who say I want to grow up and become a chef.

I think one of the main reasons will be all the TV shows that we have makes it look more glamorous and everybody wants to be a chef but it’s a lot of hard work and a lot of sweat and blood goes behind that one tiny dish a chef makes and then somebody makes faces while eating ‘It’s like ouch, hurts badly. But I am pretty happy about the change.

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What food trends do you see in 2020?

Goretti: It will be very difficult for me to answer because I don’t know what food trends are but what I see is getting a little healthier, people are more conscious about ketogenic, gluten-free, vegan food. People are going towards vegetarianism which I think is lovely, having said that I am not vegetarian at all but do find it a healthier way to live.

At home, I do eat a lot more vegetarian food that I eat out. When I step out of the house, I remind myself that the world is your oyster� you have to taste everything. But I think the world is moving toward a place where there is a lower carbon footprint, localised food yet we all know food has no boundaries as such so food trends according to me would be veering towards a healthier lifestyle. (IANS)